TCP/IP ?nh tuy?n c b?n dnh cho Windows NT

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ID c?a bi: 140859 - Xem s?n ph?m m bi ny p d?ng vo.
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Bi vi?t ny th?o lu?n v? Windows NT Routing Table trn m?t n homed my v multihomed Windows NT Router c v khng c giao th?c Multi B? ?nh tuy?n (MPR). Thng tin c b?n ny s? gip v?i gi?i p th?c m?c lin quan ?n TCP/IP.


Route b?ng

Ngay c? m?t n homed TCP/IP ch? ? a ra quy?t ?nh ?nh tuy?n. y quy?t ?nh ?nh tuy?n ?c i?u khi?n b?i bn tuy?n ?ng. B?ng tuy?n ?ng c th? ?c hi?n th? b?ng cch g? "route print" t?i d?u nh?c l?nh. Sau y l m?t v d? l? b?ng t? m?t my homed n. Tuy?n ?ng ny n gi?n b?ng ?c xy d?ng t? ?ng c?a Windows NT d?a trn c?u h?nh IP my ch? c?a b?n.

Network Address   Netmask          Gateway Address  Interface       Metric       1          1      1          1      1      1      1

Cc tiu ? c?a m?i c?t trong b?ng ? trn ?c gi?i thch trong sau y vn b?n:

?a ch? m?ng:

?a ch? m?ng l i?m ?n. C?t ?a ch? m?ng c th? ch?a:

  • ?a ch? my ch?
  • ?a ch? m?ng con
  • ?a ch? m?ng
  • C?ng n?i m?c ?nh
Th? t? t?m ki?m l c?ng nh trn, t? cc tuy?n ?ng ?c o nh?t (my ch? ?a ch?) ? nh?t chung (c?ng m?c ?nh):         is the default route       is the loopback address      is the local subnet address   is the network card address  is the subnet broadcast address       is the multicast address is the limited broadcast address

M?t n? m?ng:

M?t n? m?ng xc ?nh nh?ng g? ph?n ?a ch? m?ng ph?i ph h?p cho m tuy?n ?ng s? ?c s? d?ng. Khi m?t n? ?c vi?t trong h? nh? phn l m?t 1 ng k? (ph?i kh?p v?i) v m?t 0 c?n khng kh?p. V d?, m?t m?t n? ?c s? d?ng cho m?t m?c nh?p my ch? lu tr?. M?t n? c?a t?t c? cc 255s (t?t c? 1s) c ngh?a l ?a i?m ?n c?a gi d? li?u s? ?c chuy?n ph?i chnh xc ph h?p v?i ?a ch? m?ng cho tuy?n ?ng ny s? ?c s? d?ng. ?i v?i nhau V d?, ?a ch? m?ng c m?t m?t n? m?ng c?a M?t n? m?ng ny c ngh?a l l?n ?u tin hai octet ph?i ph h?p v?i chnh xc, 5 ?u tin bit c?a octet th? ba ph?i ph h?p v?i (248 = 11111000) v octet cu?i khng khng v?n ?. K? t? khi 8 trong h? th?ng s? th?p phn l tng ng v?i 00001000 nh? phn, m?t tr?n ?u s? ph?i b?t ?u v?i 00001. V? v?y, b?t k? ?a ch? c?a 157.57 v octet 8 qua 15 (15 = 00001111), th? ba s? s? d?ng ny tuy?n ?ng. y l m?t m?t n? m?ng cho m?t m?ng con ?ng v do ?c g?i l cc m?t n? m?ng con.

?a ch? c?ng:

?a ch? c?ng ra l ni m gi d? li?u c?n ph?i ?c g?i. i?u ny c th? cc m?ng c?c b? th? ho?c m?t c?ng (router) trn m?ng con ?a phng.

Giao di?n:

Giao di?n l ?a ch? c?a card m?ng m gi nn ?c g?i. l ?a ch? loopback ph?n m?m.

S? li?u:

Cc s? li?u l m?t s? b?c nh?y ?n ch. B?t c? i?u g? v? cc ?a phng LAN l m?t hop v m?i b? ?nh tuy?n v?t qua sau l m?t b? sung hop. Cc s? li?u ?c s? d?ng ? xc ?nh cc tuy?n ?ng t?t nh?t.

Multihomed Router

y l m?c ?nh tuy?n b?ng c?a m?t my ch? Windows NT multihomed.

Network Address   Netmask           Gateway Address   Interface      Metric       1      1         1     1         1    1         1    1     1    1    1

Ki?m tra "Kch ho?t tnh nng IP Routing" c?u h?nh nng cao TCP/IP ? kch ho?t vi?c ?nh tuy?n. T?i th?i i?m ny Windows NT s? ?nh tuy?n gi?a cc m?ng con hai.

Lu ? - cho Multihomed Router ? v?t qua DHCP khm ph cc gi d? li?u t? m?t trong nh?ng m?ng con khc b?n s? c?n ph?i ci ?t "bootp Relay Agent" m i km v?i MPR. MPR th?o lu?n sau ny.

M?t lu ? v? c?ng n?i m?c ?nh:

Trong c?u h?nh TCP/IP, b?n c th? thm m?t tuy?n ?ng m?c ?nh cho m?i m?ng th?. i?u ny s? t?o ra m?t tuy?n ?ng cho m?i. Tuy nhin, ch? c m?t m?c ?nh tuy?n ?ng s? th?c s? ?c s? d?ng. Trong tr?ng h?p ny, l l?n ?u tin th? trong TCP/IP bindings v do l con ?ng m?c ?nh cho th? ny s? ?c s? d?ng. K? t? khi c?ng ch? c m?t m?c ?nh s? ?c s? d?ng, b?n nn ch? c?u h?nh m?t th? ? c m?t c?ng m?c ?nh. i?u ny s? lm gi?m s? nh?m l?n v b?o ?m k?t qu? b?n d? ?nh.

? bi?t thm chi ti?t, xem cc bi vi?t sau y trong ki?n th?c Microsoft c s?:
ID C?A BI: 157025
Tiu ?: C?ng m?c ?nh c?u h?nh cho my tnh a Homed

N?u b? ?nh tuy?n Windows NT khng c giao di?n trn con cho tr?c, n s? c?n m?t tuy?n ?ng ?n . i?u ny c th? ?c th?c hi?n b?ng cch thm cc tuy?n t?nh ho?c b?ng cch s? d?ng MPR. MPR th?o lu?n sau ny.

? thm m?t t?nh l?

y l m?t tuy?n ?ng v d?.

Tuy?n ?ng Add m?t n? s? li?u 2

Lu ?: Ty ch?n mt ch? ?c h? tr? trong Windows NT 3.51 v?i d?ch v? Pack 2 ho?c sau ny ?c ci ?t.

Cc tuy?n ?ng trong v d? ny c ngh?a l ? c ?c ? m?ng con v?i m?t m?t n? s? d?ng c?a ng? v r?ng m?ng con l 2 Hoa bia i. M?t tuy?n ?ng t?nh c?ng c?n ph?i ?c thm vo k? ti?p cc b? ?nh tuy?n cho n lm th? no ? l?y l?i ? m?ng con th? truy c?p b?i l ng?i ?u tin b? ?nh tuy?n. V?i m?t m?ng l?i c?a m?t vi b? ?nh tuy?n ho?c cc tuy?n ?ng b?, t?nh c th? tr? thnh r?t ph?c t?p.

? bi?t thm chi ti?t, xin vui l?ng xem cc bi sau y trong cc C s? ki?n th?c Microsoft:
ID C?A BI: 141383
Tiu ?: "P" chuy?n ?i cho tuy?n ?ng ch? huy ?c thm vo trong Windows NT

Giao th?c Multi Router (MPR)

MPR g?m nh?ng i?u sau y:
  • ?nh tuy?n thng tin giao th?c (RIP) cho TCP/IP.
  • ?i l? ti?p s?c BOOTP (giao th?c kh?i ?ng) cho c?u h?nh my ch? ?ng Giao th?c (DHCP).
  • RIP cho IPX.
RIP ?c s? d?ng b?i b? ?nh tuy?n ?ng trao ?i thng tin ?nh tuy?n. RIP router pht sng c?a h? b?ng ?nh tuy?n m?i 30 giy theo m?c ?nh. Khac RIP router s? l?ng nghe cho cc chng tr?nh pht sng RIP v C?p Nh?t ring c?a h? ?nh tuy?n b?ng.

MPR c s?n trong Service Pack 2 cho Windows NT 3.51.

? bi?t thm chi ti?t, xin vui l?ng xem RIPROUTE.WRI t?p tin (c s?n v?i Windows NT 3.51 Service Pack 2) h?ng d?n ci ?t MPR ho?c bi vi?t sau trong c s? ki?n th?c Microsoft:
ID C?A BI: 138793
Tiu ?: a phng th?c Router ci ?t v c?u h?nh

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 140859 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 18 Thang Tam 2011 - Xem xt l?i: 2.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft BackOffice Small Business Server 4.0
T? kha:
kbhowto kbusage kbmt KB140859 KbMtvi
My d?ch
QUAN TRONG: Bi vi?t ny ?c d?ch b?ng ph?n m?m d?ch my c?a Microsoft ch? khng ph?i do con ng?i d?ch. Microsoft cung c?p cc bi vi?t do con ng?i d?ch v c? cc bi vi?t do my d?ch ? b?n c th? truy c?p vo t?t c? cc bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c c?a chng ti b?ng ngn ng? c?a b?n. Tuy nhin, bi vi?t do my d?ch khng ph?i lc no c?ng hon h?o. Lo?i bi vi?t ny c th? ch?a cc sai st v? t? v?ng, c php ho?c ng? php, gi?ng nh m?t ng?i n?c ngoi c th? m?c sai st khi ni ngn ng? c?a b?n. Microsoft khng ch?u trch nhi?m v? b?t k? s? thi?u chnh xc, sai st ho?c thi?t h?i no do vi?c d?ch sai n?i dung ho?c do ho?t ?ng s? d?ng c?a khch hng gy ra. Microsoft c?ng th?ng xuyn c?p nh?t ph?n m?m d?ch my ny.
Nh?p chu?t vo y ? xem b?n ti?ng Anh c?a bi vi?t ny:140859

Cung cp Phan hi


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