ACC: How to Use Code to Change Column Headings in Crosstab Query

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Article ID: 155489 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q155489
Moderate: Requires basic macro, coding, and interoperability skills.
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SUMMARY

This article shows you how to use Visual Basic for Applications to change the column headings in a crosstab query.

This article assumes that you are familiar with Visual Basic for Applications and with creating Microsoft Access applications using the programming tools provided with Microsoft Access. For more information about Visual Basic for Applications, please refer to your version of the "Building Applications with Microsoft Access" manual.

NOTE: Visual Basic for Applications is called Access Basic in Microsoft Access version 2.0. For more information about Access Basic, please refer to the "Building Applications" manual.

NOTE: A demonstration of the technique used in this article can be seen in the sample file, Qrysmp97.exe. For information about how to obtain this sample file, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
182568 ACC97: Microsoft Access 97 Sample Queries Available in Download Center

MORE INFORMATION

The only way you can programmatically change the column headings in a crosstab query is to modify the PIVOT clause of the query's SQL property.

The following example shows you how to create a crosstab query in Microsoft Access. Then it shows you how to change the query's column headings using Visual Basic for Applications to modify the PIVOT clause of the query's SQL property. This example uses the sample database Northwind.mdb (or NWIND.MDB in 2.0).
  1. Open the sample database Northwind.mdb (or NWIND.MDB in 2.0).
  2. Create a new query in Design view and add the Customers and Orders tables.
  3. On the Query menu, click Crosstab.
  4. In the query grid, add the following fields:
           Field: Country
              Total: Group By
              Crosstab: Row Heading
              Sort: Ascending
           Field: Country Total: OrderID (or Order ID in version 2.0)
              Total: Count
              Crosstab: Row Heading
           Field: CompanyName (or Company Name in version 2.0)
              Total: Group By
              Crosstab: Column Heading
           Field: OrderID (or Order ID in version 2.0)
              Total: Count
              Crosstab: Value
  5. On the Query menu, click Run. The query counts each customer's orders and groups them by country. Note that each customer's name appears as a column heading.
  6. On the View menu, click SQL. Note that the PIVOT clause at the end of the SQL statement reads "PIVOT Customers.CompanyName;" (or "PIVOT Customers.[Company Name];" in version 2.0).
  7. Save the query as qryOrdersByCountry, and then close it.
  8. Create a module, and type the following line in the Declarations section if it is not already there:
    Option Explicit
  9. Type the following procedure.

    In Microsoft Access 7.0 and 97:
     Function ChangeColumnHeadings()
          Dim db As DATABASE
          Dim qd As QueryDef
          Dim strSQL as string
          Set db = CurrentDb()
          Set qd = db.QueryDefs("qryOrdersByCountry")
          strSQL = "TRANSFORM Count(Orders.[OrderID]) AS [CountOfOrder ID] "
          strSQL = strSQL & "SELECT Customers.Country, "
          strSQL = strSQL & "Count(Orders.[OrderID]) AS [Country Total] "
          strSQL = strSQL & "FROM Customers INNER JOIN Orders ON "
          strSQL = strSQL & "Customers.[CustomerID] = Orders.[CustomerID] "
          strSQL = strSQL & "GROUP BY Customers.Country ORDER BY "
          strSQL = strSQL & "Customers.Country PIVOT "
          strSQL = strSQL & "IIf(Customers.[CompanyName] Like 'A*', "
          strSQL = strSQL & "'A', 'B-Z');"
          qd.SQL = strSQL
          End Function
    						
    In Microsoft Access 2.0:
          Function ChangeColumnHeadings()
          Dim db As DATABASE
          Dim qd As QueryDef
          Dim strSQL as string
          Set db = CurrentDb()
          Set qd = db.QueryDefs("qryOrdersByCountry")
          strSQL = "TRANSFORM Count(Orders.[Order ID]) AS [CountOfOrder ID] "
          strSQL = strSQL & "SELECT Customers.Country, "
          strSQL = strSQL & "Count(Orders.[Order ID]) AS [Country Total] "
          strSQL = strSQL & "FROM Customers INNER JOIN Orders ON "
          strSQL = strSQL & "Customers.[Customer ID] = Orders.[Customer ID] "
          strSQL = strSQL & "GROUP BY Customers.Country ORDER BY "
          strSQL = strSQL & "Customers.Country PIVOT "
          strSQL = strSQL & "IIf(Customers.[Company Name] Like 'A*', "
          strSQL = strSQL & "'A', 'B-Z');"
          qd.SQL = strSQL
          End Function
    
    						
  10. To test this function, type the following line in the Debug window (or the Immediate window in version 2.0), and then press ENTER.
    ?ChangeColumnHeadings()
  11. Run the qryOrdersByCountry query. Note that there are two column headings. One column heading is called "A," which counts the orders for company names starting with letter A; one is called "B-Z," which counts the orders for company names starting with letters B through Z.
  12. On the View menu, click SQL. Note that only the wording of the PIVOT clause has changed from the SQL in the original query.

REFERENCES

For more information about the SQL property of a QueryDef object, search the Help Index on the phrase "SQL property," and then view "SQL Property," or ask the Microsoft Access 97 Office Assistant.

For more information about using the IIf() function, search the Help Index for "IIf function," or ask the Microsoft Access 97 Office Assistant.

Properties

Article ID: 155489 - Last Review: January 19, 2007 - Revision: 2.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Access 2.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 97 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbhowto kbprogramming kbusage KB155489
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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