Explanation of Dependencies in Microsoft Cluster Server and Windows Server Failover Clustering

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Article ID: 171791 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

This article describes how dependencies in Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) resources are used.

MORE INFORMATION

The basic unit of failover in MSCS is the group. The group is the set of tasks or items that must all be on the same node of the cluster for a particular objective to be accomplished. Each group can be on only one node in the cluster at a time, but different groups can be owned by different nodes. Each group contains one or more resources. A resource is a process or data item that is managed and watched by the cluster service of the node on which the group resides. If a resource fails, the cluster service will first attempt to restart the resource, but, if that is unsuccessful, the cluster service will move the group to another node if one is available.

As stated above, the group should contain all resources that must be on the same node for processing to occur. In that sense, the resources of the group are interdependent. More pragmatically, often one resource must be online before another resource can configure itself and start correctly. The second resource is said to "depend" on the other. The Cluster Administrator allows you to designate one resource as depending on another. If this is done, the Cluster service will not start the resource until the one it depends upon is started. If a resource fails, the resources that depend on it will be taken offline, and, if it restarts, the resources will be returned to an online state.

Many of the resource types that ship with MSCS have requirements for dependencies. The only resource types that do not usually depend on another resource are the Physical Disk, and IP Address. The Network Name resource must depend upon an IP address so that it can register the name and address pair with WINS. The other resources have similar requirements.

The cluster service will start resources in the order of their dependencies. In the above example, a typical group going online would start the Disk and IP Address resources first, because they have no dependencies. The Network Name resource would be started next, and after that starts, the File Share resource would start, because both the Disk and Network Name resources are online.

Note that it is not possible to have resources in different groups depend on one another. Because different groups can reside on different nodes, there is no way to guarantee that the dependencies can be satisfied.

You can also define dependencies where none are required to satisfy logical dependencies that you create. For instance, you may not want your Internet Information Server (IIS) virtual web page describing the shares to which your users have access to be online if the SMB shares themselves are not available.

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Article ID: 171791 - Last Review: April 2, 2009 - Revision: 3.0
APPLIES TO
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Microsoft Cluster Server 1.1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition for Itanium-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Enterprise Edition
Keywords: 
kbinfo kbsetup KB171791

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