How To Create and Remove a DSN in Visual Basic

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Article ID: 171146 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

In the 32-bit version of Visual Basic 4.0, it is possible to use DSN-less connections, but because the 16-bit version of ODBC can not handle this syntax, it is not possible to do this in the 16-bit version of Visual Basic 4.0. It is possible to emulate this ability by dynamically creating and removing a Data Source Name (DSN) on the fly using the SQLConfigDataSource ODBC API call.

The following is a 16-and 32-bit example that demonstrates this technique. The 32-bit code was included because this technique has other uses as described below. The 32-bit techniques presented in this article also apply to Visual Basic 5.0.

MORE INFORMATION

The 32-bit ODBC ability to use a DSN-less connection has many uses:
  1. Client Simplicity. The user does not have to worry about setting up a DSN, naming it correctly, setting up options, etc. All this can be done dynamically by the application.
  2. It solves many JET engine connection and connect string caching issues.
  3. Increases the flexibility of the application.
All of these uses can be realized in 16-bit ODBC by creating and deleting a DSN on the fly. This method is also useful for simple DSN management. The code could be used to automatically create, modify, or delete a DSN at any time. Visual Basic does provide the ability to create a DSN using the DBEngine.RegisterDatabase() method, but the API provides greater functionality and the ability to modify and remove a DSN, as well.

Step-by-Step Example

  1. Start a New Project.
  2. In the Advanced tab of the Options dialog box under the Tools menu, set a Conditional Compilation Argument named WIN32 equal to 1 if using Visual Basic 4.0 32-bit, or 0 if using Visual Basic 4.0 16-bit.
  3. Add two CommandButtons to the default form.
  4. Add the following code to the General Declarations:
          Option Explicit
    
          'Constant Declaration
          Private Const ODBC_ADD_DSN = 1        ' Add data source
          Private Const ODBC_CONFIG_DSN = 2     ' Configure (edit) data source
          Private Const ODBC_REMOVE_DSN = 3     ' Remove data source
          Private Const vbAPINull As Long = 0&  ' NULL Pointer
    
          'Function Declare
          #If WIN32 Then
    
              Private Declare Function SQLConfigDataSource Lib "ODBCCP32.DLL" _
              (ByVal hwndParent As Long, ByVal fRequest As Long, _
              ByVal lpszDriver As String, ByVal lpszAttributes As String) _
              As Long
          #Else
              Private Declare Function SQLConfigDataSource Lib "ODBCINST.DLL" _
              (ByVal hwndParent As Integer, ByVal fRequest As Integer, ByVal _
              lpszDriver As String, ByVal lpszAttributes As String) As Integer
          #End If
    					
  5. Add the following code into the Click event of Command1:
          #If WIN32 Then
              Dim intRet As Long
          #Else
              Dim intRet As Integer
          #End If
          Dim strDriver As String
          Dim strAttributes As String
    
          'Set the driver to SQL Server because it is most common.
          strDriver = "SQL Server"
          'Set the attributes delimited by null.
          'See driver documentation for a complete
          'list of supported attributes.
          strAttributes = "SERVER=SomeServer" & Chr$(0)
          strAttributes = strAttributes & "DESCRIPTION=Temp DSN" & Chr$(0)
          strAttributes = strAttributes & "DSN=DSN_TEMP" & Chr$(0)
          strAttributes = strAttributes & "DATABASE=pubs" & Chr$(0)
          'To show dialog, use Form1.Hwnd instead of vbAPINull.
          intRet = SQLConfigDataSource(vbAPINull, ODBC_ADD_DSN, _
          strDriver, strAttributes)
          If intRet Then
              MsgBox "DSN Created"
          Else
              MsgBox "Create Failed"
          End If
    					
  6. Add the following code into the Click event of Command2:
          #If WIN32 Then
              Dim intRet As Long
          #Else
              Dim intRet As Integer
          #End If
          Dim strDriver As String
          Dim strAttributes As String
    
          'Set the driver to SQL Server because most common.
          strDriver = "SQL Server"
          'Set the attributes delimited by null.
          'See driver documentation for a complete list of attributes.
          strAttributes = "DSN=DSN_TEMP" & Chr$(0)
          'To show dialog, use Form1.Hwnd instead of vbAPINull.
          intRet = SQLConfigDataSource(vbAPINull, ODBC_REMOVE_DSN, _
          strDriver, strAttributes)
          If intRet Then
              MsgBox "DSN Deleted"
          Else
              MsgBox "Delete Failed"
          End If
    					
  7. Run the project.
  8. Click Command1 to add a DSN named DSN_TEMP.
  9. Click Command2 to remove the DSN named DSN_TEMP.

REFERENCES

ODBC 2.0 Programmer's Reference and SDK Guide
Microsoft Press 1993
ISBN 1-55615-658-8

(c) Microsoft Corporation 1997, All Rights Reserved. Contributions by Troy Cambra, Microsoft Corporation

Properties

Article ID: 171146 - Last Review: July 15, 2004 - Revision: 3.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbhowto KB171146

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