Sample Macro Code to Change Case of Text

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Article ID: 141094 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q141094
For a Microsoft Excel 2002 version of this article, see 291323.
For a Microsoft Excel 2000 version of this article, see 213649.
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This article contains three sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications macros (Sub procedures) that you can use to change the letters in a text string to all uppercase, all lowercase, or title case (the first letter in each word is capitalized).


Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

Macro to Change All Text in a Range to Uppercase Letters

   Sub Uppercase()
      ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range.
      For Each x In Range("A1:A5")
         ' Change the text in the range to uppercase letters.
         x.Value = UCase(x.value)
   End Sub

Macro to Change All Text in a Range to Lowercase Letters

   Sub Lowercase()
      ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range.
      For Each x In Range("B1:B5")
         x.Value = LCase(x.Value)
   End Sub

Macro to Change All Text in a Cell Range to Initial Capital Letters

   Sub Proper_Case()
      ' Loop to cycle through each cell in the specified range.
      For Each x In Range("C1:C5")
         ' There is not a Proper function in Visual Basic for Applications.
         ' So, you must use the worksheet function in the following form:
         x.Value = Application.Proper(x.Value)
   End Sub

Testing the Sample Macros

To test the sample macros, follow these steps:

  1. In the same workbook that contains the macros, enter the following sample data into a new worksheet:
       A1: toM         B1: toM        C1: toM
       A2: sUe         B2: sUe        C2: sUe
       A3: joe SMITH   B3: joe SMITH  C3: joe SMITH
       A4: mary        B4: mary       C4: mary
       A5: LORI        B5: LORI       C5: LORI
    NOTE: This sample data contains text formatted in various cases that you can use to verify how each macro works.
  2. Run each of the macros.
The text in the range specified in the macro (in the line that reads "For each x in ...") will be formatted in uppercase, lowercase, or initial capitals, as appropriate.


For more information about changing the case of text in Microsoft Excel, click Answer Wizard on the Help menu and type:

   tell me about changing case of text
For additional information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

ARTICLE-ID: 163435
TITLE : VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications


Article ID: 141094 - Last Review: October 11, 2006 - Revision: 2.3
  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 98 for Macintosh
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Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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