Native MS-DOS Commands and the Space Character

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Article ID: 166827 - View products that this article applies to.
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The Windows operating system uses various command interpreters to process commands at a command prompt, such as This can cause confusion when you are using native, or internal, commands (such as CHDIR, MKDIR, RMDIR, and so on) at a command prompt, particularly in conjunction with the space character.


Various Windows operating systems may generate different results for the same command when typed at a command prompt. For example, the following command generates different results:
c:\>md This is a Directory
In Windows 95, this command generates the following error message:
Too many parameters - is
In Windows NT-based computers and later, this command generates four separate folders:
In this example, the internal MD command treats the use of the space character differently depending on the command interpreter used. in Windows 95 does not allow the spaces, while Cmd.exe in Windows NT (and later) treats the spaces as delimiters and processes the command by treating each word after the command as a separate parameter.

Note that in each case, the interpreter does not create a long file name or long folder name that includes spaces without the use of quotation marks. To create a long folder name with spaces at a command prompt, use quotation marks as in the following example:
c:\>md "This is a Directory"
In this case, both operating systems create one folder with the long file name "This is a Directory."


Microsoft Windows NT System Guide, version 3.5.


Article ID: 166827 - Last Review: February 26, 2007 - Revision: 2.2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.5
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95

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