XL: Visual Basic Example Using If and Case Statements

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Article ID: 141691 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q141691
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SUMMARY

In Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications, there are two statements that you can use to perform a conditional test: an If...Then...Else statement or a Select Case statement. The If...Then...Else statement executes a group of statements based on the value of an expression, and the Select Case statement executes one of several of statements based on the value of an expression.

MORE INFORMATION

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. The following sample macros show how to use the If...Then...Else and the Select Case statements.

Sample Macro Using If...Then...Else Statement

   Sub Using_IF()

      ' Dimension the variable.
      Dim x As Integer
      ' Place a value in x.
      x = Int(Rnd * 100)
      ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 10.
      If x <= 10 Then
         ' Display a message box.
         MsgBox "X is <=10"

      ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 40 and greater than 10.
      ElseIf x <= 40 And x > 10 Then
         MsgBox "X is <=40 and > 10"

      ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 70 and greater than 40.
      ElseIf x <= 70 And x > 40 Then
         MsgBox "X is <=70 and > 40"

      ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 100 and greater than 70.
      ElseIf x <= 100 And x > 70 Then
         MsgBox "X is <= 100 and > 70"

      ' If none of the above tests returned true.
      Else
         MsgBox "X does not fall within the range"
      End If

   End Sub
				

Sample Macro Using Select Case Statement

   Sub Using_Case()

      ' Dimension the variable.
      Dim x As Integer
      ' Place a value in x.
      x = Int(Rnd * 100)

      ' Start the Select Case structure.
      Select Case x

         ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 10.
         Case Is <= 10
            ' Display a message box.
            MsgBox "X is <=10"

         ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 40 and greater than 10.
         Case 11 To 40
            MsgBox "X is <=40 and > 10"

         ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 70 and greater than 40.
         Case 41 To 70
            MsgBox "X is <=70 and > 40"

         ' Test to see if x less than or equal to 100 and greater than 70.
         Case 71 To 100
            MsgBox "X is <= 100 and > 70"

         ' If none of the above tests returned true.
         Case Else
            MsgBox "X does not fall within the range"
      End Select

   End Sub
				

REFERENCES

For more information about controlling program flow, click Answer Wizard on the Help menu and type:
tell me about conditional programming
"Visual Basic User's Guide," version 5.0, Chapter 7, "Controlling How Your Code Runs"

Microsoft Press: "Microsoft Excel/Visual Basic Programmer's Guide", version 7.0, Chapter 3, "Controlling Program Flow"

In Microsoft Excel version 5.0, click Contents on the Help menu, click Programming With Visual Basic; then click the Search button and type:
if

-or-

case
For additional information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
163435 VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications

Properties

Article ID: 141691 - Last Review: October 11, 2006 - Revision: 2.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Excel 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0c
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0 for Macintosh
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0a for Macintosh
  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 98 for Macintosh
Keywords: 
kbdtacode kbhowto kbprogramming KB141691
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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