How To Kill an Application with System Menu Using VB

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Article ID: 168204 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

Microsoft Visual Basic for Windows can use the Microsoft Windows API SendMessage function to close any active window that has a system menu (referred to as the Control Box within Visual Basic for Windows) with the Close option.

MORE INFORMATION

This sample program uses the Windows API SendMessage function to post a message to any window in the environment, provided the handle to the window is known. The API FindWindow function is used to determine the handle associated with the window the user wants to close. To use FindWindow, you must know either the ClassName or the Caption (if any) of that window. Please see the REFERENCES section below for more information.

Steps to Create Example Program

  1. Start Visual Basic and select Standard EXE. If Visual Basic is already running, click New Project on the File menu and select Standard EXE. Form1 is created by default.
  2. Create two Command Buttons called Command1 and Command2.
  3. On the Project menu, click Add Module (ALT, P, M). Module1 is created by default.
  4. In the Declarations section, declare the following two API functions:
          Declare Function FindWindow _
           Lib "user32" Alias "FindWindowA" _
           (ByVal lpClassName As String, _
           ByVal lpWindowName As String) _
           As Long
    
          Declare Function SendMessage _
           Lib "user32" Alias "SendMessageA" _
           (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
           ByVal wMsg As Long, _
           ByVal wParam As Long, _
           lParam As Long) _
           As Long
    
    						
  5. Within the Command1 Click event, add the following code:
          Private Sub Command1_Click()
             Shell "Calc.exe", vbNormalFocus
          End Sub
    
    						
  6. Within the Command2 Click event, add the following code:
          Private Sub Command2_Click()
             Dim lpClassName As String
             Dim lpCaption As String
             Dim Handle As Long
    
             Const NILL = 0&
             Const WM_SYSCOMMAND = &H112
             Const SC_CLOSE = &HF060&
    
             lpClassName = "SciCalc"
             lpCaption = "Calculator"
    
          '* Determine the handle to the Calculator window.
             Handle = FindWindow(lpClassName$, lpCaption$)
    
          '* Post a message to Calc to end its existence.
             Handle = SendMessage(Handle, WM_SYSCOMMAND, SC_CLOSE, NILL)
    
          End Sub
    
    						
  7. On the Run menu, click Start or press the F5 key to start the program. Clicking the Command1 button starts a (new) instance of the Windows Calculator accessory. Clicking on the Command2 button kills an instance of the Calculator.

REFERENCES

For more information on the FindWindow and SendMessage functions, query on the following words in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
FindWindow and Visual Basic or SendMessage and Visual Basic

For information on a different sample application that returns assorted information for a windowed application, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
112649 : How to Get a Window's Class Name and Other Window Attributes

Properties

Article ID: 168204 - Last Review: February 28, 2014 - Revision: 3.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhowto KB168204

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