????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? Tracert ???????? ?????? TCP/IP ?? Windows ????????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 162326 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows XP ?? ??? ???????? ???? 314868.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????. ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????. ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ? Microsoft":
322756 ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows


????? TRACERT (???? ?????) ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? IP ?????? ??? ????.

?????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? tracert ????? Ip ?? tracert ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???????.

?????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????:
  • ??? ???? ????? TRACERT
  • ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? TRACERT
  • ???? ???? TRACERT

??????? ????

????? ??? ????? TRACERT

???? ???? ??????? ???????? TRACERT ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? echo ???????? ????? ???? ?????? (ICMP) ?? ????? ??? IP ??? ????? (TTL) ??????. ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? TTL ??? ???? ?????? 1 ??? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ???? TTL ??? ????? ??????. ????? ??? TTL ??? ???? ??? 0? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ICMP ??? ????????? ??????.

???? TRACERT ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? TTL ?????? 1 ?????? ???? TTL ?????? 1 ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? TTL. ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ICMP ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????. ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? TTLs ?????? ???????? ???? ????? TRACERT.

???? TRACERT ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ICMP. ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???????-d (???? ???? TRACERT ???? ?????? ??? DNS ??? ?? ????? IP)? ??? ??????? ?? ????? IP ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????.

?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? (157.54.48.1 ? 11.1.0.67) ?????? ??? ?????? 11.1.0.1. ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?? 157.54.48.1 ?????? IP ????? ??????? ??? 11.1.0.0 ???? ??????? ??? 11.1.0.67.

C:\>tracert 11.1.0.1
   Tracing route to 11.1.0.1 over a maximum of 30 hops

   1     2 ms     3 ms     2 ms  157.54.48.1
   2    75 ms    83 ms    88 ms  11.1.0.67
   3    73 ms    79 ms    93 ms  11.1.0.1

   Trace complete.
				

??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? TRACERT

???? ??????? ????? TRACERT ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????. ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? 22.110.0.1. ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? 22.110.0.0 ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? (????? IP ??? ????).

C:\>tracert 22.110.0.1
   Tracing route to 22.110.0.1 over a maximum of 30 hops

   1  157.54.48.1  reports: Destination net unreachable.

   Trace complete.
				

TRACERT ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? (????? ??????? ?? ??????).

???? ???? TRACERT

???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ?? TRACERT? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????.

???? ???? TRACERT:

tracert [-d] [-h maximum_hops] [-j host-list] [-w timeout] target_name

????????:
   -d 
      Specifies to not resolve addresses to host names.

   -h maximum_hops
      Specifies the maximum number of hops to search for target.

   -j host-list
      Specifies loose source route along the host-list.

   -w timeout
      Waits the number of milliseconds specified by timeout for each
      reply.

   target_name
      Name or IP address of the target host.
				
????? ??????? ??????-j ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ????. ???????? ??????-j ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? IP. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? tracert ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ???:
* <router1>
* <router2>
* <router3>
* <router4>
* <hostname>

?????? ??? ???? router4 ??????? ??? ?????????? ???? ???-tracertrouter4>???? ?????????>.

??? ???? ?????? ??? router4 ??????? ??? ?????????. ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???:
* <router1>
* <router2>
* <router3>
* <router4>
* <router3>
* <router2>
* <router1>
* <mycomputer>

???????

???? ???????: 162326 - ????? ??? ??????: 02/????? ???????/1435 - ??????: 7.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
????? ??????: 
kbhowto kbinfo kbnetwork kbmt KB162326 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????162326

????? ???????

 

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