?????? DHCP ??????? ?????? ???????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 121005 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ???? ???? DHCP (???????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ?? Windows NT ???? DHCP ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? DHCP. ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? DHCP. ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? DHCP ???????? ?? RFC 1533 ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? DHCP Microsoft ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????????.

??????? ????

?????? ???? ????? DHCP Microsoft ???? ???????? ???????? ????????:
   - DHCP Protocol Options
   - Information Options
				
??????: ????? ???????? ?? ??????? () ?? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???????.

?????? ???????? DHCP

??? ????? DHCP (??): ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? DHCP. ????? ???? ?????? ?? 53 ??? ???? 1. ??? ????????? ??? ??????:
   Value   Message Type
   -----   ------------
     1     DHCPDISCOVER
     2     DHCPOFFER
     3     DHCPREQUEST
     4     DHCPDECLINE
     5     DHCPACK
     6     DHCPNAK
     7     DHCPRELEASE
				
"??? ?????" (51): ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? (DHCPDISCOVER ?? DHCPREQUEST) ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? IP. ?? ?? ???? (DHCPOFFER) ? ?????? ???? DHCP ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????. ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? 32-?? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?????? ?? 51 ??? ???? 4.

??? ??????? (58): ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????. ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? 32-?? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?????? ?? 58 ??? ???? 4.

??? rebind (59): ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? REBINDING. ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? 32-?? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?????? ?? 59 ??? ???? 4.

?????? ?????????

???? ?????? ??????? (1): ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? 950 RFC [5]. ??? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?? DHCP, ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? 1 ????? ???? 4 ????????.

??????? ????????? (3): ????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? IP ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????. ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?? 3. ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? 4 ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? 4.

???? DNS (6): ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? "???? ???" ?????? (STD 13 ? RFC 1035 [8]) ???????? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?? 6. ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? 4 ? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? 4.

??? ?????? (15): ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? DNS ???? ???? DHCP ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? DNS.

???? WINS (NetBIOS ??? ????) (44): ????? ?????? ?????? (NBNS) ??? NetBIOS ??? ????? ?? RFC 1001/1002 [19] NBNS [20] ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????. ????? ???? ?????? ?? 44. ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? 4 ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? 4.

??? ???? NetBIOS (46): ???? ?????? ??? ???? NetBIOS NetBIOS ??? ????? TCP/IP ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?? RFC 1001/1002. ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???:
   Value         Node Type
   -----         ---------
    0x1           B-node
    0x2           P-node
    0x4           M-node
    0x8           H-node
				
?? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? - 16 (????? ????). ????? ???? ?????? ?? 46 ??? ????? 1.

????? ???? NetBIOS (47): ???? ?????? NetBIOS ????? NetBIOS ??? TCP/IP ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? RFC 1001/1002. ???? ???? [19], [20] ? [8] ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????. ????? ???? ?????? ?? 47 ? ????? ?????? ?? 1. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????. ?????? ?????? ?? "???? ???? NetBIOS" ???? ????? ??????.

?????? ???? ??????? (31) (Windows 2000 ?? ????): ?????? 2132 RFC ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????.

????? classless (249) (Windows XP ?? ????): ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????:
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3442.txt
router(33) ????? (Windows ?? ????): ?????? 2132 RFC ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????.

??????: ???? DHCP ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Dhcp\Parameters\Options\ Option ID
??? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? DHCP ???? ? ???? ? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? Windows NT. ????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????.

???????

???? ???????: 121005 - ????? ??? ??????: 10/????/1427 - ??????: 4.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbnetwork KB121005 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????121005

????? ???????

 

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