Backups fails with VSS Event ID 12292 and 11 on Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2

Article ID: 2009513 - View products that this article applies to.
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Symptoms

On Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2, a backup operation using Windows Server Backup or a third-party backup application fails.

In the System event log, the following event is logged:

Log Name: System
Source: Service Control Manager
Event ID:      7023
Level:         Error
Description:
The Microsoft Software Shadow Copy Provider service terminated with the following error:
The system cannot find the file specified.

In the Application event log, the following events are logged:

Log Name:      Application
Source:        VSS
Event ID:      12292
Level:         Error
Description:
Volume Shadow Copy Service error: Error creating the Shadow Copy Provider COM class with CLSID {65ee1dba-8ff4-4a58-ac1c-3470ee2f376a} [0x80080005].

Operation:
   Obtain a callable interface for this provider
   Obtaining provider management interface

Context:
   Provider ID: {b5946137-7b9f-4925-af80-51abd60b20d5}
   Class ID: {00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000}
   Snapshot Context: -1
   Provider ID: {b5946137-7b9f-4925-af80-51abd60b20d5}

Log Name:      Application
Source:        VSS
Event ID:      11
Level:         Error
Description:
Volume Shadow Copy Service information: The COM Server with CLSID {65ee1dba-8ff4-4a58-ac1c-3470ee2f376a} and name SW_PROV cannot be started. Most likely the CPU is under heavy load. [0x80080005]

Operation:
   Obtain a callable interface for this provider
   Obtaining provider management interface

Context:
   Provider ID: {b5946137-7b9f-4925-af80-51abd60b20d5}
   Class ID: {00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000}
   Snapshot Context: -1
   Provider ID: {b5946137-7b9f-4925-af80-51abd60b20d5}

On Windows Server 2008, if Windows Server Backup was used to perform the backup, the backup operation fails with one of the following errors:

Failed to create the shadow copy on the storage location.
ERROR - Volume Shadow Copy Service operation error (0x8004230f)
The shadow copy provider had an unexpected error while trying to process the specified operation.

Or

The creation of the shadow copy on the backup destination failed.
The volume shadow copy operation failed with error 0x8004230F.
View the event log for more information.

On Windows Server 2008 R2, if Windows Server Backup was used to perform the backup, the backup operation fails with one of the following errors:

Windows Backup failed to create the shadow copy on the storage location.

Or

The creation of the shadow copy on the backup storage destination failed.

Cause

This issue can occur if the ServiceDll registry value for Swprv is missing or incorrect.

Resolution

To resolve this issue, perform the following steps:

1. Click Start, type regedit in the Start Search box, and hit Enter.

2. Locate and then click the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\swprv\Parameters

Note: If the Parameters registry key is missing, perform the following steps:

Right-click the swprv registry key, select New, select Key, type Parameters and hit Enter.

3. Once the Parameters registry key is selected, verify that the ServiceDll registry value has the following value:

%Systemroot%\System32\swprv.dll

Note: If the ServiceDll registry value is missing, perform the following steps:

a. Right-click the Parameters registry key, select New, and then select Expandable String Value.
b. For the value name, type ServiceDll and hit Enter.
c. Double-click the ServiceDll registry value.
d. In the Value Data box, type %Systemroot%\System32\swprv.dll, and then click OK.

4. Perform a backup operation to verify that the issue is resolved.

Note This is a "FAST PUBLISH" article created directly from within the Microsoft support organization. The information contained herein is provided as-is in response to emerging issues. As a result of the speed in making it available, the materials may include typographical errors and may be revised at any time without notice. See Terms of Use for other considerations.

Properties

Article ID: 2009513 - Last Review: January 20, 2010 - Revision: 2.0
APPLIES TO
  • Windows Essential Business Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows HPC Server 2008
  • Windows HPC Server 2008 R2
  • Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Small Business Server 2008 Premium
  • Windows Small Business Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Web Server 2008
  • Windows Web Server 2008 R2
Keywords: 
KB2009513

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