????? ??????? ???? ????????--Nltest.exe

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 158148 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? Windows NT ?????????? ?? ???, ?? ???? ????? trusting ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????-?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???

???? ???????

NLTEST ????? ???

Nltest.exe ?? ?? ???? ????? ????-?????? ?????? ?? Windows NT ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? (PDC) ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? (BDC) ??? ???

?? Windows NT ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??, ??? ?? Windows NT ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? trusting ?????, ?? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? discrete ????? ???? trusting ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? "??" trusts ????? "B" ?? "B" ?????? ?? ????????? ?????, ?? "??" ?? trusting ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???, "???" "J" ?????, ?? ????? trusts ????? suppose "J" trusts ????? "???"? ?? ?????? ???, ??? ?? distinct ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???, ?? ?? 2-????? ?? ???????? ??? ??, ???????? ???? diagnosis, ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ????, ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? trusting ????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???

??????? ????? transitive ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???, ????? "X" trusts ????? "Y", ?? ???? ??? ????? "Z" trusts suppose. ?? ????? "X" trusts ????? "Z" imply ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???

??????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???-??? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? "implicit" ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???, ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? "???????:" ??????? ????? ???, ???? "implicit" ??????? ????? ?????? ?? functionally ?????? ??? ??? Windows NT ?? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? implicit ??????? ????? ??? ???????: ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? Implicit ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? becoming ?????? ??????? ????

Nltest.exe ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?? Windows NT ?? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? NLTEST ???? ????? ??? BDCs ?? ???? PDC ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???????: ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ??, ??? NLTEST trusting ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????

?? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? Windows NT ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? Pass-Through ??????? ??? ???? ??, ?? ?? ??? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?? Windows NT ??? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ???

Nltest.exe ????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????, ??? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???, Nltest.exe ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? Nltest.exe ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????, ??? ?? ????????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???-??????, ???? WINS ????? ?????????, IPX ???? ??????????? ?? NetBEUI ???????? ?? ???????

??? ?? ??????? ?????, ?? ????? ?????????????, ?? ???? ??? ??????, ???????, ?? Nltest.exe ?????? ???????? ?????

????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? "NLTEST.EXE" ???? ???? ??????? ????

C:\NTRESKIT>nltest
?????: nltest [/OPTIONS]
/ ?????: <servername>-????????? <servername> </servername></servername>

/ ?????? - <servername>???????? ????</servername> ??????

/ REPL - <servername>BDC</servername> ?? ?? ?? ???????????

/ ?????????????? - ?? <servername>BDC</servername> ?? ??????????? ????

<servername>PDC</servername> ?? ?? UAS ????????? ????? PDC_REPL /

/ SC_QUERY: <domainname>-?????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? <domain>?? <servername> </servername></domain></domainname>

/ SC_RESET: <domainname>-????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? <domain>?? <servername> </servername></domain></domainname>

/ DCLIST: <domainname>-??????? DC ?? ??? ???? <domainname> </domainname></domainname>

/ DCNAME: <domainname>-?? ??? PDC ??? ??????? <domainname> </domainname></domainname>

/ DCTRUST: <domainname>-DC ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? <domainname> </domainname></domainname>

/ WHOWILL: <domain>* <user>[<iteration>]-??? ????? <domain>??? ?? ?????? <user> </user></domain></iteration></user></domain>

/ FINDUSER: <user>-?? ????????? ????? <domain>??? ?? ?????? <user> </user></domain></user>

/ TRANSPORT_NOTIFY - ?? ?? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????? ????

/ RID: <hexrid>- ?? ??? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? RID</hexrid>

/ ??????????: <username>-?????????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? <servername> </servername></username>

/ TIME: <hex lsl=""> <hex msl="">- NT GMT ??? ASCII ??? ?????? ????</hex></hex>

/ LOGON_QUERY - ????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????

/ TRUSTED_DOMAINS - ?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ?????? ???

/ BDC_QUERY: <domainname>-?? ??? BDCs ?? ????????? ?????? ?????? <domainname> </domainname></domainname>

/ SIM_SYNC: <domainname> <machinename>- ????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????</machinename></domainname>

/ LIST_DELTAS: <filename>-??? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????</filename>

/ LIST_REDO: <filename>- ??? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????</filename>

???????? ?????????? ?? Nltest.exe ????? ?? ?????

/ ?????: <servername>: Remotes Nltest.exe ????????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??, ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??? </servername>

?????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? healthy ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? / PDC ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ???

/ REPL ?? ????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? BDC.

/SYNC forces ??????? ?? ????????? BDC ?? ?????, ????? ????????????? ???

/ ??? BDCs ???? ?? ??? forces ????? ????????? ???? PDC_REPL ????????? PDC ???

/ SC_QUERY: <domainname>??? ????????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????, ?????, ?? BDC ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? PDC ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? </domainname>

/ SC_RESET: <domainname>??????? ?? ?????? ??????????, ?????, ?? BDC ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? PDC ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? </domainname>

/ DCLIST: <domainname>??? ????? ??????????, PDC, ?? ??? BDCs ???????</domainname> ???? ??? ?? ??????

/ DCNAME: <domainname>???????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????</domainname> ???? ??? ?? ??????

/ DCTRUST: <domainname>???????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ???? tests ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????, ?????, ?? BDC ?? ??? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? PDC ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? </domainname>

/ WHOWILL: <domain><user>????? ??????? ?? ???-?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? </user></domain>

/ FINDUSER: <user>??????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? (SMB) ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ????-???? ???????, ???? Workgroups ??????? 3.1 ?? ????????-??? ????????????? ??? Windows 95, Windows ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??? </user>

/ ??????????: <username>?? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??</username> ?????????? ???? ????????

/ LOGON_QUERY ????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???

/ ????????? ???? TRUSTED_DOMAINS ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ?????

/ BDC_QUERY: <domainname>????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??</domainname> ???? ??????????????

/ LIST_DELTAS: <filename>netlogon.chg ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???????</filename> ?????????? ???? ????????

/ LIST_REDO: <filename>netlogon.chg ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???????</filename> ?????????? ???? ????????

Nltest.exe ?? ?????? ??????

?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? Windows NT ?????????? TEST3 ???? ??? ??? ???????? TESTD ????? ?? ????? ??, ?? TESTD ????? trusts ESS ????? suppose.

NLTEST ?? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???
   C:\>nltest /trusted_domains
   Trusted domain list:
      ESS
   The command completed successfully
				

????? ?????????? TESTD ????? ??? ????????? ????:
   C:\>nltest /dclist:testd
   List of DCs in Domain testd
      \\TEST2 (PDC)
      \\TEST1
   The command completed successfully
				

????? ?????????? ESS ????? ??? ????????? ????:
   C:\>nltest /dclist:ess
   List of DCs in Domain ess
      \\NET1 (PDC)
   The command completed successfully
				

???? TESTD ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ESS ????? ??? ??? DC ?? ??? ???????? ???? ????
   C:\>nltest /server:test1 /sc_query:ess
   Flags: 0
   Connection Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   Trusted DC Name \\NET1
   Trusted DC Connection Status Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   The command completed successfully

   C:\>nltest /server:test2 /sc_query:ess
   Flags: 0
   Connection Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   Trusted DC Name \\NET1
   Trusted DC Connection Status Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   The command completed successfully
				

?????????? TESTD ????? ?? ????? ??, ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? implicit ??????? ???
   C:\>nltest /server:test3 /sc_query:testd
   Flags: 0
   Connection Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   Trusted DC Name \\TEST2
   Trusted DC Connection Status Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   The command completed successfully
				

??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????:
   C:\>nltest /whowill:ESS bob
   [20:58:55] Mail message 0 sent successfully
   (\MAILSLOT\NET\GETDC939)
   [20:58:55] Response 0: S:\\NET1 D:ESS A:bob (Act found)
   The command completed successfully

   C:\>nltest /whowill:testd test
   [21:26:13] Response 0: S:\\TEST2 D:TESTD A:test (Act found)
   [21:26:15] Mail message 0 sent successfully
   (\MAILSLOT\NET\GETDC295)
   The command completed successfully
				

NLTEST ???? ??? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???
   C:\>nltest /finduser:sweppler
   Domain Name: ESS
   Trusted DC Name \\NET1
   The command completed successfully
				

BDC ?????????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????: ???? ?? ???
   C:\>nltest /bdc_query:testd
   Server : \\TEST1
      SyncState : IN_SYNC
      ConnectionState : Status = 0 0x0 NERR_Success
   The command completed successfully
				

Nltest.exe ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???

????? ??? PDC ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????:

C:\ nltest /PDC_Repl

????? ?? ?????, ????? ????? ????????, ?? Windows NT ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????

C:\ nltest /Server: <pdcname>/PDC_Repl</pdcname>

???? PDCName PDC, ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??)

?? ???????? ????? ????????, ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????????????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????

???

???? ID: 158148 - ????? ???????: 02 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 4.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
??????: 
kbenv kbinfo kbnetwork kbmt KB158148 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:158148

??????????? ???

 

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