???? ????? ?????? Windows NT ????? ???? ?? SAM

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 143475 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ? Windows XP ? Windows Server 2003 ???? ??? ??????? ? ???? 310105.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

Windows NT Server 4.0 ?????? ????? (Syskey.exe) ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? (SAM). ???? Windows NT Server ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? obfuscation ??????? ???????. ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????. ???? Windows NT Server ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????. ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? derivatives ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????.

Syskey.exe ??? ????? ? ?????? ?? Windows NT 4.0 ?? Service Pack 3 (SP3).

??????: ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? SYSKEY ??????? ???? SYSKEY ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? SYSKEY ???? ????? ??????? ??.

???: ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? Syskey ???? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
248183???? Syskey Reuses Keystream

??????? ????

??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????????. ?? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? "????? ??????" ?? Windows NT. ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? 128-??, ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????.

??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????. ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? Windows NT Workstation ??? ??? ????? ??????? ????. ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? SAM ?? ??????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? %systemroot%\repair ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? RDISK ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????????.

??? ????? "????? ??????" ???????? ????? Syskey.exe. ???? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ????? Syskey.exe. ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? "????? ??????". ????? ?????? "??????? ???????" ????????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????.

???? ????? ?????? ?????? "????? ??????" ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?? Windows NT. ?????? "????? ??????" ?? ???????:
  • ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? "????? ??????" ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? obfuscation ?????. ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????.
  • ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ???. ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? Windows NT ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????. ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????.
  • ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??? "?????" ??????? "????? ??????". ?????? Windows NT ????? ?????? "????? ??????" ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????. ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? "????? ??????" ?? ???? ??? ??????. ??? ??????? ????? MD5 ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????.
???? ?????? "????? ??????" ???????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows NT. ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? "????? ??????" ?? possession ????? "????? ??????" ???????? ??????? ??????. (??? ?? ??? "????? ??????" ??? ??? ???, ??? ???????? ?? ????? "????? ??????" ????.) ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? "????? ??????" ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????. ????? "????? ??????" ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? obfuscation ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ???. ?? ????????? ???? ???? ????? "????? ??????" ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????.

?????: ??? ???? ???? ?????? "????? ??????" ?? ????? ????? "????? ??????" ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????. ????? ?????? ??????? "????? ??????" ????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????. ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? "????? ??????" ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????. ???? ??? "???????? ?????" ?????.

?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? "?" ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????????? (DCs). ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? "???? ???? ?????? ????????" ???????? ???? ????? "????? ??????" ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? "????? ??????" ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? DCs ????? ?????????. ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? "????? ??????" ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????????.

??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? "? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???????" ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ????. ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ? ???? Microsoft ????? ???? ????? ?? "??? ??????? ?????? ???????", ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????, ???????? ????? /S. RDISK ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????Microsoft ?????? ???????? /S: RDISK
????? ???????: 122857
?????: /S RDISK ??????? RDISK /S-?? Windows NT

??? ??????? ????? SYSKEY ??? ?????? "????? ??????" ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????. ???? ????? SYSKEY ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????. ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?????. ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? "????? ?????" ?? ???? ??? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? "????? ????? ?????? ????????". ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? "????? ????? ?????? ????????" ????? "????? ??????".

??? ????? ?????? "????? ??????", ??? ????? ????? Windows NT ?????? "????? ??????" ????? ???????. ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? "????? ??????" ? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????. ???? ?? ??? ??????? "????? ??????" Windows NT ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????. ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? "????? ??????" ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????.

????? ????? SYSKEY ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????. ????? SYSKEY "-l" ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????. ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????. ???? ??????? ????? SYSKEY ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? "????? ??????" ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? "????? ??????" ??? ????? ????. ????? ????? "????? ??????" ????? ?? possession ?? "????? ??????" ??????. ??? ?????? ???? ?????? "????? ??????" ??????? ??????, SYSKEY ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? (???? ?? 12 ?????). ???? ??? ???? ?????? "????? ??????" 128 ?????.

??? ?? ??? ????? SYSKEY ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? SAM ??? ????? ???? ???? ???????? (BDC) ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? (PDC). ?????? ????? defeated ???? ????? SYSKEY.

????? ???????

????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? SYSTEM ?????? SAM ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? Windows NT. ????? ??????? ????? RDISK ?? ?????? /S ?????? "??? ????? ??????? ???????" ???? ?? ?????? \Repair ??? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? SYSTEM ? SAM ?? ???????.

?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ?? ???? "??? ????? ??????? ???????" ??????? ??????:
  • ??? ????? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????" ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? "??? ????? ???? - ??????? ????" ????? ??? ???? ?? "????? ??????" ? "??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? "??? ????? ???? - ??????? ??????" ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? Windows NT CDROM.
  • ??? ????? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????" ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????? SYSKEY ????? ??? ?????. ??? ??????? ??? ?? "??????? - ??? ?????". ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? Windows NT ?? ????.
  • ??? ????? SYSKEY ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????. ??? ??????? ??? ?? "??????? - ??? ?????". ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? "????? ??????" ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ??????? ?????? "?????? ?????" ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????:
  • ????? ??????? SYSTEM ? SAM
  • ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????: Winlogon.exe, Samsrv.dll, Samlib.dll
???? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???????. ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??????.

???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????.

Desired System        Repair disk to        Repaired System
Configuration         apply
after Repair
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Windows NT 4.0,       Use the "Pre-hotfix"  Registry matches system before
prior to hotfix       repair disk           hotfix installed; the three
installation                                system security component
                                            files need to be repaired from
                                            the Windows NT 4.0 compact
                                            disc to match the pre-hotfix
                                            registry format.

Windows NT 4.0 with   Use the "hotfix -     Registry matches the system
hotfix installed,     Before Encryption"    before strong encryption.
but strong            repair disk           System Key is not in effect;
encryption is not                           strong encryption not enabled.
enabled                                     System security files do not
                                            need to be repaired from the
                                            Windows NT 4.0 compact disc.

Windows NT 4.0 with   Use the "hotfix -     Registry matches the system
hotfix installed,     After Encryption"     with strong encryption
and strong            repair disk           enabled; the System Key in
encryption is                               effect is the System Key used
enabled                                     at the time the repair disk
                                            was made.
				


?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? "????? ??????" ? ????? SYSTEM ? SAM ?? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????. ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? "????? ??????" ?? ????? SYSTEM ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????? SAM ?? ???????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? "????? ??????" ???? ????? (???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????) ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????.

???? ????? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????" ????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? (Winlogon.exe Samsrv.dll ? Samlib.dll) ?? ??? System.log. ??? ??? ????? System.log ??? ??? "????? ??????? ???????". ??? ??????? ????? System.log ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? "??? Windows NT Server 4.0 ???????" ??????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???????. ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? Windows NT Server 4.0 ?? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????" ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???.

??? ????? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????" ?? ??? ????? ????? ???, ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????" (???? ?????? ??? ??????? "pre-??????? ??????") ??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? SYSTEM ? SAM. ??? ?? ????? ???????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ??? ??? (??? ??? C00000DF) ??? ?????? ????? ??????. ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????. ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??? "??? ????? ???? - ???????" ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? "??????? - ??? ?????" ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? "????? ??????".

???????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? (Winlogon Samsrv.dll ? Samlib.dll) ? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? "??? - ??????? ????" ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? Windows NT Server 4.0. ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? SYSTEM ? SAM ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? "??? - ??????? ??????".

?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? 128-?? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????. ?????? ??????? ????????? Syskey ????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? SAM ? ??? ?????? ?? ???????. ?? ???? ?? ????? APIs ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? 128-?? Syskey ????? ???????? general-purpose.

???????

???? ???????: 143475 - ????? ??? ??????: 10/????/1427 - ??????: 2.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbenv kbinfo kbnetwork KB143475 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????143475

????? ???????

 

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