Visual Basic Macro to Determine Which Button Was Selected

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Article ID: 143345 - View products that this article applies to.
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In Microsoft Excel, you can create a Microsoft Visual Basic for Application macro to determine which button on a dialog box or a worksheet was clicked. You can do this by using the Caller property in conjunction with a Select Case statement.


Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

To create a macro that determines which button was clicked

  1. To open a new workbook, click New on the File menu.
  2. To create a new dialog sheet, click Macro on the Insert menu, and then click Dialog.
  3. On the dialog sheet, add three buttons by clicking the Create Button button on the Forms toolbar.

    Note the defined names that Microsoft Excel gives each button in the Names box (the box at the left end of the formula bar).
  4. To insert a new module, click Macro on the Insert menu, and then click Module.
  5. In the new Module sheet, enter the following code:
           ' Procedure to display which button was pressed.
          Sub WhichButton()
             ' Assign the calling object to a variable.
             ButtonName = Application.Caller
             ' Display the name of the button that was clicked.
             Select Case ButtonName
                ' NOTE: When you type the name of the button, note that
                ' Visual Basic is case and space sensitive when comparing                                                
                ' strings. For example, "Button 6" and "button6" are not the 
                ' same.
                Case "Button 6"
                MsgBox Application.Caller & "  was Clicked"
                Case "Button 7"
                MsgBox Application.Caller & " was clicked."
                Case "Button 8"
                MsgBox Application.Caller & " was clicked."
             End Select
          End Sub
  6. Switch to the dialog sheet.
  7. To assign the WhichButton procedure to each button on the dialog sheet, select the button, click Assign Macro on the Tools menu, select the WhichButton macro, and click OK. (Repeat this step for each button on the dialog sheet.)
To display the dialog sheet, click Run Dialog on the Tools menu.


Article ID: 143345 - Last Review: October 11, 2006 - Revision: 2.3
  • Microsoft Excel 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0c
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0a for Macintosh
kbcode kbhowto kbprogramming KB143345
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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