Get External Returns Incorrect Data and/or Blank Rows

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Article ID: 158835 - View products that this article applies to.
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SYMPTOMS

When you use the Get External Data command on the Data menu to return data from an external data source, the data that is returned is not correct. Some fields or rows that should contain data are blank; or some fields or rows contain incorrect data.

CAUSE

This problem may occur when Microsoft Excel uses the Microsoft Query dynamic data exchange (DDE) Fetch command to return the data to the worksheet. This problem occurs only under Windows 95. The problem does not occur when you use Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 or later.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in the Microsoft products listed at the beginning of this article. The problem has been corrected in Microsoft Excel 97 for Windows.

MORE INFORMATION

For additional information on using DDE with Microsoft Query, please see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
149581 MSQuery: How to Retrieve Request Items Using DDERequest to MSQuery

142357 XL: Visual Basic Example Using BuildSQL

105953 MSQuery: Obtaining Login String from DDE Request to Query
You can use the following workarounds to avoid the problem described above.

Microsoft provides examples of Visual Basic for Applications procedures for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. The Visual Basic procedures in this article are provided 'as is' and Microsoft does not guarantee that they can be used in all situations. While Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular macro, they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality, nor will they help you construct macros to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to consult one of the Microsoft Solution Providers. Solution Providers offer a wide range of fee-based services, including creating custom macros. For more information about Microsoft Solution Providers, call Microsoft Customer Information Service at (800) 426-9400.

The following methods describe macros that you can use to successfully return external data to your worksheet.

Method 1: Using Data Access Objects (DAO)

You can use DAO in your macro to return the data to the worksheet. If you use this method, you must specify the path to the database, the Structured Query Language (SQL) statement for the query, and the destination cell for the data. The following macro example returns the data without any user interaction. To use this macro, use the following steps:
  1. On the Insert menu, point to Macro and click Module.
  2. In the Visual Basic module, type the following code:
          Sub GetDataUsingDAO()
    
              'Open the database.
              Set Db = opendatabase("c:\my documents\db1.mdb")
    
              'Create a recordset using a SQL statement.
              Set RS = Db.OpenRecordset("Select * from Table1")
    
              'Copy the field names starting at Sheet1!A1.
              For i = 1 To RS.Fields.Count
                  Range("Sheet1!A1").Offset(, i - 1) = RS(i - 1).Name
              Next
    
              'Copy the results starting at Sheet1!A2.
              Range("Sheet1!A2").CopyFromRecordset RS
    
              Db.Close
    
          End Sub
    					
  3. Click References on the Tools menu, select "Microsoft DAO 3.0 Object Library", and then click OK.

    The "Microsoft DAO 3.0 Object Library" check box should contain a check mark.
  4. Click Macro on the Tools menu, click GetDataUsingDAO, and click Run to run the macro.

Method 2: Using DDE with Microsoft Query

You can use DDE with Microsoft Query to return the data to the worksheet. When you use this method, you interactively select the data source, select the database, and create the query. To use this macro, use the following steps:
  1. On the Insert menu, point to Macro and click Module.
  2. Type the following code in the module.
    Sub GetDataUsingDDE()
    
        Dim chan As Integer
        Dim r As Variant, c As Variant
        Dim StartCell As Range
        Dim RowsToRetrieve As String
        Dim i As Integer
    
        'Activate query - if it is not running, an error occurs and the
        'error handler StartQuery will start Query.
        On Error GoTo StartQuery
        AppActivate "Microsoft Query"
        On Error GoTo 0
    
        'Initiate a channel to query and return control to the user.
        chan = DDEInitiate("MSquery", "system")
        DDEExecute chan, _
            "[UserControl('&Return Data To Microsoft Excel', 3, true)]"
    
        'Prompt the user for the cell to return the data to.
        Set StartCell = Application.InputBox( _
            prompt:="Select the starting cell", Type:=8)
    
        'Obtain the number of rows and columns in the result.
        r = DDERequest(chan, "NumRows")
        c = DDERequest(chan, "NumCols")
    
        'Return the headers to the first row at the starting cell.
        DDEExecute chan, "[Fetch('Excel','" & StartCell.Worksheet.Name & _
            "','" & StartCell.Resize(, c(1)).Address( _
            ReferenceStyle:=xlR1C1) & "','R1:R1/Headers')]"
    
        'Return the data to the worksheet 100 rows at a time.
        For i = 1 To r(1) Step 100
            RowsToRetrieve = "R" & i & ":R" & i + 100 - 1
            DDEExecute chan, "[Fetch('Excel','" & StartCell.Worksheet.Name _
                & "','" & StartCell.Offset(i).Resize(100, c(1)).Address( _
                ReferenceStyle:=xlR1C1) & "','" & RowsToRetrieve & "')]"
            DoEvents
        Next
    
        'Terminate the channel.
        DDETerminate chan
    
       Exit Sub
    
    
    StartQuery:
           Shell "c:\program files\common files\microsoft shared" & _
               "\msquery\msqry32.exe", 2
           DoEvents
           Resume
    End Sub
    
    					
NOTE: This example uses the DDE Fetch command to return the data to the worksheet 100 rows at a time. To increase or decrease the number of rows that are returned, modify the Step argument in the following line:
   For i = 1 To r(1) Step 100
				
  1. Click Macro on the Tools menu, click GetDataUsingDDE, and click Run to run the macro.
Microsoft Query starts.

  1. Create your query and then click "Return Data to Microsoft Excel" on the File menu.
  2. When you are prompted, select a cell for the data and click OK.

REFERENCES

For more information about Data Access Objects, click the Index tab in Microsoft Excel Help, type the following text
data access, using
and then double-click the selected text to go to the "Using Data Access" topic.

Properties

Article ID: 158835 - Last Review: October 4, 2013 - Revision: 1.6
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Excel 95a
  • Microsoft Excel 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbprb kbprogramming KB158835

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