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Description of the R6025 run-time error in Visual C++
Article ID: 125749 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q125749
This article discusses an issue that may occur when you are developing a program. If you are still experiencing a problem that resembles the one that this article describes, it may be a different problem. To search for issues related to a specific problem, please include the product name in your search in order to narrow your results. To troubleshoot similar problems, please see the "Similar problems and resolutions" section later in this article.
The C++ program fails and reports the following run-time error:
runtime error R6025
- pure virtual function call
This error occurs when your application indirectly calls a pure virtual member function in a context where a call to the function is not valid. In most cases, the compiler detects this and reports the error when building the application. But depending on how your code is written, sometimes the problem is detected only at run-time.
The error occurs when you indirectly call a pure virtual function within the context of a call to the constructor or destructor of an abstract base class. This is illustrated in the sample code below, along with some more description.
Calling a pure virtual function is a programming error, so you need to find the call to the pure virtual function and rewrite the code so it is not called.
One way to find a call to a pure virtual function is to replace the pure virtual function with an implementation that calls the Windows API function DebugBreak. When using the debugger, DebugBreak will cause a hard-coded breakpoint. When the code stops running at this breakpoint, you can view the callstack to see where the function was called.
Another way to find a call to a pure virtual function is to set a breakpoint on the _purecall function that is found in PureVirt.c. Breaking on this function has the advantage of keeping the stack intact so that you can trace what is occurring.
For more information, refer to the "C Run-Time Errors R6002 through R6025" page of the "Build Errors" section in the following Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) Web site:
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa277044(VS.60).aspxNote The R6025 error is not documented in the manuals or online help included with Visual C++, versions 2.x or below. However, it is briefly discussed in Part 3 of the Readme.wri file shipped with Visual C++ version 2.0.
If you are still experiencing a problem that resembles the problem that this article describes, it may be a different problem. For more information about similar problems and resolutions, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/240437/ )Money runtime error: "R6025 -Pure virtual function call"
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/308260/ )How to troubleshoot script errors in Internet Explorer 6 and in Internet Explorer 7 on Windows 2000-based, Windows XP-based, Windows Server 2003-based, or Windows Vista-based computers
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/267572/ )WD2000: Error Message: "Run-time Error '5'" when you start Word
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/170409/ )SBFM97: MS Visual C++ run-time errors importing Quickbooks data
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/309299/ )Runtime error when you browse to some Web pages
Article ID: 125749 - Last Review: September 22, 2011 - Revision: 10.0