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Using Sc.exe and Netsvc.exe to Control Services Remotely
Article ID: 166819 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q166819
Windows NT Server 4.0 Resource Kit Supplement 1, comes with two new administrative utilities to work remotely with Windows NT services.
The new utilities are:
It is possible to use Sc.exe and Netsvc.exe to switch the start value of a service, and to remotely start and stop a service.
Using these resource kit utilities provides the ability to accomplish the registry change and ensure that the change is registered with the Services Control Manager. The Services Control Manager database is updated dynamically when using these utilities, allowing you to change the start values and stop and restart services remotely. Otherwise, the remote modification to the registry will require you to restart the remote computer or to make the change in the Services tool in Control Panel at the remote computer.
For a detailed explanation of the working of Service Control Manager, and the API set used, consult the Windows NT 4.0 Device Driver Kit (DDK), and the Windows NT 4.0 Software Development Kit (SDK).
An example of how to remotely change the start value of the Schedule service to disabled, test it for the disabled option, reset to manual, and then start the services follows.
In the example, the computer running the commands is MYMACHINE. The remote computer is REMOTE1. Administrative rights are required to perform the following commands on the remote computer:
C:\>sc \\REMOTE1 config Schedule start= disabledThe specified service is disabled and cannot be started.
[SC] ChangeServiceConfig SUCCESS
C:\>netsvc /start \\REMOTE1 "Schedule"
Error code 1058
C:\net helpmsg 1058
C:\>sc \\REMOTE1 config Schedule start= demand [SC] ChangeServiceConfig SUCCESS
C:\>netsvc /start \\REMOTE1 "Schedule" Service is pending start on \\REMOTE1
C:\>sc \\REMOTE1 qc Schedule [SC] GetServiceConfig SUCCESS
SERVICE_NAME: Schedule TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCESS START_TYPE : 3 DEMAND_START ERROR_CONTROL : 1 NORMAL BINARY_PATH_NAME : C:\WINNT\System32\AtSvc.Exe LOAD_ORDER_GROUP : TAG : 0 DISPLAY_NAME : Schedule DEPENDENCIES : SERVICE_START_NAME : LocalSystem
You can automate the previous example through a batch file.
Consult the Windows NT Server 4.0 Resource Kit, Supplement 1, for additional information on the syntax and use of Sc.exe and Netsvc.exe.
Article ID: 166819 - Last Review: February 27, 2007 - Revision: 2.2