How To Obtain a Console Window Handle (HWND)

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SUMMARY

It may be useful to manipulate a window associated with a console application. The Win32 API provides no direct method for obtaining the window handle associated with a console application. However, you can obtain the window handle by calling FindWindow(). This function retrieves a window handle based on a class name or window name.

Call GetConsoleTitle() to determine the current console title. Then supply the current console title to FindWindow().

MORE INFORMATION

Because multiple windows may have the same title, you should change the current console window title to a unique title. This will help prevent the wrong window handle from being returned. Use SetConsoleTitle() to change the current console window title. Here is the process:
  1. Call GetConsoleTitle() to save the current console window title.
  2. Call SetConsoleTitle() to change the console title to a unique title.
  3. Call Sleep(40) to ensure the window title was updated.
  4. Call FindWindow(NULL, uniquetitle), to obtain the HWND this call returns the HWND -- or NULL if the operation failed.
  5. Call SetConsoleTitle() with the value retrieved from step 1, to restore the original window title.
You should test the resulting HWND. For example, you can test to see if the returned HWND corresponds with the current process by calling GetWindowText() on the HWND and comparing the result with GetConsoleTitle().

The resulting HWND is not guaranteed to be suitable for all window handle operations.

Sample Code

The following function retrieves the current console application window handle (HWND). If the function succeeds, the return value is the handle of the console window. If the function fails, the return value is NULL. Some error checking is omitted, for brevity.
   HWND GetConsoleHwnd(void)
   {
       #define MY_BUFSIZE 1024 // Buffer size for console window titles.
       HWND hwndFound;         // This is what is returned to the caller.
       char pszNewWindowTitle[MY_BUFSIZE]; // Contains fabricated
                                           // WindowTitle.
       char pszOldWindowTitle[MY_BUFSIZE]; // Contains original
                                           // WindowTitle.

       // Fetch current window title.

       GetConsoleTitle(pszOldWindowTitle, MY_BUFSIZE);

       // Format a "unique" NewWindowTitle.

       wsprintf(pszNewWindowTitle,"%d/%d",
                   GetTickCount(),
                   GetCurrentProcessId());

       // Change current window title.

       SetConsoleTitle(pszNewWindowTitle);

       // Ensure window title has been updated.

       Sleep(40);

       // Look for NewWindowTitle.

       hwndFound=FindWindow(NULL, pszNewWindowTitle);

       // Restore original window title.

       SetConsoleTitle(pszOldWindowTitle);

       return(hwndFound);
   }
				

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Article ID: 124103 - Last Review: July 11, 2005 - Revision: 1.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Platform Software Development Kit-January 2000 Edition
Keywords: 
kbhowto kbwndw KB124103

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