How to Determine If a Workbook or a Worksheet Is Protected

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Article ID: 161245 - View products that this article applies to.
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This article provides Visual Basic for Applications sample macros that determine whether a workbook or a worksheet is protected.


Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

Example 1: Determining Whether a Workbook Is Protected

   Dim X As Boolean

   Sub Test_Workbook_Protection()

       X = False

       If ActiveWorkbook.ProtectWindows Then X = True
       If ActiveWorkbook.ProtectStructure Then X = True

       If X = False Then
           MsgBox "The workbook is not protected."
           MsgBox "The workbook is protected."
       End If

   End Sub

Example 2: Determining Whether a Worksheet Is Protected

   Sub Test_Worksheet_Protection()

       X = False

       If ActiveSheet.ProtectContents Then X = True
       If ActiveSheet.ProtectDrawingObjects Then X = True
       If ActiveSheet.ProtectScenarios Then X = True

       If X = False Then
           MsgBox "The worksheet is not protected."
           MsgBox "The worksheet is protected."
       End If

   End Sub


For additional information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
163435 VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications

Microsoft Excel 97

For more information about protection in Microsoft Excel, click the Index tab in Microsoft Excel Help, type the following text
protecting, worksheets and workbooks
and then double-click the selected text to go to the "Control access to workbooks and worksheets" topic.

Microsoft Excel 5.0

For more information about protection in Microsoft Excel, click the Search button in Help and type:
protecting documents


Article ID: 161245 - Last Review: October 11, 2006 - Revision: 2.3
  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 98 for Macintosh
kbdtacode kbprogramming KB161245
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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