NetBIOS ??? ????? ????? TCP/IP ? WINS

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 119493 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

NetBIOS ??? TCP/IP ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ????? IP ????? ????? (NETBT.SYS ?? Windows NT) ? VNBT.VXD ?? Windows Worgroups ? Windows 95. ?? ???? ?????? ????? NetBIOS ??? TCP/IP ?????? ????? ???: b ???? ? ?????? p ???? m ? h ??????.

??????? ????

?????? B

??? ??????? ???? b, ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? TCP/IP ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? IP ????? ????? ????? "?????" ? "??? ????????? ???? ? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ????. ????? ??? ?????? B ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? reliance ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ????.

????? Microsoft ?????? B

?????? TCP/IP ????????? ?? Microsoft Windows NT ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ???? b. ????? Microsoft ???? ??? ??? ???? b ???????? ???????:

  • ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? LMHOSTS ??????, ??? ??? ??? NetBIOS ????? IP.
  • ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? (???? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? b) ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? IP ????? ??.
  • ???????? ????? ???? ????? (??? ??? ???? Windows NT) ????? LMHOSTS ?? ?????? \<winnt_root>\system32\drivers\etc

?????? P (?? ???? ???? ??? ????)

??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? p, ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? NetBIOS ??? ?????? (NBNS) ??? ????? ?????. NBNS ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? IP ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????. ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? IP NBNS ? ??? ?????? ???? WINS. ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? IP ?????? ?????? NBNS ? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? p.

?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? p ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? (UDP) ???? ?????? TCP ??????? ?? ?? NBNS.

?????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? p ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? NBNS ? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???????.

???? M (?? ???? ??????)

?????? ???? M ?????? ???? b ?????? p ?????? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? b ?? p-?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? (LAN). ????? ???? M ?????? ??? ?????? p ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? NBNS ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? b.

M-???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? b ??? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? (WAN) ???? M ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???????.

???? H (?? ???? ?????)

??? ??? ???? H ?????? ?? RFC ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? b ? ?????? p, ??? ??? ?????? ???? b ??? ??? ????. ??? ????? ???????? ???? h, ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? p ?? ?????? ???? b ??? ??? ??? ?????? p. ???????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ????? LMHOSTS ??? ??? ?????? p ???? ?????? ???? b.

?? ????? ??? ???? H ??????? ?????? p ??????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? b ???? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? p. ?? ???? ??? ????? NBNS ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? b ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? NBNS ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? p ??? NBNS ???? ???????.

????? ??? WINS

???? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? WINS ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? h-????? ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? h ??? ?? ??? ??????????. ???:

  • ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??????.
  • ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????. ??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? 10 ?????.
  • ???? ???? WINS.
  • ???? ????.
  • ???? ?? ????? LMHOSTS ??? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? LMHOSTS ?? ?????.
  • ???? ???? ????? ?? DNS ? ??? ??? ?????.

???????

???? ???????: 119493 - ????? ??? ??????: 11/????/1424 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95
  • Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows for Workgroups 3.11
  • Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows for Workgroups 3.11a
  • Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows for Workgroups 3.11b
????? ??????: 
kbmt KB119493 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????119493

????? ???????

 

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