CD-ROM Drives Requiring Real-Mode Drivers

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Article ID: 131499 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

Windows can access most CD-ROM drives in protected mode. However, unsupported CD-ROM drives must use the real-mode drivers provided by the vendor. If you use real-mode drivers for your CD-ROM drive, you should use SMARTDrive to obtain optimum performance with the CD-ROM drive.

SMARTDrive is a disk-caching tool included with versions of MS-DOS and Windows. Only version 5.0 of SMARTDrive, included with MS-DOS version 6.2 and Windows, can cache CD-ROM drives.

This article lists CD-ROM drives that require real-mode drivers to either work in Windows or be detected by Windows.

Real-mode CD-ROM drivers include:
  • Drivers that must be loaded in the Config.sys file.
  • The Microsoft CD-ROM Extensions (MSCDEX) driver (or third-party equivalent) that must be loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

MORE INFORMATION

Backpack CD-ROM (External/Parallel Port) from Micro Solutions

The Backpack CD-ROM drive has a proprietary parallel port interface and is not automatically recognized by Windows or Windows NT 3.51 and 4.0. Current Backpack CD-ROM drive models can use a 32-bit protected-mode driver obtainable from the manufacturer for compatibility with Windows and Windows NT 3.51 and 4.0. This driver can be downloaded from the Software Library at Micro Solutions' Web site at:
http://www.micro-solutions.com
This 32-bit driver loads under SCSI Devices and appears in Device Manager in Windows or Control Panel in Windows NT.

The Backpack CD-ROM drive 16-bit real-mode driver can also be used as an alternative in Windows if it is loaded in the Config.sys file and Mscdex.exe (or equivalent) is loaded in the Autoexec.bat file. Early models of Backpack CD-ROM drives (single-speed model 160550 and double- speed model 162550) must use the 16-bit driver, as they are not compatible with Micro Solutions' 32-bit driver. Therefore, these early models of Backpack CD-ROM drives are not compatible with Windows NT 3.51 or 4.0.

If Windows or Windows NT still does not access the Backpack CD-ROM drive, or for information about driver parameters, configuration options, or Windows NT installation steps, please refer to the driver documentation or check the Technical Support area of Micro Solutions' Web site at http://www.micro-solutions.com before you call Micro Solutions.

CD-ROM Drives on Mozart Sound Cards

Windows requires that the MOZINIT.SYS real-mode driver be loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) be loaded in the Autoexec.bat file to access the CD-ROM drive. This driver is necessary to set up the hardware.

For information about the parameters for MOZINIT.SYS and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

Chinon CDS-435 or CDS-535

When you install Windows on a computer with a Chinon CDS-435 or CDS-535 CD-ROM drive, the hardware detection portion of Setup does not detect the CD-ROM controller. When Setup is finished, you cannot access the CD-ROM drive, and the drive is not listed in Device Manager.

The Chinon CDS-435 and CDS-535 CD-ROM drives use a proprietary SCSI controller card that is not supported by the Windows protected-mode SCSI drivers.

To use the Chinon CDS-435 or CDS-535 CD-ROM drive with Windows, use the real-mode device drivers that are included with the drive.

For information about installing the device drivers, please refer to the documentation that is shipped with the drive, or contact Chinon Technical Support.

Creative Labs Sound Blaster Value CD4x MK4062

The CD4x MK4062 is not detected by Windows when connected to the IDE controller on the sound card. An updated driver, Sbide-95.exe, can be downloaded from Creative Labs to correct this problem.

Matsushita or Panasonic CD-ROM Drives on Ensoniq Soundscape Cards

Windows cannot detect Matsushita/Panasonic CD-ROM drives if they are connected to Ensoniq Soundscape sound cards. This is because the Ensoniq sound card offers different I/O ports for the Matsushita/Panasonic interface than the Windows Panasonic CD-ROM driver supports. The real- mode drivers for these drives must be used.

Media Vision Reno

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

NEC CDR-38, NEC CDR-250, CDR-260, CDR-260R, CDR-260GW

The NEC CDR-38, NEC CDR-250, CDR-260, CDR-260R, and CDR-260GW CD-ROM drives are incompatible with the ATAPI specification version 1.2. Therefore, Windows cannot detect these drives if NEC_IDE.SYS is not loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) is not loaded in the Autoexec.bat file. After Windows detects these drivers, it uses protected-mode drivers to access the CD-ROM drive.


For information about the parameters for NEC_IDE.SYS and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

NEC 55-JD

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

Philips CD-ROM on Media Vision Fusion 16 Sound Card

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive when it is attached to a Media Vision Fusion 16 sound card without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

Philips CM205 and CM206 Proprietary CD-ROM Drives

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

MediaVision has released a Windows driver for the Phillips CM205/206 CD-ROM drives. Obtain the 206w95.exe file from the MediaVision Web site (www.mediavis.com) or FTP server (ftp.mediavis.com).

Pinnacle Micro PCD-100

Windows may detect this single-speed drive as a Mitsumi CD-ROM drive (because it loads MTMCDD.SYS in the Config.sys file) and load the protected-mode Mitsumi drivers. These drivers do not work with the Pinnacle CD-ROM drive. To enable the CD-ROM drive, you must reload MTMCDD.SYS and MSCDEX (or equivalent).

For information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

Sanyo (TORISAN) CDR-C3G Multidisk ATAPI CD-ROM

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

For additional information, please see the Hardware.txt file in the Windows folder, or see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
135896 Windows 95 CD-ROM Hardware.txt File

Sony CDU-6201-20

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

Teac CD55A Proprietary CD-ROM

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

A Windows driver for the Teac CD55A CD-ROM drive can be obtained from Teac. The driver file name is Cd55_w95.zip. Earlier drivers require MSCDEX.

NOTE: The Teac CD55A Windows driver works only with Sound Blaster cards; it does not work with Sound Blaster-compatible cards. For additional information, see the Readme.txt file included with the driver.

Wearnes CDD-110

Windows cannot access this CD-ROM drive without the real-mode driver being loaded in the Config.sys file and MSCDEX (or equivalent) being loaded in the Autoexec.bat file.

If Windows still does not access the CD-ROM drive, or for information about the parameters for the real-mode CD-ROM driver and MSCDEX, please refer to the drive's documentation or contact the manufacturer.

Mitsumi FX001D & FX001 CD-ROM Drive

These double-speed drives require the real-mode Fx116.exe driver that is available on Mitsumi's Web site (www.mitsumi.com). Although these drives are detected by Setup and the Add New Hardware Wizard, the protected-mode driver does not work and generates a "Windows performed an illegal operation" error message at 215D:3F42. Use the real-mode drivers instead.

Properties

Article ID: 131499 - Last Review: January 19, 2007 - Revision: 1.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows 98 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95
Keywords: 
kb3rdparty kbfaq kbhardware kbinfo kbmm KB131499

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