Function to compute average without high and low values

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 108280 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q108280
Expand all | Collapse all

On This Page


For statistical purposes, you may want to calculate the average of a sample excluding its highest and lowest values. In Microsoft Excel, you can create the following formula to calculate an average after excluding the highest and lowest values:
NOTE: You must include the parentheses the way they appear in the above formula so that the function is computed in the right order.


Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. Following is a sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications function that incorporates the formula described in the "Summary" section of this article.

Sample Visual Basic procedure

   Function HiLoAverage(region) As Variant
      With Application
         HiLoAverage = (.Sum(region) - .Max(region) - .Min(region)) / _
            (.Count(region) - 2)
      End With
   End Function


"Visual Basic Language Reference," version 3.0, page 231

"Visual Basic User's Guide," version 5.0, pages 50-51

Microsoft Excel 97 and Microsoft Excel 98

For more information about using custom functions, click the Index tab/button in Microsoft Excel 97 Help or MS Excel Help, type the following text
functions, overview
and then double-click the selected text to go to the "About user-defined functions" topic.

Microsoft Excel 7.0

For more information about using custom functions, click the Index tab in Microsoft Excel 7.0 Help, type the following text
functions, user-defined
and then double-click the selected text to go to the "Writing a user- defined worksheet function" topic.

Microsoft Excel 5.0 for Windows and Macintosh

For more information about using custom functions, click the Search button in Help, and type:
user-defined functions
Click the Show Topics button, select the topic "Overview of Creating a User-Defined Function", and click Go To.


Article ID: 108280 - Last Review: October 16, 2006 - Revision: 2.3
  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 98 for Macintosh
kbdtacode kbhowto kbprogramming KB108280
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

Give Feedback


Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from