How To Prevent Word Printing Error with OLE Automation

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SUMMARY

Often times when using OLE automation to Microsoft Word for Windows that opens and prints a file, and then releases or closes the Word object, the following warning message is displayed:
Word is currently printing. Quitting Word will cancel all pending print jobs. Do you want to quit Word?

MORE INFORMATION

The cause of this problem can be attributed to background printing being turned on in Word. There are a several ways to turn off background printing, which are outlined below. Each method has code that could be used depending on whether Word 97 or an earlier version of Word is being used. The Word.Basic object can be used, for the most part, with all versions of Word. The main difference in the examples below is the way Word is exited and the object released. This is why in the methods using Word.Basic, it is necessary to find which version of Word is loaded before the Word object is released.

Method 1

Use the Word command that turns off background printing through the Tools Options menu.

Using the Word.Basic object for Word 95 and older:
   oWord = CREATEOBJECT('Word.Basic')
   WITH oWord
      cWordVersion = oWord.AppInfo(2)          &&Get Word version
      .FileNew
      oValue = .CurValues.ToolsOptionsPrint    &&Get background setting
      .AppShow
      nsetting = oValue.background
      IF oValue.background = 1
         .ToolsOptionsPrint(,,,,,,,,,,,0)
      ENDIF
      .Insert ("This is a test.")
      .ToolsOptionsPrint(,,,,,,,,,,,0,,,"")
      .FilePrintDefault

      IF nsetting = 1                &&Reset Background printing
         .ToolsOptionsPrint(,,,,,,,,,,,1)
      ELSE
         .ToolsOptionsPrint(,,,,,,,,,,,0)
      ENDIF
      IF VAL(cWordVersion) < 8       &&If version=7, then it's Word 95
         .FileClose(2)               &&Close without prompt to save
         oWord = ""                  &&Release Word object
      ELSE                           &&Else, it's Word 97
         .FileClose(2)
         .FileQuit
      ENDIF
   ENDWITH
					
Using the Word.Application object for Word 97:
   oWord = CREATEOBJECT('Word.Application')
   WITH oWord
      cWordVersion = oWord.Version                 &&Get Word version
      .Documents.Add
      .Visible = .T.
      .Selection.InsertAfter ("This is a test.")
      lBackground = .Options.PrintBackground()
      IF lBackground
         .Options.PrintBackground = .F.
      ENDIF
      .Wordbasic.FilePrintDefault
      IF lBackground
         .Options.Printbackground = !.Options.Printbackground
      ENDIF
      .Application.Quit(0)           &&Quit, don't save & don't prompt
   ENDWITH
					

Method 2

Use the Word command that suppresses background printing on the print command itself.

Using the Word.Basic object for Word 95 and older:
   oWord = CREATEOBJECT('Word.Basic')
   WITH oWord
      cWordVersion = oWord.AppInfo(2)              &&Get Word version
      .FileNew
      .AppShow
      .Insert ("This is a test.")
      .FilePrint(0)                  &&"0" = background printing
      IF VAL(cWordVersion) < 8       &&If version=7, then it's Word 95
         .FileClose(2)               &&Close without prompt to save
         oWord = ""                  &&Release Word object
      ELSE                           &&Else, it's Word 97
         .FileClose(2)
         .FileQuit
      ENDIF
   ENDWITH
					
Using the Word.Application object for Word 97:
   oWord = CREATEOBJECT('Word.Application')
   WITH oWord
      cWordVersion = oWord.Version                 &&Get Word version
      .Documents.Add
      .Visible = .T.
      .Selection.InsertAfter ("This is a test.")
      .Wordbasic.FilePrint(0)
      .Application.Quit(0)           &&Quit, don't save & don't prompt
   ENDWITH
					

Method 3

Create a macro in the template that the new or existing file is based on, usually Normal.dot. Then run the macro during the OLE automation session. In testing, this method seems slower than the above methods.

Visual FoxPro code using the Word.Basic object for Word 95 and older:
   oWord = CREATEOBJECT('Word.Basic')
   WITH oWord
      cWordVersion = oWord.AppInfo(2)              &&Get Word version
      .FileNew
      .AppShow
      .Insert ("This is a test.")
      .ToolsMacro("turnoffbackground",1)           && Run Word macro
      IF VAL(cWordVersion) < 8       &&If version=7, then it's Word 95
         .FileClose(2)               &&Close without prompt to save
         oWord = ""                  &&Release Word object
      ELSE                           &&Else, it's Word 97
         .FileClose(2)
         .Filequit
      ENDIF
   ENDWITH
					
Visual FoxPro code using the Word.Application object for Word 97:
   oWord = CREATEOBJECT('Word.Application')
   WITH oWord
      .Documents.Add
      .Visible = .T.
      .Selection.InsertAfter ("This is a test.")
      .Run("turnoffbackground")      && Run Word macro
      .Application.Quit(0)           &&Quit, don't save & don't prompt
   ENDWITH
					
Word macro code for use in Method 3:

For Word 95, create the following macro. This sample macro is named turnoffbackground.
   Sub MAIN
   REM Macro to toggle background printing and reset to original value
   REM Get current value for Background printing from ToolsOptions

      Dim dlg As ToolsOptionsPrint
      GetCurValues dlg
      cursetting = dlg.Background

      If dlg.Background = 1 Then
         dlg.Background = 0
      End If
      ToolsOptionsPrint dlg

      REM Reset Background option to original value
      If cursetting = 1 Then
         dlg.Background = 1
      Else
         dlg.Background = 0
      End If
      ToolsOptionsPrint dlg
   End Sub
					
For Word 97, create the following macro. This sample macro is named turnoffbackground.
   Sub turnoffbackground()
   REM Macro to toggle off background printing and turn back on if set on.
   REM Get current settings

      cursetting = Options.PrintBackground
      If cursetting = "True" Then
         Options.PrintBackground = False
      End If
      ActiveDocument.PrintOut
      If cursetting = "True" Then
         Options.PrintBackground = True
      End If
   End Sub
					

REFERENCES

Microsoft Word Visual Basic Help

(c) Microsoft Corporation <year>, All Rights Reserved. Contributions by Dean Christopher, Microsoft Corporation

Properties

Article ID: 170393 - Last Review: February 21, 2014 - Revision: 2.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0b Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0a
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 6.0 Professional Edition
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbcode kberrmsg kbhowto kbinterop KB170393

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