Problems with many domain controllers with Active Directory integrated DNS zones

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Article ID: 267855 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q267855
Notice
This article applies to Windows 2000. Support for Windows 2000 ends on July 13, 2010. The Windows 2000 End-of-Support Solution Center is a starting point for planning your migration strategy from Windows 2000. For more information see the Microsoft Support Lifecycle Policy.
Notice
This article applies to Windows 2000. Support for Windows 2000 ends on July 13, 2010. The Windows 2000 End-of-Support Solution Center is a starting point for planning your migration strategy from Windows 2000. For more information see the Microsoft Support Lifecycle Policy.
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SYMPTOMS

Domain Name System (DNS) registrations of SRV and domain controller (DC) locator A records (registered by Netlogon) and NS records (added by the authoritative DNS servers) in an Active Directory-integrated DNS zone for some DCs may not work in a domain that contains a large number of DCs (usually over 800). If the Active Directory-integrated DNS zone has the same name as the Active Directory domain name, problems with the registration of A records and NS records at the zone root seem to occur in a domain with more than 400 DCs. Also, one or more of the following error messages may be logged in the Event log:
Event Type: Error
Event Source: DNS
Event Category: None
Event ID: 4011
Date: 6/28/2000
Time: 7:50:13 PM
User: N/A
Computer: MACHINE1
Description: The DNS server was unable to add or write an update of domain name xyz in zone xyz.example.com to the Active Directory. Check that the Active Directory is functioning properly and add or update this domain name using the DNS console. The event data contains the error.
Data: 0000: 2a 23 00 00 *#..

Event Type: Error
Event Source: DNS
Event Category: None
Event ID: 4015
Date: 6/28/2000
Time: 7:50:13 PM
User: N/A
Computer: MACHINE1
Description: The DNS server has encountered a critical error from the Active Directory. Check that the Active Directory is functioning properly. The event data contains the error.
Data: 0000: 0b 00 00 00 ....

The final status code from event 4015, 0x00000b, maps to error "LDAP_ADMIN_LIMIT_EXCEEDED Administration limit on the server has exceeded."

Event Type: Warning
Event Source: NTDS Replication
Event Category: Replication
Event ID: 1093
Date: 6/28/2000
Time: 7:33:24 PM
User: Everyone
Computer: MACHINE1
Description: The directory replication agent (DRA) could not apply changes to object DC=@,DC=xyz.example.com,CN=MicrosoftDNS,CN=System,DC=xyz,DC=example, DC=com (GUID 77d76064-f49e-4762-ba8c-324b6c518f11) because the incoming changes cause the object to exceed the database's record size limit. The incoming change to attribute 9017e (dnsRecord) will be backed out in an attempt to make the update fit. In addition to the change to the attribute not being applied locally, the current value of the attribute on this system will be sent out to all other systems to make that the definitive version. This has the effect of nullifying the change to the rest of the enterprise.
The reversal may be recognized as follows: version 5474, time of change 2000-06-28 19:33.24 and USN of 2873104.

Event Type: Information
Event Source: NTDS Replication
Event Category: Replication
Event ID: 1101
Date: 6/28/2000
Time: 7:33:24 PM
User: Everyone
Computer: MACHINE1
Description: The directory replication agent (DRA) was able to successfully apply the changes to object DC=@,DC=xyz.example.com,CN=MicrosoftDNS,CN=System, DC=xyz,DC=example,DC=com (GUID 77d76064-f49e-4762-ba8c-324b6c518f11) after backing out one or more of the attribute changes. Preceding messages will indicate which attributes were reversed. Please note that this will have the effect of nullifying the change where it was made, causing the original update not to take effect. The originator should be notified that their change was not accepted by the system.

CAUSE

This problem occurs because Active Directory has a limitation of approximately 800 values that can be associated with a single object. In an Active Directory-integrated DNS zone, DNS names are represented by dnsNode objects, and DNS records are stored as values in the multi-valued dnsRecord attribute on dnsNode objects, causing the error messages listed earlier in this article to occur.

RESOLUTION

To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Windows 2000. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
260910 How to obtain the latest Windows 2000 service pack
The English version of this fix should have the following file attributes or later:
   Date        Time    Size       File name
   ---------------------------------------------------------
   02/08/2001  01:32p  5,090,728  Q267855_W2K_SP2_x86_en.EXE  
				
This hotfix contains fixes for the DNS and Netlogon components. The fixes do not remove the limitation on the number of records that can be added for the same DNS name when the DNS zone is integrated with Active Directory, but provide a mechanism for disabling unnecessary DNS registrations of SRV and DC locator A records and NS records in an Active Directory-integrated DNS zone.

DNS Fix

Apply the hotfix to every DNS server running on a DC. The DNS portion of the hotfix also contains an updated version of Dnscmd.exe that is installed in the Systemdrive:\Program Files\Support Tools folder. After you apply the hotfix, use either one of the following methods:

Method 1

If you want to specify a list of DNS servers that can add NS records corresponding to themselves to a specified zone, choose one DNS server and then run Dnscmd.exe with the /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation switch:
  • To set a list of TCP/IP addresses of DNS servers that have permission to automatically create NS records for a zone, use the dnscmd servername /config zonename /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation IPList command. For example:
    Dnscmd NS1 /config zonename.com /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation 10.1.1.1 10.5.4.2
  • To clear the list of TCP/IP addresses of DNS servers that have permission to automatically create NS records for a zone and return the zone to the default state when every primary DNS server automatically adds to a zone an NS record corresponding to it, use the dnscmd servername /config zonename /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation command. For example:
    Dnscmd NS1 /config zonename.com /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation
  • To query the list of TCP/IP addresses of DNS servers that have permission to automatically create NS records for a zone, use the dnscmd servername /zoneinfo zonename /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation command. For example:
    Dnscmd NS1 /zoneinfo zonename.com /AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation
NOTE: Run this command on only one DNS server. Active Directory replication propagates the changes to all DNS servers that are running on DCs in the same domain.

In an environment in which the majority of the DNS DCs for a domain are located in branch offices and a few are located in a central location, you may want to use the Dnscmd command described earlier in this article to set the IPList to include only the centrally located DNS DCs. By doing so, only the centrally located DNS DCs add their respective NS records to the Active Directory domain zone.

Method 2

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

If you want to choose which DNS server does not add NS records corresponding to themselves to any Active Directory-integrated DNS zone, use Registry Editor (Regedt32.exe) to configure the following registry value on each affected DNS server:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\DNS\Parameters

Registry value: DisableNSRecordsAutoCreation
Data type: REG_DWORD
Data range: 0x0 | 0x1
Default value: 0x0
This value affects all Active Directory-integrated DNS zones. The values have the following meanings:
Value   Meaning
----------------------------------------------------------------------
  0     DNS server automatically creates NS records for all Active 
        Directory-integrated DNS zones unless any zone, that is hosted
        by the server, contains the AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation 
        attribute (described earlier in this article) that does not 
        include the server. In this situation, the server uses the 
        AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation configuration.

   1    DNS server does not automatically create NS records for all 
        Active Directory-integrated DNS zones, regardless of the 
        AllowNSRecordsAutoCreation configuration in the Active 
        Directory-integrated DNS zones.
					
NOTE: Windows 2000 does not add this value to the registry. To apply the changes to this value, you must restart the DNS Server service.

If you want to prevent certain DNS servers from adding their corresponding NS records to Active Directory-integrated DNS zones that they host, you can use the DisableNSRecordsAutoCreation registry value described earlier in this article.

Note that if the DisableNSRecordsAutoCreation registry value is set to 0x1, none of the Active Directory-integrated DNS zones hosted by that DNS server will contain its NS records. Therefore, if this server must add its own NS record to at least one Active Directory-integrated DNS zone that it hosts, do not set the registry value to 0x1.

Netlogon Fix

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

The Netlogon portion of this hotfix gives administrators greater control as described earlier in this article. You should apply the fix to every DC. Also, to prevent a DC from attempting dynamic updates of certain DNS records that by default are dynamically updated by Netlogon, use Regedt32.exe to configure the following registry value:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Netlogon\Parameters

Registry value: DnsAvoidRegisterRecords
Data type: REG_MULTI_SZ
In this value, specify the list of mnemonics corresponding to the DNS records that should not be registered by this DC. NOTE: Set the value to the list of the enter-delimited mnemonics that are specified in the following table. The list of mnemonics includes:
Mnemonic         Type  DNS Record
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
LdapIpAddress    A     <DnsDomainName>
Ldap             SRV   _ldap._tcp.<DnsDomainName>
LdapAtSite       SRV   _ldap._tcp.<SiteName>._sites.<DnsDomainName>
Pdc              SRV   _ldap._tcp.pdc._msdcs.<DnsDomainName>
Gc               SRV   _ldap._tcp.gc._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
GcAtSite         SRV   _ldap._tcp.<SiteName>._sites.gc._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
DcByGuid         SRV   _ldap._tcp.<DomainGuid>.domains._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
GcIpAddress      A     gc._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
DsaCname         CNAME <DsaGuid>._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
Kdc              SRV   _kerberos._tcp.dc._msdcs.<DnsDomainName>
KdcAtSite        SRV    _kerberos._tcp.dc._msdcs.<SiteName>._sites.<DnsDomainName>
Dc               SRV   _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.<DnsDomainName>
DcAtSite         SRV   _ldap._tcp.<SiteName>._sites.dc._msdcs.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510Kdc       SRV   _kerberos._tcp.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510KdcAtSite SRV   _kerberos._tcp.<SiteName>._sites.<DnsDomainName>
GenericGc        SRV   _gc._tcp.<DnsForestName>
GenericGcAtSite  SRV   _gc._tcp.<SiteName>._sites.<DnsForestName>
Rfc1510UdpKdc    SRV   _kerberos._udp.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510Kpwd      SRV   _kpasswd._tcp.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510UdpKpwd   SRV   _kpasswd._udp.<DnsDomainName>
				
NOTE: Windows 2000 does not add this value to the registry, and it is not necessary to restart the Netlogon service. If the DnsAvoidRegisterRecords registry value is created or modified while the Netlogon service is stopped or within the first 15 minutes after Netlogon is started, appropriate DNS updates take place with a short delay (however, the delay is no later than 15 minutes after Netlogon starts).

DNS registrations of A records performed by Netlogon can be also be modified by using the RegisterDnsARecords registry value. For more information how to do so, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
246804 How to enable or disable DNS updates in Windows 2000 and in Windows Server 2003
Be aware that the DnsAvoidRegisterRecords registry value settings take precedence over the RegisterDnsARecords registry value settings with regard to not registering the host (A) record:
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords contains LdapIpAddress GcIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x1
    In this case, both are not registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords contains GcIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x1
    In this case, LdapIpAddress is registered, and GcIpAddress is not registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords contains LdapIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x1
    In this case, LdapIpAddress is not registered, and GcIpAddress is registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords does not contain LdapIpAddress GcIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x1
    In this case, both are registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords contains LdapIpAddress GcIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x0
    In this case, both are not registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords contains GcIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x0
    In this case, both are not registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords contains LdapIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x0
    In this case, both are not registered.
  • DnsAvoidRegisterRecords does not contain LdapIpAddress GcIpAddress
    RegisterDnsARecords = 0x0
    In this case, both are not registered.
To prevent the problem described earlier in this article from occurring in an environment in which a set of DCs and/or global catalog (GC) servers are located in a central location and a large number of the DCs and/or GC servers are located in branch offices, the administrator can disable registration of some of the DNS records by Netlogon on the DCs/GCs in the branch offices. In this situation, the list of mnemonics that should not be registered includes:
DC-specific records:

Mnemonic        Type  DNS Record
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
LdapIpAddress   A    <DnsDomainName>
Ldap            SRV  _ldap._tcp.<DnsDomainName>
DcByGuid        SRV  _ldap._tcp.<DomainGuid>.domains._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
Kdc             SRV  _kerberos._tcp.dc._msdcs.<DnsDomainName>
Dc              SRV  _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510Kdc      SRV  _kerberos._tcp.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510UdpKdc   SRV  _kerberos._udp.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510Kpwd     SRV  _kpasswd._tcp.<DnsDomainName>
Rfc1510UdpKpwd  SRV  _kpasswd._udp.<DnsDomainName>
 
GC-specific records:

Mnemonic        Type  DNS Record
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gc              SRV  _ldap._tcp.gc._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
GcIpAddress     A    gc._msdcs.<DnsForestName>
GenericGc       SRV  _gc._tcp.<DnsForestName>
				
Note that these lists do not include the site-specific records. Therefore, DCs and GC servers in branch offices are located by site-specific records that are usually used by a DC locator. If a program searches for a DC/GC by using generic (non-site-specific) records such as any of the records in the lists that are listed earlier in this article, it finds a DC/GC in the central location.

An administrator may also choose to limit the number of the DC locator records such as SRV and A records registered by Netlogon for the same generic DNS name (_ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.DomainName), even in a scenario with fewer than 800 DCs in the same domain, to reduce the size of DNS responses to queries for such records.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section. This problem was first corrected in Windows 2000 Service Pack 2.

MORE INFORMATION

Every DNS server that is authoritative for an Active Directory-integrated DNS zone adds a NS record. By default, every DC in a domain registers a SRV record for a set of non-site-specific names such as "_ldap._tcp.domain_name" and A record(s) that map(s) the Active Directory DNS domain name to the TCP/IP address(es) of the DC. When a DNS server tries to write a record after approximately 800 records with the same shared name, Local Security Authority (LSA) runs at 100 percent CPU usage for approximately 10 seconds and the registration does not succeed. Netlogon retries this registration every hour; the 100 percent CPU usage spike reappears at least once an hour and the attempted registrations do not succeed.

For more information about how to install Windows 2000 and Windows 2000 hotfixes at the same time, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
249149 Installing Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows 2000 hotfixes

Properties

Article ID: 267855 - Last Review: April 15, 2010 - Revision: 4.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
Keywords: 
kbhotfixserver kbqfe kbbug kbdns kbenv kberrmsg kbfix kbnetwork kbwin2000presp2fix KB267855

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