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XCLN: Sending Messages In Rich-Text Format
Article ID: 136204 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q136204
The Microsoft Exchange Windows 95 client allows you to send messages through the Microsoft Exchange Internet Provider in rich-text format.
To view rich-text attributes, the recipient must also use Microsoft Exchange or another messaging system that displays rich-text formatting. Messaging systems that do not support rich-text formatting will display messages as plain text without special attributes or formatting.
Rich-text format attributes include:
Font nameYou may want to disable rich-text formatting in messages sent to recipients whose e-mail systems do not decode and display these attributes.
Properties ConceptBy default, when you send a rich-text message using the Microsoft Exchange Internet Mail Provider, a MIME-encoded description of the formatting is included with the message. You can also send messages without MIME; this causes a special file to be attached called Winmail.dat. Winmail.dat is appended to the message in uuencoded format. This encoding includes rich-text attributes and formatting details for the mail message.
For additional information about how to prevent sending the Winmail.dat attachment to Internet users when you are using the Microsoft Exchange Internet Mail Service, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
138053When a rich-text format message is sent using MIME, an entry similar to the following is added to the header of the message:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/138053/EN-US/ )XFOR: Preventing WINMAIL.DAT Sent to Internet Users
Following the header is the message body, followed by MIME-encoded rich-text formatting information similar to the following:
Mime-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="---- =_NextPart_000_01BA6275.348C1000" Status: RO X-STATUS ====== ------ =_NextPart_000_01BA6275.348C1000 ------ =_NextPart_000_01BA6275.348C1000 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii" Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit
Alternatively, when a rich-text formatted message is sent using UUENCODE, code similar to the following is added to the bottom of the message:
------ =_NextPart_000_01BA6275.348C1000 Content-Type: application/ms-tnef Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 eJ8+IisSAQaQCAAEAAAAAAABAAEAAQeQBgAIAAAA5AQAAAAAAADoAAENgAQAAgAAAAEAAQ ABBJAGAEgBAAABAAAADAAAAAMAADACAAAACwAPDgAAAAACAf8PAQAAAHQAAAAAAAAAtTvC wCx3EBqhvAgAKypWwhUAAAB2ZPLzl7rOEa5RAKoAQkrnpIAAAAAAAACBKx+kvqMQGZ1uAN 0BD1QCAAAAAEdyZWcgS3VkYXN6IChhdCBjcmlzLmNvbSkAU01UUABna3VkYXN6QGNyaXMu Y29tAB4AAjABAAAABQAAAFNNVFAAAAAAHgADMAEAAAARAAAAZ2t1ZGFzekBjcmlzLmNvbQ AAAAADABUMAQAAAAMA/g8GAAAAHgABMAEAAAAcAAAAJ0dyZWcgS3VkYXN6IChhdCBjcmlz LmNvbSknAAIBCzABAAAAFgAAAFNNVFA6R0tV [. . .]
Note that the MIME encoding and WINMAIL.DAT information are not legible text. Only Microsoft Exchange and messaging systems compatible with rich-text formatting can translate the formatting details contained in the MIME encoding and in WINMAIL.DAT.
begin 600 WINMAIL.DAT M>)\^(C<.`0:0" `$```````!``$``0>0!@`(````Y 0```````#H``$%@ ,` M#@```,L'" `$``<`)P`O``4`0 $!"8 !`"$````S,S5$,C,W,#%"0T-#13$Q M04,S,C4R-#$U,S0X,# P,0#8!@$@@ ,`#@```,L'" `$``<`)P`V``4`1P$! M"( '`!@```!)4$TN36EC<F]S;V9T($UA:6PN3F]T90`Q" $$@ $`& ```%MS M;71P.F=K=61A<WI 8W)I<RYC;VU=``T)`0V ! `"`````@`"``$#D 8```$` M``P```! `#D`X!.6)7ABN@$>`' ``0```!@```!;<VUT<#IG:W5D87-Z0&-R [. . .]
TOGGLING RICH-TEXT FORMATThe following scenarios outline when a message sent though the Internet with Microsoft Exchange is delivered in rich-text format.
NOTE: The following examples are true for the Microsoft Exchange Internet Provider that ships with Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95. Other providers may have different defaults.
New Address Book EntryRich text is a property that can be set per recipient with the Internet Mail Provider. You can set the rich-text option in the personal address book by clicking New Entry from the Address Book File menu, and clicking Internet Address. By default, rich-text formatting is off for new entries.
Adding Address Book Entry from MessageIf you receive mail from a sender that is not in your personal address book, you can add that person by examining the details on that sender (double-click the sender's alias name in the From box), and clicking Add To: Personal Address Book. The new entry has rich-text formatting off by default for the alias you are creating.
You can click to select the Always Send To This Recipient In Microsoft Exchange Rich-Text Format check box to turn on rich-text formatting for the new alias. This setting is used when you choose the name from the address book for both of the above examples.
NOTE: The above two examples are true for the Microsoft Exchange Internet Provider that ships with Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95. Other providers may have different defaults.
Entering Address in [smtp:firstname.lastname@example.org] FormatInstead of choosing an alias from the personal address book, you can use one of two forms of "one-off addressing." One-off addressing allows you to enter an alias directly in the To box when you compose a message.
The first form of one-off addressing is to type the address enclosed in brackets with the SMTP address designator. Messages addressed in this format are delivered in rich-text format.
Entering Address in email@example.com FormatThe second form of one-off addressing is to enter the address without enclosing the address in brackets. Messages addressed in this format are NOT delivered in rich-text format.
TO: firstname.lastname@example.orgNOTE: For the above two examples, you can toggle the rich-text setting using the following steps:
Article ID: 136204 - Last Review: February 27, 2007 - Revision: 3.3