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How to set, view, change, or remove special permissions for files and folders in Windows XP
Article ID: 308419 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q308419
To continue receiving security updates for Windows, make sure you're running Windows XP with Service Pack 3 (SP3).
For more information, refer to this Microsoft web page: Support is ending for some versions of Windows
|Special Permissions||Full Control||Modify||Read & Execute||List Folder Contents||Read||Write|
|Traverse Folder/Execute File||yes||yes||yes||yes||no||no|
|List Folder/Read Data||yes||yes||yes||yes||yes||no|
|Read Extended Attributes||yes||yes||yes||yes||yes||no|
|Create Files/Write Data||yes||yes||no||no||no||yes|
|Create Folders/Append Data||yes||yes||no||no||no||yes|
|Write Extended Attributes||yes||yes||no||no||no||yes|
|Delete Subfolders and Files||yes||no||no||no||no||no|
IMPORTANT: Groups or users who are granted Full Control on a folder can delete any files in that folder regardless of the permissions that protect the file.
Note Although the List Folder Contents and the Read & Executefolder permissions appear to have the same special permissions, these permissions are inherited differently. List Folder Contents is inherited by folders but not files and it only appears when you view folder permissions. Read & Execute is inherited by both files and folders and is always present when you view file or folder permissions.
Note In Windows XP Professional, the Everyone group does not include the Anonymous Logon group.
For files: The Execute File permission allows or denies access to program files that are running.
If you set the Traverse Folder permission on a folder, the Execute File permission is not automatically set on all files in that folder.
The Read Data permission applies only to files and allows or denies the user from viewing data in files.
The Write Data permission applies only to files and allows or denies the user from making changes to the file and overwriting existing content by NTFS.
The Append Data permission applies only to files and allows or denies the user from making changes to the end of the file but not from changing, deleting, or overwriting existing data .
The Write Attributes permission does not imply that you can create or delete files or folders,. It includes only the permission to make changes to the attributes of a file or folder. To allow or to deny create or delete operations, see Create Files/Write Data, Create Folders/Append Data, Delete Subfolders and Files, and Delete.
The Write Extended Attributes permission does not imply that the user can create or delete files or folders, it includes only the permission to make changes to the attributes of a file or folder. To allow or to deny create or delete operations, view the Create Files/Write Data, Create Folders/Append Data, Delete Subfolders and Files, and Delete sections in this article.
- Click Start, click My Computer, and then locate the file or folder where you want to set special permissions.
- Right-click the file or folder, click Properties, and then click the Security tab.
- Click Advanced, and then use one of the following steps:
- To set special permissions for an additional group or user, click Add, and then in Name box, type the name of the user or group, and then click OK.
- To view or change special permissions for an existing group or user, click the name of the group or user, and then click Edit.
- To remove an existing group or user and the special permissions, click the name of the group or user, and then click Remove. If the Remove button is unavailable, click to clear the Inherit from parent the permission entries that apply to child objects. Include these with entries explicitly defined here check box, click Remove, and then skip steps 4 and 5.
- In the Permissions box, click to select or click to clear the appropriate Allow or Deny check box.
- In the Apply onto box, click the folders or subfolders where you want these permissions applied.
- To configure security so that the subfolders and files do not inherit these permissions, click to clear the Apply these permissions to objects and/or containers within this container only check box.
- Click OK two times, and then click OK in the Advanced Security Settings for FolderName box, where FolderName is the folder name.
Important: If you are not joined to a domain and you want to view the Security tab:
- Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
- Click Appearance and Themes, and then click Folder Options.
- Click the View tab, and then click to clear the Use simple file sharing [Recommended] check box in the Advanced settings box.
- The Everyone group does not include the Anonymous Logon permission in Windows XP.
- If you click to select the Inherit from parent the permission entries that apply to child objects. Include these with entries explicitly defined here check box, the file or folder inherits permission entries from the parent object.
- You can set permissions only on drives that are formatted to use NTFS .
- If the check boxes in the Permissions box are not available, the permissions are inherited from the parent folder.
- To change permissions, you must be the owner or have permission to change permissions by the owner.
- Groups or users who have Full Control permissions for a folder can delete the files and the subfolders in that folder, regardless of the permissions that protect the files and the subfolders.
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