How to initialize child controls in a derived CDialogBar

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Article ID: 185672 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

When creating a simple CDialogBar, such as one with only CButtons similar to MFC's print preview, it is not necessary to derive from CDialogBar because the parent of CControlBar receives the notification messages from any child controls.

However, in the case of a more complex CDialogBar, which might have a drop- down combo box, a treeview, or ActiveX control, it might be useful to derive from CDialogBar to provide initialization for the child controls.

Because ClassWizard does not support deriving a class from CDialogBar, this article shows the steps necessary to create a class from CDialog and then "convert" the class to CDialogBar.

MORE INFORMATION

To start out, create a CDialog class with the child controls you want to use. You can transform the CDialog class into a CDialogBar class using the following nine steps:

  1. Change the base class from CDialog to CDialogBar in the class declaration. Don't forget to also change the base class in BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP in the .cpp file.
  2. Change the constructor in both the .h and the .cpp files. Also make the change to the DoDataExchange(). Below are three items to change.

    Change the following from
          CMyDlgBar (CWnd* pParent = NULL);   // standard constructor
    
          CMyDlgBar:: CMyDlgBar (CWnd* pParent /*=NULL*/)
             : CDialog(CMyDlgBar::IDD, pParent)
          {
             ...
    
          void CMyDlgBar::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)
          {
             CDialog::DoDataExchange(pDX);
             ...
    					
    to the following:
          CMyDlgBar ();   // standard constructor
    
          CMyDlgBar:: CMyDlgBar ()
          {
             ...
    
          void CMyDlgBar::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)
          {
             CDialogBar::DoDataExchange(pDX);
             ...
    					
    The key to the transformation is the conversion of the virtual OnInitDialog() member function to the WM_INITDIALOG message mapped method by changing the OnInitDialog method and by adding the ON_MESSAGE() handler. You may not have an override of OnInitDialog(). If not, add one before proceeding.
  3. Remove "virtual BOOL OnInitDialog();" from the class header and add "afx_msg LONG OnInitDialog ( UINT, LONG );" in its place. For example:
          class CMyDlgBar : public CDialogBar
          {
             ...
          // Implementation
          protected:
    
             // Generated message map functions
             //{{AFX_MSG(CMyDlgBar)
             virtual BOOL OnInitDialog();                // <-Remove this line.
             //}}AFX_MSG
    
             afx_msg LONG OnInitDialog ( UINT, LONG );   // <-Add this line.
             DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP()
          };
    						
    Now, in the class implementation section, make the corresponding changes.
  4. Add "ON_MESSAGE(WM_INITDIALOG, OnInitDialog );" to the message map in the .CPP implementation file. For example:
          BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMyDlgBar, CDialogBar)
    
             //{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CMyDlgBar)
             ...
             //}}AFX_MSG_MAP
             ON_MESSAGE(WM_INITDIALOG, OnInitDialog )    // <-- Add this line.
          END_MESSAGE_MAP()
    						
    Now, convert the virtual OnInitDialog() to the message-mapped OnInitDialog().
  5. Make the OnInitDialog() conversion as follows:
       Change the following:
    
          BOOL CMyDlgBar::OnInitDialog()
          {
             CDialog::OnInitDialog();   // <-- Replace this line:
                ...
    						
    to the following:
    LONG CMyDlgBar::OnInitDialog ( UINT wParam, LONG lParam)
             {
                              // <-- with these lines. -->
    
                BOOL bRet = HandleInitDialog(wParam, lParam);
    
                if (!UpdateData(FALSE))
                {
                   TRACE0("Warning: UpdateData failed during dialog init.\n");
                }
                ...
    
                return bRet;
    						
    The CDialogBar class doesn't have a virtual OnInitDialog(), and therefore calling one does not work. UpdateData is called to subclass or initialize any child controls.
  6. Make sure the dialog box resource styles to the following:
    Style: Child
    Boarder: None
    Visible: Unchecked
    At this point, everything has been reconnected to make the transformation from a CDialog class to a CDialogBar class work correctly. Now, create and use it.
  7. Add an instance of the derived CDialogBar to the CframeWnd-derived class (normally called CMainFrame). For example:
          class CMainFrame : public CFrameWnd
          {
              ...
              CMyDlgBar m_myDlgBar;
              ...
          };
    					
  8. Call the create method for the m_myDlgBar variable in the CFrameWnd::OnCreate() method similar to the following:
          int CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
          {
             ...
             if (!m_myDlgBar.Create(this, IDD_DLGBAR1, CBRS_LEFT,
                IDD_DLGBAR1))
             {
                TRACE0("Failed to create dialog bar\n");
                return -1;      // fail to create
             }
             ...
          }
    					
  9. Finally, if you want to support dynamic docking and resizing of the CDialogBar, add the following lines to the end of CMainFrame::OnCreate():
          int CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
          {
             ...
             m_myDlgBar.SetBarStyle(m_wndToolBar.GetBarStyle() |
                CBRS_TOOLTIPS | CBRS_FLYBY | CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC);
             m_myDlgBar.EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
             DockControlBar(&m_myDlgBar);
    
             return 0;
          }

REFERENCES

For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
99161 How to derive from classes not listed in ClassWizard

Properties

Article ID: 185672 - Last Review: November 21, 2006 - Revision: 3.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Foundation Class Library 4.2, when used with:
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++, 32-bit Learning Edition 6.0
Keywords: 
kbhowto kbuidesign kbwizard kbmfcctrlbar KB185672

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