????? ??????? ?????? TCP/IP ???????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 169790 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????????????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? TCP/IP ????????? ??????????. ??? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????????:
  • ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? IP ????.

  • ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? NetBIOS.
??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? IP ????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? Ip ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? IP ??? ?????? ?? ??????? NetBIOS? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????.

??????: ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ??? NT ?????? 2000? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? Win9x (?? ??? ????? ??). ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows ???.

??????? ????

?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? IP ???.

??????? ?????? IP

???? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? IP ?????? ?? TCP/IP ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ???????. ????????? ftp? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?? TCP/IP.

??????: ??? ?? ???? ????? IP ????? Windows NT ?? 2000 ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? IPCONFIG/ALL ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????.

??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? IP ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? isa. ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? "???????? ?????? IP ???" ????? ??? ???????. Ifyou ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? IP ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? NetBIOS ????????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???. ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? "???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? NetBIOS" ???? ????????? ???????.

??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? IP ????

???? ????????? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????????????? ??????? ????? IP ????? ??.

???? ?? ????? TCP/IP

??? ??????? TCP/IP ????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? TCP/IP ??? ???? (??? ????? IP ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????) ????? ???????????????. ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??????? Windows NT ?? 2000 ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? TCP/IP ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? "???? ???????" ????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? TCP/IP ?? DHCP ???????. ?????? ????? "???? ???????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???????.

??????: ??? "???? ???????" ?????? ??? ?? DHCP? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????.

??? ??? ????? ????? TCP/IP ?? ??? ?????? ?? "???? ???????"? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? IP ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? IP ????.

??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? "???? ???????"? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? TCP/IP ????????:
  1. ?????? ????? IPCONFIG ?????? ??????? TCP/IP ???????? ????????? ????? ??. ?????? ????? ???? ipconfig ?? ???? ???????.
  2. ???? ?? ?? ????? IP ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? IPCONFIG ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????? ??. ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????.

?????? ????? ????? ?????????

?????? ????? PING ?????? ?? ?? TCP/IP ???? ???? ????. ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? (127.0.0.1) ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
????? ????? ping 127.0.0.1
?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???:
   Pinging 127.0.0.1 with 32 bytes of data:

   Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=<10ms TTL=128
   Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=<10ms TTL=128
   Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=<10ms TTL=128
   Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=<10ms TTL=128
				
??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? TCP/IP ??? ????????????????. ?????? ?????? ????? TCP/IP? ???? ??????? ???????:

??????: ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????.
  1. ?? "???? ??????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.
  2. ???? ??? ???????? TCP/IP ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? "???".
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? "???" ?????? ????? ?????????.
  4. ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????.
  5. ?? "???? ??????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.
  6. ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????? TCP/IP ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  7. ??? ??? ???? ??????? DHCP? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ????. ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? DHCP? ???? ??? "??".
  8. ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? Windows NT ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  9. ??? ??? ?? ?????? DHCP? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? TCP/IP ????? ??. ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????.
  10. ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ???? ??? ??. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? Windows NT? ????? ??? ????? ????? "???? ??????" ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????????.
  11. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ??.
??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????/??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? TCP/IP ?????? ?? ????? Windows NT. ???????????? ??? ????? TCP/IP ?????? ?? ????? Windows NT? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ? Microsoft":
151237 ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? TCP/IP ?? ????? ???? TCP/IP

?????? ????? ????? IP ????? ??????????

??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ping ??? ????? IP ?????? ?????? ping<IP address=""></IP> ata ???? ???????? ??? <IP address="">?? ????? IP ????? ??????????.

??????: ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? IP ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ????? </IP>ipconfig ?? ????????????.

?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???:
   Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:

   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=77ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=28
				
??? <###.###.###.###>?? ????? IP ????? ??????????.

??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows NT ????? ???? ???????. ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???????. ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????:

??????: ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????.</###.###.###.###>
  1. ?? "???? ??????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????????.
  2. ???? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? "???".
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? "???" ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.
  4. ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????.
  5. ?? "???? ??????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????????.
  6. ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  7. ?????? ???? (?????) ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  8. ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? Windows NT ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  9. ??? ??????? ???????? ????? TCP/IP ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????.
  10. ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ???? ??? ??. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? Windows NT? ????? ??? ????? ????? "???? ??????" ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????????.
  11. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ??.
??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? IP ????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? Windows ??????? ????? ???? ???????.

??? ????? ??????? ?????? (ARP) ???????? ????? ???????

??????? ?????? ???????? (ARP) ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? (MAC). ??????? MAC ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????.

????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ARP ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? IP ????????? ???????. ???? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ARP? ????? ?????? ???? ARP arp-a ?? ????????????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ARP ??????? "?????? ???" ????? (ARP ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????) ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???:
   Interface: 10.1.1.3 on Interface 2
   Internet Address      Physical Address      Type
   10.1.1.7              08-00-02-06-ed-20     dynamic
   10.1.1.254            08-00-02-0a-a3-10     dynamic
				
?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ARP? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????:
arp-d<IP address=""></IP>
??? <IP address="">????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ARP. ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ARP ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ARP? ???? </IP>arp-? ?? ???? ???????.

???? ?? ??????? ??????????

?????? ????? IPCONFIG ?????? ????? IP ????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????????. ?????? ????? ???? "ipconfig" (????? "???????????") ?? ???? ???????. ???? ?? ?? ???????????? ????? IP ??????? ?????????? ???? ????. ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? Ip ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???????.

??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? IP ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? PING ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? IP ??????? ?????????. ?????? ????? ?????? ? thefollowing:
   Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=77ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=28
				
??? <###.###.###.###>?? ????? IP ??????? ??????????.

??????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????????????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???:</###.###.###.###>
   Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:
   Request timed out.
   Request timed out.
   Request timed out.
   Request timed out.
				
??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ping ????? ????? IP ??????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????.

????? ??? ping ??? ????? IP ????????? ?????

???? ????? ????? ping ??? ????? IP ????? ????????? ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ping<IPaddress></IPaddress> ??? ??? <IP address="">addressof IP ????????? ?????. ?????? ????? ?????? ? thefollowing:</IP>
   Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=77ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=28
   Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=28
				
??? <###.###.###.###>?? ????? IP ????? ????????? ?????.

?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???:</###.###.###.###>
   Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:
   Request timed out.
   Request timed out.
   Request timed out.
   Request timed out.
				
??? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ping ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ? thenetwork ??? ???? ????? IP ?????? ????????? ?????.??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ping ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????.

???? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ??????

?? ??????? ???????? TCP/IP ????????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? TCP/IP ???????? TCP/IP ?????????????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ????? ???? ???? ???????.

????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????????? ??????????. ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? persistent(static) ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ??. ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? computer'sroute.

???? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ROUTE. ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????. ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???:
   Active Routes:

   Network Address   Netmask           Gateway Address  Interface   Metric

   0.0.0.0           0.0.0.0           10.1.1.254       10.1.1.3       1
   10.1.0.0          255.255.0.0       10.1.1.3         10.1.1.3       1
   10.1.1.3          255.255.255.255   127.0.0.1        127.0.0.1      1
   10.255.255.255    255.255.255.255   10.1.1.3         10.1.1.3       1
   127.0.0.1         255.0.0.0         127.0.0.1        127.0.0.1      1
   224.0.0.0         224.0.0.0         10.1.1.3         10.1.1.3       1
   255.255.255.255   255.255.255.255   10.1.1.3         10.1.1.3       1
				
???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ROUTE? ???? ??? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ? Microsoft":
140859 ??????? ????? TCP/IP ? Windows NT

??????? ????? TRACERT

?????? ????? TRACERT ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? TCP/??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???. ???????? ????? TRACERT ????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ???? tracert<IP address=""></IP> ?? ???? ???????? ??? <IPaddress>?? ????? IP ????? ????????? ?????. ??? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???:</IPaddress>
   Tracing route to <IP address> over a maximum of 30 hops:

     1   <10 ms   <10 ms   <10 ms  <###.###.###.###>
     2    50 ms    50 ms    51 ms  <###.###.###.###>
     3   250 ms    80 ms    50 ms  <###.###.###.###>

   Trace complete.
				
??? ?? ?? <###.###.###.###>?? ????? IP ????? ????? ??????.

??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???:</###.###.###.###>
   Tracing route to <IP address> over a maximum of 30 hops:

     1   <10 ms   <10 ms   <10 ms  <###.###.###.###>
     2     *        *        *     Request timed out.
     3     *        *        *     Request timed out.
     4     *        *        *     Request timed out.
				
??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ? thefollowing:
   Tracing route to <IP address> over a maximum of 30 hops:

     1   <10 ms   <10 ms   <10 ms  <###.###.###.###>
     2    50 ms    50 ms    51 ms  <###.###.###.###>
     3  <###.###.###.###>  reports: Destination net unreachable.
				
?? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ???????.

??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????????????? ??? ????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?????.

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? TRACERT? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ? Microsoft":
162326 ??????? TRACERT ???????? ?????? TCP/IP ?? Windows NT

???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????

???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? Telnet ??????????? ???? ?? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ????? Telnet.

?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????. ??? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ?????. ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????????????????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????????.

?????? ?? ???? IP ??? ??????

?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????. ???? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????????:
Port:   Protocol:
-----   ---------
80      HTTP
21      FTP
23      Telnet
70      Gopher
				
?????? ?????? Telnet ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
telnet<IP address=""> <port></port></IP>
??? ?? <IP address="">?? ????? IP ????????? ? <port>?? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ftp ?????????? ??? ???? 21? ????<b00> </b00> </port> </IP>telnet <IP address="">21</IP>.

??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????.

??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??? ??????. ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????.

??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? NETBios

??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????? IP ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???. ???? ?????????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??????????????? ?? ???:
  • ????? HOSTS

  • ???? ????? ???????? (DNS)

  • ????? LMHOSTS

  • ???? ??? ?????? ? Windows (WINS)
??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????. ???? ???????????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??? ???????? ?? ?????????????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ??? NetBIOS ?? ??? ???????.

???? ?? ??? HOSTS

??? HOSTS ?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? (???? "???????"). ??? ???? ??????? ????? HOSTS ?????? ?????? ? andyou ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ??. ????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????????????? ?????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? HOSTS? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? the%SystemRoot%\System32\Drivers\Etc.

???? ?? ????? ?????? (DNS) ??? ??????

???? ???? ???? ??? ???? (DNS) ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ?????????? ?????? DNS ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? DNS ??????????? ?? ?? ???? DNS ??? ???? ???????.

?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? DNS ????????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ipconfig/???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? IP ????? DNS. ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? IP ????? DNS ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? IP ????? DNS.
  2. ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ????? DNS ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ping ??? ????? IP ????? DNS. ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???:
          Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:
    
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=77ms TTL=28
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=28
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=28
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=28
    						
    ??? <###.###.###.###>?? ????? IP ????? DNS.</###.###.###.###>
??? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? IP ????? DNS ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? IP ????? ????? DNS? ??? ???? DNS ????? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ????.

??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ping ????? IP ????? DNS? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? DNS ????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????. ??? ??? ???? DNS ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???? DNS ???. ??? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? DNS ???? ????????? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? DNS ??????.

??? ?????? ?? ????? IP ?????? ????? DNS? ?????????? ????????? ??????? TCP/IP. ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? TCP/IP ??????? inyour ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? "???????" ?? ???? DNS foryour ????? IP ??????.

?????? ?? ????? ????? IP ???? ????? DNS ?? ??????? computer'sTCP/IP? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? "???? ??????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.
  2. ???? ??? ???????? TCP/IP ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? DNS.
  3. ????? ???? DNS? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????? IP ????? DNS ????????? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ???? ????? IP ?????? ????? DNS? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  5. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????. ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ??????.
?????? ?? ????? ????? IP ???? ????? DNS ???? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? "????" ????? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? "????? ???? ?????? ?????".
  2. ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? "????? ????? ?????? ??????".
  3. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ' ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? TCP/IP.
  4. ???? ??? "????? ?????? ???? ?????" ??? ?? ???? ????? IP ?????? ?? ?????? DNS ???????.

???? ?? ??? LMHOSTS

????? LMHOSTS ?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? (??? ???????). ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? LMHOSTS ???????????? NetBIOS ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??? LMHOSTS. ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ???? NetBIOS ????????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? NetBIOS ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????????? ????? ????????? ???? ????.

??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? #INCLUDE ?? ?? BEGIN_ALTERNATE # #END_ALTERNATE ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????? LMHOSTS? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? (#) ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????.

?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???????????????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ????? LMHOSTS ?????? ???? ???.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? LMHOSTS? ???? ??????????? ????? Lmhosts.sam ?? ?????? %SystemRoot%\System32\Drivers\Etc.

???? ?? ??????? (WINS) ???? ??? ?????? Windows

???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? Windows (WINS) ???????????? NetBIOS. ??? ???? ?????? ?????? WINS ?????? ????? NetBIOS ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? NetBIOS ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? WINS ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? WINS ???? ???????.

?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????????????? ???? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ipconfig/???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? IP ????? WINS. ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? IP ????? WINS? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? IP ????? WINS.
  2. ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? WINS ?????? ????? ping ??? ????? IP ????? ????? WINS. ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???:
          Pinging <###.###.###.###> with 32 bytes of data:
    
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=77ms TTL=28
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=28
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=28
          Reply from <###.###.###.###>: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=28
    						
    ??? <###.###.###.###>?? ????? IP ????? WINS.</###.###.###.###>
??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ping ??? ????? IP ????? WINS? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? foryour ????? IP ?????? WINS ?????? ?????? ???? WINS ??? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ???? ????.

??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ping ????? IP ????? WINS? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???? WINS ?? ?? ???? ????? ???????????????? ???? ????. ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? WINS? ????? ????????? ???????? ???? WINS ???. ???? WINS ????????? ?? ??? NetBIOS ???????????????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? WINS? ???? ??????????????????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? WINS.

??? ?????? ?? ????? IP ?????? ????? WINS? ?????????? ????????? ??????? TCP/IP. ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? TCP/IP ??????? inyour ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? "???????" ?? ???? WINS foryour ????? IP ??????.

?????? ?? ????? ????? IP ???? ????? WINS ?? ??????????? ???????? TCP/IP? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? "???? ??????"? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????.
  2. ???? ??? ???????? TCP/IP ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? WINS.
  3. ???? ????? IP ????? WINS ?????? ?? ?????? "???? WINS ???????"? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? "???" ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.
?????? ?? ????? ????? IP ???? ????? WINS ???? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? "????" ????? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? "????? ???? ?????? ?????".
  2. ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? "????? ????? ?????? ??????".
  3. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ' ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? TCP/IP.
  4. ???? ??? "????? ?????? ???? ?????"? ??? ?? ???? ????? IP ?????? ?? ?????? WINS ???????.

???????

???? ???????: 169790 - ????? ??? ??????: 02/????? ??????/1435 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95
????? ??????: 
kbhowto kbnetwork kbmt KB169790 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????169790

????? ???????

 

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