Custom PCL Separator File Example

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 131714 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q131714
Expand all | Collapse all

On This Page

SUMMARY

You may wish to create your own printer control language (PCL) separator file. This article provides you with an example after which you can pattern your own separator file.

This article includes the following sections:
  • Non-Annotated Separator File Text Example
  • Annotated Separator File Text Example
  • Description of Output From the Separator File Example
  • Separator File Command Summary
Additional references for more information on the structure of the PCL language are listed at the end of this article.

NOTE: Microsoft is responsible for solving problems with the Windows NT separator file processor, but not for developing custom printer-language code.

MORE INFORMATION

To create a separator file:
  1. Type or paste the text from the example below into an ASCII text file.
  2. Save the file to the print server hard disk drive.
  3. Reconfigure Print Manager to use the separator file:

    1. From the Printer menu, choose Properties.
    2. Choose Details.
    3. Type the path to the separator file in the Separator File text box.
    4. Choose OK, and then choose OK again.
  4. After you have test the file, modify it to meet your needs.

Non-Annotated Separator File Text Example

   \ 
   \H1B\L%-12345X@PJL ENTER LANGUAGE=PCL
   \H1B\L&l1T\0
   \H1B\L(19U\H1B\L(s1p16v0s0b16602T
   \H1B\L&a10L\L\LDate: \D\H1B\L&a60L\LJob: \I\H1B\L&a94L\LTime: \T
   \9\5
   \H1B\L(19U\H1B\L(s1p36v0s0b16602T
   \H1B\L&a17L
   \H5C\H5C\LServer\H5C\LShare
   \9\6
   \H1B\L(19U\H1B\L(s1p96v1s0b4116T
   \H1B\L&a10L\N
   \H1B\LE
				

Annotated Separator File Text Example

Like most PCL separator files, this example contains a mix of separator file commands and PCL code. The individual PCL commands are a combination of the value and the command. For example, 16v indicates a 16 point font. Only the last command in the PCL string should be capitalized (to indicate the end of the command). Although there can be multiple PCL commands per line, each new command string must start with an <Esc> code.

NOTE: Some variable must be strung together in a specific order to function correctly. For more information, see the PCL references mentioned at the end of this article.

\
The first line of any separator file is a delimiter character by itself. The separator file interpreter looks for the backslash (\) character on the first line, and uses it as the delimiter for its command strings in the rest of the separator file.

\H1B\L%-12345X@PJL ENTER LANGUAGE=PCL
If you want to send printer language commands, and those commands include unprintable characters, you must send those characters by writing "\H" followed by the character's hexadecimal value. Because most PCL commands begin with an ESC character (hex value 0x1B) and are followed by printable text, many PCL separator file lines begin with \H1B, followed by \L, and then a literal string containing the rest of the PCL command. Remember that PCL commands are case sensitive. The line above tells HP print devices with multiple languages ("personalities") to switch to PCL.

\H1B\L&l1T\0
This line toggles job separation and moves the cursor down one line.

\H1B\L(19U\H1B\L(s1p16v0s0b16602T
There are two PCL commands in this line; the first sets the symbol set and the second sets the font spacing, size, and name:

<ESC>(19U sets symbol set to 19U (Windows 3.1 Latin 1)
<ESC>(s1p sets spacing to 1 (1=proportional, 0=fixed)
16v sets font size to 16 points
0s0b16602T sets font to Arial (Plain)

If you want to use a different symbol set, size, or font, you need to change this command (spacing is usually defined by the font, and is not configurable). To get a list of the available fonts on an HP 4 Si print device, use its front panel: from the TEST menu, choose the PCL TYPE LIST entry and push the ENTER key. The resulting pages include lines that provide the commands to set the font spacing and name. For example:

Arial Scale

<esc>(<xx><esc>s1p<yy>v0s0b16602T I 029

where <xx> represents an open box symbol designating "Symbol set" and <yy> represents a closed box symbol designating "Point size"

Note: You will see the above all on one line.

The <xx> box is a placeholder for the symbol set value. The example PCL command above sets this value to 19U; other useful values are 579L (Wingdings), 19M (Symbol), 10U (PC-8, code page 437), and 12U (PC-850, Multilingual). Symbol set lists are available in many printer user manuals, and in Appendix C of the PCL 5 Comparison Guide (available from Hewlett-Packard).

The <yy> box is a placeholder for the point size.

\H1B\L&a10L\LDate: \D\H1B\L&a60L\LJob: \I\H1B\L&a94L\LTime: \T
The PCL command <ESC>&a#L sets the horizontal cursor position on the current line to column #. This line positions the Date:, Job:, and Time: labels horizontally at columns 10, 60, and 94, respectively, and prints the current date, the job number, and the time after their respective labels.

\9\5
This line moves the cursor position down 14 lines. The \n separator file command moves the cursor down n lines. Although n must be a single digit (0 through 9) number, you can move nine lines, and then five lines, to move a total of 14 lines.

\H1B\L(19U\H1B\L(s1p36v0s0b16602T
This line redefines the current font, increasing the size from 16 to 36 points.

\H1B\L&a17L
\H5C\H5C\LServer\H5C\LShare
\9\6
These lines set the left margin at column 17, print "\\Server\Share", and then move down 15 lines. You can change the "Server" and "Share" strings to the names of your print server and it's print share. This command sets the left margin at 17 because this roughly centers the text "\\Server\Share" horizontally. If your server and share name create a longer or shorter string, you may want to adjust this margin to maintain the centering. There is no separator file command to center text automatically.

\H1B\L(19U\H1B\L(s1p96v1s0b4116T
This line redefines the current font to 96-point Marigold Windows 3.1 Latin 1 symbol set). This example uses the Marigold font simply to demonstrate that you can get multiple fonts on the same page; you can change it to the font of your choice.

\H1B\L&a10L\N
This line sets the left margin to column 10 and then prints the user's name.

\H1B\LE
There are two final lines in the file. The first is a PCL printer reset command (<ESC>E), and the second is the carriage return-linefeed pair that follows the printer reset command. Don't forget the carriage return-linefeed pair.

Description of Output From the Separator File Example

The precise output you get when you use the sample separator file varies depending on the values for the date, job number, time, the share specified, and the user's name. However, the basic layout of the page may be described as follows: near the top of the separator page you will see one line with the word "date" with a value on the left, the word "job" and a number in the center, and the label "time" and its current value at the right. The text in this line will be in Arial 16 font. Roughly centered on the page will be the "\\Server\Share" name in the Arial 36 point font. On the lower half of the sheet, and also centered left to right on the page, will be the user name in a 96 point script font.

Separator File Command Summary

Escape Code   Function
----------------------
  \           On its own line, at the very beginning of the
              separator file, defines the "\" character to be the command
              delimiter character for this separator file.

  \N          Prints the user name of the person that submitted the job.

  \I          Prints the job number.

  \D          Prints the date the job was printed. The representation of
              the date is the same as the Date Format in Control Panel
              (International).

  \T          Prints the time the job was printed. The representation of
              the time is the same as the Control Panel (Time).

  \Lxxx       Prints all the characters (xxxx) following it until another
              escape code is encountered.

  \Fpathname  Prints the contents of the file specified by pathname,
              starting on an empty line. The contents of this file are
              copied directly to the print device without any processing.

  \Hnn        Sends the nn (hexadecimal) ASCII character. \Hnn is often
              used to send a printer-specific control sequence. To
              determine appropriate control sequences, see your printer
              manual.

  \Wnn        Sets the width of the separator page. The default width is
              80; the maximum width is 256. Any printable characters beyond
              this width are truncated.

  \B\S        Prints text in single-width block characters until \U is
              encountered.

  \E          Ejects a page from the printer. Use this code to start a new
              separator page or to end the separator page file. If you get
              an extra blank separator page when you print, remove this
              code from your separator page file.

  \n          Skips n lines, where n is a digit from 0 through 9. Skipping
              0 lines simply moves printing to the next line.

  \B\M        Prints text in double-width block characters until \U is
              encountered.

  \U          Turns off block character printing.
				

REFERENCES

For more information on the PCL language see:

"PCL 5 Printer Language Technical Reference Manual," Hewlett Packard, HP Part No. 5961-0509, October 1992.

"PCL 5 Comparison Guide," Hewlett Packard, HP Part No. 5961-0634, May 1994.

For more information on the PostScript Language see:

"PostScript Language Program Design," Adobe Systems, Imprint by Addison-Wesley, 1988.

"PostScript Language Reference Manual(New Red Book), Adobe Systems, Imprint by Addison-Wesley, 1990.

"PostScript Language Tutorial and Cookbook," Adobe Systems, Imprint by Addison-Wesley, 1985.

Properties

Article ID: 131714 - Last Review: November 1, 2006 - Revision: 2.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows NT Advanced Server 3.1
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.1
  • Microsoft Windows NT Advanced Server 3.1
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
KB131714

Give Feedback

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com