Enable Word Processing Converter Capabilities and Limitations

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SUMMARY

The table below provides a summary of features which are supported for export and import between Enable word processing documents and Microsoft Word. These features are supported by both the 16 and 32-bit versions of the converter, designed for use with Word 6.x and Word 7.0 respectively. For more details about conversion limitations mentioned in this summary, see the Import of Enable to Word and Export of Word to Enable sections that follow the table.

Features are organized by type formatting: character, paragraph, section, document, and other. "Yes" means the feature exists in both products and is converted from one product to the other. "No" means the feature is not converted from one product to the other either because of limitations or that feature does not exist in the destination product. "N/S" means the feature is not supported in the source product and therefore not converted.
                 ENABLE                       WORD
FORMATTING       TO                           TO
FEATURE          WORD                         ENABLE
==========       ======                       ======

Character Formatting
--------------------

All Caps         N/S.                         Converted to normal text in
                                              all capital letters.

Bold             Yes.                         Yes.

Colors           N/S.                         No.

Condense/        N/S.                         No.
Expand

Extended         Yes. (See "Extended          Yes. (See "Extended
Characters       Characters" under "Import    Characters" under "Export of
                 of Enable into Word" for     Word to Enable" for more
                 information.)                information.)

Fonts            Yes.                         Limited since Window's
                                              printer drivers usually are
                                              more complete than those used
                                              in Enable. Font changes in
                                              Word due to style changes are
                                              not exported. Also, font
                                              changes in multiple columns
                                              are not exported to Enable
                                              3.0 or 4.0. (See "Fonts and
                                              Rulers" under "Export of Word
                                              to Enable" for more
                                              information.)

Hidden           N/S.                         Converted to Enable comment.

Italic           Yes.                         Yes.

Kerning          N/S.                         No.

Language         N/S.                         No.

Small Caps       N/S.                         Converted to normal text in
                                              all capital letters.

Strikethrough/   Yes (converted to dashes).   Yes, except for strikethrough
Overstrike                                    contained in multiple
                                              columns.

Superscript/     S/S only. (Enable doesn't    Raised/Lowered is converted
Subscript -      support Raised/Lowered)      to S/S. Also, the underline
Raised/Lowered                                is removed from underlined
                                              superscript or subscript.

Underline        Yes.                         Yes, with the exception of
                                              underline on a word-by-word
                                              basis.

Paragraph Properties
--------------------

Alignment        Yes. (See "Text Flow and     Yes
                 Text Alignment" under
                 "Import of Enable into Word"
                 for more information.)

Borders/         N/S.                         No.
Shading

Bullets/         N/S.                         Converted to text items.
Numbering

Hyphenation      Yes, with exception of       Yes.
                 hyphenation zones within
                 an Enable document.

Indents          Yes.                         Yes.

Keep Lines       Yes.                         Yes.
Together

Keep with Next   Yes.                         Yes.

Line Spacing     Yes. (Only the last line     Limited. "Before" and "after"
                 space setting in an Enable   spacing for paragraphs is not
                 paragraph is imported.)      exported. Also, proportional
                                              fonts may format improperly
                                              when exported to Enable 3.0
                                              or 4.0. (See "Line Spacing"
                                              under "Export of Word to
                                              Enable" for more
                                              information.)

Page Breaks      Yes.                         Yes.

Rulers           Yes.                         Yes. (See "Rulers" in "Export
                                              of Word to Enable" for some
                                              limitations.)

Styles           N/S.                          No.

Tabs             Yes. (Some alignment tabs     Yes, except tab leaders.
                 may be adjusted to            (Some alignment tabs may be
                 accommodate product           adjusted to accommodate
                 differences.)                 product differences.)

Widow/Orphan     Yes.                         Yes.
Control

Section Properties
------------------

Columns          Yes.                         Yes. (Gutter widths less than
                                              .2" are set to .2".) (See
                                              "Columns" under "Export of
                                              Word to Enable" and see
                                              "Converter Options" for more
                                              information.)

Document Title   Converted to standard text   N/S.
                 followed by a page break
                 at beginning of document.

Endnotes         N/S.                         Converted to Enable
                                              footnotes.

Footnotes        Yes. (Long footnotes may     Yes. (Long footnotes may be
                 be formatted differently.)   formatted differently.) (See
                 (See "Footnotes" under       "Footnotes" under "Export of
                 "Import of Enable into       Word to Enable" concerning
                 Word" concerning footnotes   nonnumeric footnotes.)
                 at the end of a document.)

Headers/         Yes.                         Yes.
Footers

Line Numbering   Yes.                         Yes.

Vertical         N/S.                         No.
Alignment

Document Properties
-------------------

Margins          Yes.                         Yes.

Orientation      Yes.                         Yes, except for orientation
                                              changes within a document.

Paper size       Yes.                         Yes.

Other Features
--------------

Annotations -    N/S.                         No.
Text

Draw/            N/S.                         No.
Paint Frames

Drawing Layer    N/S.                         No.

Fields/          Yes, with exception of       Page, Date, Time, TC, XE,
Embedded         printer "percent" commands.  and Includetext fields are
Commands                                      converted to equivalent
                                              Page, Date, Time, embedded
                                              command. All other fields are
                                              converted to text.

Frames           N/S.                         No.

Graphics         No.                          No.

Index            Yes.                         Yes.

Master           N/S.                         No.
Documents

OLE Objects      N/S.                         No.

Outlines         Converted to Word's          The display and printing will
                 bullets/numbering            appear different. (See
                 (including blank lines in    "Outlines" under "Export of
                 Enable outline.) (See        Word to Enable" for more
                 "Outlines" under "Import     information.)
                 of Enable into Word" for
                 more information.)



Revision         N/S.                         Latest version of revisions
Marking                                       converted to static text.

Tables           To tabbed text.              To side-by-side columns in
                                              Enable 4.5; to a single
                                              column in Enable 3.0 and 4.0.
                                              Tables in headers, footers,
                                              and footnotes are not
                                              converted. (See "Tables"
                                              under "Export of Word to
                                              Enable" and "Converter
                                              Options" for more
                                              information.)

TOA              Converted to comments;       References are not converted,
                 spade reference marks are    and the compiled TOA will
                 discarded.                   appear as standard text.

TOC              Yes. (See "TOC" under        Yes. (See "TOC" under "Export
                 "Import of Enable into       of Word to Enable" for more
                 Word" for more information.) information.)

IMPORT OF ENABLE INTO WORD

In general, Enable word processing documents can be imported to Word with minimal impact on the document and its formatting features. Modifications that you should anticipate, as well as the few conversion limitations that do exist, are discussed in the feature summary that follows.

Bold
See Character Attributes.
Character Attributes
All character attributes such as bold, italic, superscript, subscript, and underline are imported as expected.
Columns
Enable's snaking and side-by-side columns are imported as expected.
Document Titles
Enable's Document Title will appear on the first page as standard text followed by a page break when imported to Word.
Embedded Commands (%Commands)
Enable's %ALT is converted to Word's different odd and even header and footer feature.

Enable's %LNUM is converted to Word's line numbering feature.

The following %commands are converted to the following Word field codes:
      Enable     Word
      %Command   Field Code
      --------   ----------
      %DATE      DATE
      %NUMDATE   DATE
      %TIME      TIME
      %INCLUDE   INCLUDETEXT
The embedded command %INCLUDE (used to include an external file) is converted to Word's INCLUDETEXT field code. In the Word document, this appears on screen as "%INCLUDE xxx", where xxx is the name of the "included" file. To load (or refresh) the contents of the included file, position the insertion point on %INCLUDE and press F9.

All printer-related "%commands" are ignored during import.
Extended Characters
Enable special characters are supported in Word through the Symbol function found on the Insert menu. During conversion, all special characters are transferred to the closest matching character in either the Symbol or MS LineDraw fonts supported by this Symbol function. A point size is assigned to each according to the size set in the Enable document.
Fonts
When an Enable document is imported, character type face, point size and attribute (for example, bold and italic) are mapped based on the default Windows printer.
Footnotes
Enable has an option that allows a single footnote to be continued at the bottom of the following page. Word does not process the text of long footnotes in the same way. As a result, an imported Enable document with a footnote that continues from one page to another is formatted differently.

The Enable option to save footnotes at the end of a document results in footnotes being printed on a separate page. When imported into Word, the footnotes will begin where the text of the document ends.
Graphics
The conversion utility does not import pictures and graphs contained within an Enable document.
Hyphenation
See "Rulers."
Indents
See "Text Flow and Text Alignment."
Indexes
Enable and Word provide similar but different functionality for indexes. In Enable, index terms can be created in two ways. One method is to insert an index special entry by selecting TOOLS, INDEX, INSERT and keying the index term into the "special" area. The second approach is to apply the Enable index attribute to the characters of the index term. This is done in a way similar to applying an italic or bold attribute to text. The first method does not show the index term in the body of the printed document, the second does.

When Enable compiles the index, it creates a new document containing only the compiled index. This index document is a standard Enable file and is generally given an extension of WPI. In most cases, the Enable user places an %INCLUDE filename command at the start of the original document to cause the index document to be printed. In other cases, the user may use the interwindow-copy function to copy the contents of the index document into the original document.

Unlike Enable, Word does not create a separate document when the index is compiled. In Word, the user selects one of the INSERT options to cause the index to be created and inserted into the original document.

Each %INCLUDE filename command in an Enable document is converted into a field in the Word document, specifically the INCLUDE TEXT field. As a result, the Enable-generated index document is printed by Word as expected. Also, if the index document was interwindow-copied into the original document, it displays and prints as expected.

During the conversion process, an XE field is inserted into the Word document for all index entries found in the Enable document. These can readily be used by Word to compile a new index.

Italics
See "Character Attributes."
Line Numbering
Occasionally with an imported Enable document, line numbering does not appear when printed or displayed in page preview in Word. This can occur because of differences in ruler structure between Word and Enable. The problem can be corrected by moving the left margin in Word to the right using the Page Setup command.
Line Spacing
Because Word allows only one line-space setting per paragraph, only the last line-space setting used in a paragraph in Enable is retained.
Outlines
Enable's outlines (including any blank lines within the outline) are imported as Word's bullets/numbering.
Overstrike
Enable's overstrike attribute are converted to dashes.
Passwords
Password-protected Enable files are not imported into Word. Remove the password in Enable first, and then import into Word.
Rulers
Word supports a single hyphenation zone that applies to an entire document. Enable permits the hyphenation zone to be reset with each ruler. Due to this difference, only the last hyphenation zone set within an Enable document is used to set the hyphenation zone in Word.

Alignment tabs consisting of several characters on an Enable ruler can be adjusted to accommodate implementation differences between Word and Enable. For example, if you have typed N's (for numeric tabs), or carets(^) (for centering), or X's (for alphanumerics) on an Enable ruler and the length of the item being aligned is greater than the number of alignment characters, then when imported into Word, the item adjusts to the left of where it aligned in Enable.
Superscript/Subscript
See "Character Attributes."
Table of Authorities
All Table of Authority entries are converted to Word's comments and the spade reference marks are discarded.
Table of Contents
Enable and Word provide similar but different functionality for table of contents (TOC). In Enable, a TOC entry is created by inserting a "special" TOC entry. This entry contains the TOC term plus codes that determine the level and the numbering to appear to the left of the term when Enable compiles the TOC and creates a new document containing the text of the TOC. This TOC document is a standard Enable WP file and is generally given an extension of .WPT.

In most cases, the Enable user places an %INCLUDE filename command in the beginning of the original document to cause the TOC document to be printed. In other cases, the user may use the interwindow-copy function to copy the contents of the TOC document into the original document.

In Word, TOC entries are generally created by applying a style to the entry. Word has a number of built-in styles for this purpose. The style applied to the entry determines its level (in the compiled table), the indenting, and other formatting needs. Alternatively, a Word user can insert a special field type (TC) for creating TOC entries.

Unlike Enable, Word does not create a separate document when the TOC is compiled. The Word user selects one of the INSERT options to cause the table to be created and inserted in the original document.

Each %INCLUDE filename command in an Enable document is converted to an "Include Text" field. As a result, the Enable-generated TOC document is printed by Word as expected. Also, if the table was interwindow-copied into the original document, it displays and prints as expected.

During the import, an XE field is inserted into the Word document for each TOC entry found in the Enable document. The text of the TOC entry is included within the body of the Word document. These XE fields can readily be used by Word to compile a new table.

The level assigned to the TOC entry is forwarded during the conversion process. However, Enable and Word have different methods of compiling and offer different features for providing any optional numbering to appear to the left of the term. These are product specific and not part of the conversion process. Word has many more options for formatting the TOC than does Enable.
Tables
Enable's tables, which are tabbed text, are imported into Word as tabbed text.
Tabs
See "Rulers."
Text Flow and Text Alignment
Enable does not flow text through its "special" text areas, such as comment text. When an Enable document is imported into Word, the text above and below any "specials" will appear as part of one paragraph.

Hanging indents in Enable that begin in the middle of a paragraph are preserved going to Word, but the indented portion acts like a separate paragraph. Centered and flushed right text is implemented in Enable 3.0/4.0 by inserting blanks before the text. These blanks are preserved during import. The text may not appear to be centered or flush right if the font is changed or if Word reformats the lines.
Underline
See "Character Attributes."

EXPORT OF WORD TO ENABLE

The export of Word documents into Enable 3.0, 4.0, and 4.5 format has conversion limitations due to differences in environment and product features. Enable operates in a non-graphical, text-based environment and Word operates in a graphical environment. Although text is not lost, in some cases the formatting information cannot be exported. As a result, the format of the document when opened in Enable may appear quite different. The conversion utility does not export the following Word features:

  • Annotations
  • Automatic Paragraph Numbering
  • Borders and Shading
  • Bullets/Line Numbers
  • Certain Symbols (see "Extended Characters")
  • Colors
  • Condense/Expand
  • Drawing Layer
  • Frames
  • Graphics
  • Kerning
  • Language
  • Mail Merge Information
  • Master Documents
  • OLE
  • Ruler Tabs, which are not part of Enable's feature set or operate differently in Enable
  • Spacing based on point size (such as between characters, lines, and paragraphs)
  • Special characters in the DOS range of 240-255
  • Styles
  • Table of Authorities
  • Vertical Alignment
The conversion limitations of the export of Word documents into Enable are discussed in the feature summary that follows.

All Caps
See "Character Attributes."
Bold
See "Character Attributes."
Bullets/Numbering
Word's bullets/numbering is exported to Enable's outline.
Character Attributes
All character attributes such as bold, italic, superscript, subscript, and underline are exported as expected with two exceptions. Enable cannot underline any subscript or superscript text. If this combination is used in Word, superscript takes precedence when the file is exported to Enable. Also, underline that is applied on a word-by-word basis is not exported. See "Fonts" for related information.

Word's raised/lowered functionality is converted to Enable's superscript/subscript. Word's small caps and all caps are converted to normal Enable text with capital letters. Any strikethrough in multiple columns is ignored.
Columns
Word's variable-width columns are exported as Enable's side-by-side columns in 4.5. For Enable 3.0 and 4.0, they are exported as single columns. For a method of exporting variable-width columns to Enable 4.0, see "Converter Options."

Word's fixed-width columns are exported as Enable's snaking columns. If the gutter width is less than .2 inch, the gutter width is set to Enable's minimum value of .2 inch. (In some cases, this may result in columns being shifted off the edge of the page.)

Any font changes in multiple columns are ignored for export to Enable 3.0 or 4.0.

Line numbering changes in multiple columns are ignored.

Any strikethrough in multiple columns is ignored.

Endnotes
Endnotes created in Word are exported to Enable as footnotes.
Extended Characters
Special characters (Word's Symbols) that are in the value range 240-255 of the DOS codepage are not exported. Those in the ranges of 0-15 and 127-239 are exported on a "best match" basis for the MS LineDraw font only. Characters that do not have an equivalent in the DOS codepage (for example, Wingdings) cannot be exported successfully.
Fields
Word's PAGE, DATE, TIME, INCLUDETEXT, TC, and XE fields are exported to the equivalent Enable feature. For all other Word fields, the text last associated with the field is displayed as standard text. All date fields display in month name, numeric day, and year format.
Fonts
The marked differences in font and printer support that exist between the text-based Enable versions and the Windows-based graphics-oriented Word are likely to have a significant impact on the printed appearance of a document that has been exported from Word to Enable. Among these differences are:
  • During export, Word's font information is mapped into codes understandable to the version of Enable selected by the user. The accuracy of this mapping is limited by the level to which Enable supports the default Window's printer. For example, if Enable did not support the scaleable font feature of the printer, then much of the point size information is not recorded in the exported document.
  • Font changes that occur due to style changes are not recognized by the export process.
  • Any font changes within multiple columns are ignored for export to Enable 3.0 or 4.0.
  • Word's TrueType fonts are mapped to an internal font of the Window's default printer if supported by Enable.
Footnotes
All non-numeric footnote references (which appear as a superscript text to the right of the reference text) are included in the export. However, Enable's sequential numeric values are inserted into the non-numeric references.

Enable has a feature that allows a single footnote to be continued at the bottom of the following page. Word does not process the text of long footnotes in the same way. As a result, an exported Word document with a long footnote is formatted a little differently.

In an Enable-created document, all footnotes are saved at the top of the document. However, in an exported Word document, instead of saving the footnotes at the top of the document, footnotes are saved as they are encountered within the Word document. This does not cause any problems when opening the exported document in Enable. However, such files should either be printed from within Enable word processing or be resaved in Enable before they are printed from the main menu in Enable.
Frames and Associated Text
In Word, text can be entered into a frame, which can be positioned and sized by the user. Since Enable does not have a corresponding feature, text within a Word frame may appear at unexpected positions on the page when the exported document is opened in Enable. Since graphics are not exported, the frame box is not included in the exported document.
Headers and Footers
If a header or footer is present in the Word document, the distance between the header/footer and the first/last line of text is set to .33 inch.
Hidden Text
Hidden text in Word is exported as an Enable Comment.
Indexes
Enable and Word provide similar but different functionality for indexes. In Enable, index terms can be created in two ways. One method is to insert a "Index Special" entry by selecting TOOLS, INDEX, INSERT and keying the index term into the "special" area. The second approach is to apply Enable's index attribute to the characters of the index term. This is done in a way similar to applying an italic or bold attribute to text. The first method does not show the index term in the body of the printed document; the second does.

When Enable compiles the index, it creates a new document containing just the text of the compiled index. The index document is a standard Enable file and is generally given an extension of .WPI.

During the export process, Enable does not automatically compile the index entries in the Word document and create a second Enable document containing the index information. All index terms in a Word document are exported to Enable's "Index Special" entry. These do not have Enable's "index character attribute" applied to the index term(s). However, the exported document includes the compiled indexes as standard text.
Italics
See "Character Attributes."
Line Spacing
Word has the capability to separate paragraphs by a specified number of points. Since Enable does not have this feature, such information is omitted in the export. As a result, any exported Word document containing spacing before and/or after paragraphs has different line spacing than the original, which may also affect pagination when the document is opened in Enable.

The 3.0 and 4.0 versions of Enable used the fixed number of positions on the ruler between the left and right margins to determine where lines should break. This behavior produces significant variations in text format, especially where proportional fonts have been exported from Word. Additionally, the use of large fonts on a line exported to these versions may produce overlap to previously printed lines. This is due to the fixed vertical spacing used in Enable 3.0 and 4.0. Use the %LINES command, change line spacing, or insert one or more blank lines above the overlapping line to correct such anomalies before printing.
Orientation
See "Page Setup."
Outlines
Enable and Word handle construction and formatting of text outlines in very different ways. Word treats each outline level with an implied hanging indentation. Enable does not. When outline text is exported, no text is lost, but the display and printing of the data will appear different than in the original Word document.
Page Breaks
Due to the differences in the way Word and Enable support fonts, the exported Word document is often paginated differently in Enable. The degree of difference varies, based on the level of support Enable provides for the default Window's printer. See "Fonts" for related information.
Page Setup The following information is not included in the exported document:

  • Print range
  • Lines per inch (always assumed to be automatic in Enable 4.5, and 6 lines per inch in Enable 3.0 and 4.0)
  • Text graphic density
  • Paper tray information
Changes in page orientation are not exported from Word to Enable. Enable prints the entire document in either landscape or portrait mode, depending on the initial setting in Word. Raised/Lowered
See "Character Attributes."
Rulers
Exported documents may contain extra rulers. This is due to the different way Enable and Word handle text flow such as hanging indents.

Alignment tabs (such as centering, decimal, and right) are adjusted to accommodate implementation differences between Word and Enable.

The ruler in Enable 3.0/4.0 indicates the maximum number of characters allowed on a line, not the maximum width of the characters in inches. The export converts Word's margins based upon 10 cpi. Whenever a proportional font or a fixed pitch font that is not 10 cpi is in use in the Word document, the corresponding area of the exported Enable document may require adjustment to the ruler.
Small Caps
See "Character Attributes."
Strikethrough
Strikethrough characters in Word are converted to the overstrike attribute in Enable. Strikethrough characters in multiple columns are ignored for all exports.
Superscript/Subscript
See "Character Attributes."
Table of Authorities
table of authorities (TOA) references are not converted. The compiled TOA from Word will appear in the Enable document as standard text.
Table of Contents
Enable and Word provide similar but different functionality for table of contents (TOC). In Enable, TOC entries are created by inserting a "special" TOC entry. This entry contains the TOC term plus codes that determine the level and the numbering to appear to the left of the term when Enable compiles the TOC and creates a new document containing the text of the TOC. This TOC document is a standard Enable WP file and is generally given an extension of .WPT.

In most cases, the Enable user places an %INCLUDE filename command at the start of the original document to cause the TOC document to be printed. In other cases, the user may use the interwindow-copy function to copy the contents of the TOC document into the original document.

In Word, TOC entries are generally created by applying a style to the entry. Word has a number of built-in styles for this purpose. The style applied to the entry determines its level (in the compiled table), the indenting, and other formatting needs. Alternatively, a Word user can insert a field type (TC) for TOC entries and a field type (TOC) for where the compiled table will appear in the document. Unlike Enable, Word does not created a separate document when the TOC is compiled. The Word user selects one of the INSERT options to cause the table to be created and inserted in the original document.

Only Word's TC fields are exported as table of contents entries. Text containing one of the Heading styles is not automatically treated as TOC entries.

All level information is retained in the exported document. No TOC style information is exported.
Tables
Word's tables are exported to Enable 4.5 as side-by-side columns. As this feature is not available in Enable 3.0, the tables are exported to a single column in that version. The default for export to Enable 4.0 is also a single column; however, see "Converter Options" for a method to convert tables to side-by-side columns in Enable 4.0.

Tables defined in headers, footers, and footnotes are not converted to side-by-side columns. Rather, a single space is inserted between the cells, maintaining the text in a row.
Tabs
See "Rulers."
Text Flow
Since Enable 3.0 does not have the capability to reformat the entire document with one command, files exported from Word to Enable 3.0 need to be reformatted manually. This is most quickly accomplished by going to each ruler within the document and pressing ALT/F6 and ENTER.
Underline
See "Character Attributes."

MEMORY CONSIDERATIONS

In some cases, when Enable processes large documents that have been exported from Word, the user may encounter Enable's "Short of Memory" message. If this occurs, the user may attempt to avoid the memory restriction according to the following guidelines:

If the memory shortage occurs while attempting to print the document:

  • Try printing the document from the main menu after saving it in Enable.
  • If Enable is running in the Windows DOS Box, try starting Enable at the DOS prompt after exiting Windows.
  • Break the document into two or more sections in Enable.
If the memory shortage occurs while attempting to read the document into Enable word processing:

  • If Enable is running in the Windows DOS Box, try starting Enable at the DOS prompt after exiting Windows.
  • Break the document into two or more sections in Word and re-export these sections to the appropriate Enable format.
  • Export the document from Word as ASCII text and read into Enable.

Properties

Article ID: 121000 - Last Review: August 16, 2005 - Revision: 1.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Word 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 6.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 6.0a
  • Microsoft Word 6.0c
Keywords: 
KB121000
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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