How to implement a thread-pooled apartment model COM Server in ATL

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 244495 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q244495
Expand all | Collapse all

SUMMARY

The Microsoft Active Template Library (ATL) allows you to define a pool of STA threads in an ATL out of process server with each object created running on its own thread. The steps in the "More Information" section of this article shows how to do this.

MORE INFORMATION

The following steps are needed to create objects out of a thread pool:
  1. Derive your CExeModule or CServiceModule class from:
    CComAutoThreadModule<>
    					
    CExeModule : public CComAutoThreadModule<>
    					
  2. Declare DECLARE_CLASSFACTORY_AUTO_THREAD() in each ATL class that can be run on an STA pool thread
  3. Declare DECLARE_NOT_AGGREGATABLE() in each ATL class that can be run on an STA pool thread
    DECLARE_NOT_AGGREGATABLE(CMyPooledObject)
    					
  4. Change the module CExeModule::Unlock() or CServiceModule::Unlock() method to call:
    CComAutoThreadModule<>::Unlock()
    						
    LONG CExeModule::Unlock()
    {
       LONG l = CComAutoThreadModule<>::Unlock();
       if (l == 0)
       {
         bActivity = true;
         SetEvent(hEventShutdown); // tell monitor that we transitioned to zero
       }
       return l;
    }
    						
If this is being done for a service, you will need to do one more step. Change the following code from:
inline void CServiceModule::Init(_ATL_OBJMAP_ENTRY* p, HINSTANCE h, UINT nServiceNameID, const GUID* plibid)
{
   CComModule::Init(p, h, plibid);
				
to:
inline void CServiceModule::Init(_ATL_OBJMAP_ENTRY* p, HINSTANCE h, UINT nServiceNameID, const GUID* plibid)
{
   CComAutoThreadModule<>::Init(p, h, plibid);
				
By default, ATL creates a pool of four threads per processor. You can change this in the _Module.Init() call in the tWinMain() function call by specifying the number of threads in the optional forth parameter. By default, CComAutoThreadModule uses CComSimpleThreadAllocator as the thread allocator. CComSimpleThreadAllocator uses a simple round robin scheme to creating objects in the thread pool.

REFERENCES

For more information lookup DECLARE_CLASS_FACTORY_AUTO_THREAD() and CComAutoThreadModule and the Microsoft Developer's Network (MSDN).

For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
202128 FIX: ATL EXE server based on CComAutoThreadModule may hang on registration

Properties

Article ID: 244495 - Last Review: May 26, 2005 - Revision: 3.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft ActiveX Template Library 3.0, when used with:
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++, 32-bit Learning Edition 6.0
Keywords: 
kbhowto kbthread kbservice kbarchitecture kblocalsvr KB244495

Give Feedback

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com