# XL2000: How to Programmatically Sum Only the Visible Cells in a Range

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## SUMMARY

In Microsoft Excel, you can use a Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications custom function to sum only the visible cells in a range.

The SUM() worksheet function totals all the cells in a range, including hidden cells.

The SUBTOTAL() worksheet function ignores hidden rows only if they are part of a filtered list that was created using the AutoFilter or Advanced Filter command.

This article describes how to create the custom function Sum_Visible_Cells() which sums only the visible cells in a range.

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific needs.
If you have limited programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft Certified Partner or Microsoft Advisory Services. For more information, visit these Microsoft Web sites:

Microsoft Certified Partners - https://partner.microsoft.com/global/30000104

For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site:http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;EN-US;CNTACTMS To create and use a sample a sample Visual Basic function to sum only visible cells in a range, use the steps in the following example:
1. Start Excel, and then press ALT+F11 to start the Visual Basic editor.
2. On the Insert menu, click Module.
3. In the module sheet enter the following sample code:
```Function Sum_Visible_Cells(Cells_To_Sum As Object) Application.Volatile For Each cell In Cells_To_Sum If cell.Rows.Hidden = False Then If cell.Columns.Hidden = False Then total = total + cell.Value End If End If Next Sum_Visible_Cells = total End Function ```
```   A1: 1   B1: 2
A2: 2   B2: 4
A3: 3   B3: 6
A4: 4   B4: 8
A5: 5   B5: 10
```
6. Select Row 3.
7. On the Format menu, point to Row, and then click Hide.

Row 3 disappears.
8. In cell A6, type the following formula:
=Sum(A1:B5)
The formula returns 45, the sum of all of the cells including the hidden cells.
9. In cell A7, type the following formula:
=Sum_Visible_Cells(A1:A5)
The formula returns 36, the sum of only the visible cells.
NOTE: If you hide or unhide cells after you enter the formula into the worksheet, the formula will not recalculate automatically. You can make the formulas recalculate if Calculation is set to Automatic (click Options on the Tools menu) and you take any of the following actions:
• You edit any cell on the sheet.

-or-
• You press F9, which forces a recalculation.

-or-
• You close the workbook.

## Properties

Article ID: 213313 - Last Review: November 23, 2006 - Revision: 3.5
##### APPLIES TO
• Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition
##### Keywords:
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