PRB: RDO Forward-Only Cursor Doesn't Allow MoveLast

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Article ID: 141171 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q141171
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If you try to use the MoveLast method on a forward-only remote data object recordset, you receive the error
"S1106: [Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver]Fetch type out of range".
Forward-only resultsets are the only type returned by the OpenResultset method.


Forward-only cursors only allow the use of MoveNext methods. This is a limitation of ODBC.


There is no direct way to implement an exact copy of MoveLast with code when using a resultset with a forward-only cursor. The following code loops through and touches all records in a resultset. When the loop finishes, the current record will be the EOF marker.
   'The following code loops through all the records in a resultset
   While Not rdoToMove.EOF

      'do any processing here
To determine the number of records in a resultset, code a loop like the one above and increment a count variable inside the loop.


This behavior is by design.


When RDO works with a forward-only resultset, it uses a call to the ODBC API function SQLExtendedFetch to obtain data. As one of its parameters, this function takes a value that specifies the type of fetch to be performed. ODBC specifies that when a resultset has a forward-only cursor, this fetch argument may only be SQL_FETCH_NEXT. If the argument is something besides this constant, ODBC returns 'S1106: Fetch type out of range,' indicating that the argument was invalid. For more information, see the reference listed in the References section below.

Steps to Reproduce

  1. Start Visual Basic.
  2. On the File menu, click New Project.
  3. Double-click the Command button icon in the Toolbox to create a command button on the form.
  4. Insert the following code in the command button's Click event. Replace strDSN, strConnect, and strSQL with the relevant values for your database.

    Note You must change Username= <username> and PWD =<strong password> to the correct values before you run this code. Make sure that Username has the appropriate permissions to perform this operation on the database.
       Private Sub Command1_Click()
                 Dim ps As rdoPreparedStatement
                 Dim conn As rdoConnection
                 Dim strDSN As String
                 Dim strConnect As String
                 Dim strSQL As String
                 strDSN = "pubs"
                 strConnect = "Username=<username>;PWD=<strong password>;database=pubs"
                 strSQL = "Select * From Authors"
                 With rdoEnvironments(0)
                     .CursorDriver = rdUseOdbc
                 Set conn = .OpenConnection _
                   (strDSN, rdDriverNoPrompt, False, strConnect)
                 End With
                 Set ps = conn.CreatePreparedStatement("", strSQL)
                 Set rs = ps.OpenResultset(rdOpenForwardOnly)
                 rs.MoveLast      'this line causes the error
       End Sub
  5. On the Run menu, click Start (ALT, R, S) or press the F5 key. The program will stop when it reaches the rs.Movelast line, and give the error listed above.


Microsoft ODBC 2.0 Programmer's Reference and SDK Guide: SQLExtendedFetch function - return code S1106.


Article ID: 141171 - Last Review: November 7, 2003 - Revision: 2.0
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 32-Bit Enterprise Edition
kbenv kbdatabase kbprb KB141171

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