??????? ?? ?? Microsoft DNS ????? ?? ???????? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 172953 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ?? ??? Microsoft ????? ??? ???? (DNS) Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???????????? ???? ???? Windows NT ????? ?? DNS ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??????

????? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? Microsoft ???? ftp ????? ??:
??? ?? ????: Dnswp.exe
?????:FTP://FTP.Microsoft.com/bussys/Winnt/Winnt-docs/papers/
??????: "DNS ?? Microsoft Windows NT 4.0"

???? ???????

Microsoft DNS ??????? ?? ??? ??

???? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ?? DNS ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????:
  1. ??????? ??? ????? ????, ???????? ?? ????? ????, ?? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ???-????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????
  2. ?????? ????? ????, ??? ??????? ?? Microsoft DNS ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???, ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????
  3. ???? Windows NT ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????, ??? ????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????

    ???:: ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??, ?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?? re-apply ???? ?????
  4. ???????? ?? ???????? ????..

Microsoft DNS ?? ???????? ????

??????? ????? ?? ??? ??:

???? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???? DNS ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? Internic ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??, ????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???, ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? IP ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ????:
  • ???? ????? ??? (?????? ?? ???????? Internic ??????)

  • ???????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?? IP ???

  • ???????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???
???:: ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????, ???? ?? ????????? ????? ?????, FTP ?????, WWW ?????, ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? on ????

?????? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? (?????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????):
   Domain Name: <Domain.com>
   Servers:   192.168.50.11   <Mail1.domain.com>
              192.168.50.12   <Ftp1.domain.com>
              192.168.50.12   <WWW.domain.com> (notice the same IP
                               address)
              192.168.50.15   <DNS1.domain.com>
				

DNS ????? ???? ??? ??? ??:

????? ???? ???? Microsoft DNS ????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????:
  1. ??????? ??? ????? ????, ????????? ?? ????? ????, ???????????? ????? ?? ????? ????, ?? DNS ??????? ?? ????? ?????
  2. DNS ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????
  3. ?????? DNS ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? DNS ????? ?? IP ??? (?????? ??????? ??? 192.168.58.15) ????? ???, ?? ?? ??? ????? ?????
???:: ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? DNS ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??:
  • DNS ?????? ???, ???? DNS ????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????
???? ?????????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??:

??? ????????? ?? ?? ???????? ?? IP ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? DNS ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?????

???:: ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??, ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??? DNS ????? ?? NSLOOKUP ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ???

??? ????? ????? ???? ?????, ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????:
  1. DNS ?????? ???, ???? DNS ????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????
  2. "Creating ??? ??????? ?? ???" ????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????, ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????
  3. ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? IP ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? 58.168.192.in-addr.arpa. ???? ???? ???? ??? (IP ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????????? ???) ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???::
       If your network ID is:         Then your reverse zone is:
    
       10.0.0.0                       10.in-addr.arpa
       130.20.0.0                     20.130.in-addr.arpa
       250.30.203.0                   203.30.250.in-addr.arpa
    						

    ???:: ???????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ??? imperative ???
  4. ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????: ???? ??? 3 (???? ?????) ".dns" ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?????
  5. ???? ????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????
???? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??:
  1. DNS ?????? ???, ???? ????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????
  2. ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ????, ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????
  3. ???? DNS ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? Internic ?? ??? ??????? ?? (<domain.com>?????? ???).</domain.com>
  4. ??? ?????, ???? ????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????
?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??, ?? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?????: NS ???????, SOA ??????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??, ???? ???? TCP/IP ??? ??? ???? DNS ???????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? (??????? ??? ????? ????, ???????? ?? ????? ????, ???????? ???? ????? ????, ?? ?? ??????? ????? ???-????? ????)?

???:: ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????

???? ????????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??:

???? DNS ????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????, DNS ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? PTR ??????? DNS ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? simplest ?? ????? ??:
  1. ???? DNS ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???????
  2. ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????
  3. ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????-????? <domain.com>, ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????.</domain.com>
  4. DNS ????? ???? ?? IP ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?????
  5. ????? ?????? PTR ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????
  6. ????? ????? ?????
???:: ??????? ??? 3-??? 5 ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? DNS ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????

???? PTR ?????? ??????????? ????? ??? ??, ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? 58.168.192.in-addr.arpa ????-????? ????, ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????

???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????

??? DNS ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???, ????? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ???: ??, CNAME, HINFO, MX, NS, ?? SOA. For details on these and other record types, please refer to the DNS white paper mentioned earlier in this article.

Creating A CNAME Record:

A CNAME record allows you to use multiple names for the same IP address. This way, you can have users access the same server for separate functions, such as FTP1.domain.com and WWW.domain.com. Before you can create the CNAME record, you must first have an A record, as described earlier.

To create a CNAME record, perform the following steps:
  1. Right-click your forward zone, <domain.com>, and click New Record. </domain.com>
  2. Select CNAME Record from the Record Type list box in the New Resource Record dialog box.
  3. Type an alternate name for access to this computer. For example, in the sample information earlier in this article, WWW is an alternate name for FTP1.domain.com.
  4. Type the original host name in "For Host DNS Name." For example, <ftp1.domain.com>. </ftp1.domain.com>

    ???:: It is important to use the fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) for the originating host DNS name.
  5. ??? ????? ?????
Now when your users make a query for either of these host names, your DNS server will return the same IP address.

Creating an MX Record:

An MX Record is a Mail Exchange record that points mail programs to your mail servers. To create an MX record, perform the following steps:
  1. Right-click your forward lookup zone, <domain.com> and then click New Record. </domain.com>
  2. Select MX Record from the Record Type list box in the New Resource Record dialog box.
  3. The Host Name (Optional) field is used for the host name of the mail server. However, if you want users to be able to send mail to your domain using the format USER@Domain.com, then leave the Host Name field blank.???:: If the MX record contains the hostname, sending mail to user@domain.com may not work. There are three ways to resolve this. First, remove the hostname from the MX record as described in step 3. Second, after the MX record is created with the hostname, create an "A" record for the domain that has no hostname. Third, delete the existing MX record and re-create as described in steps one through six in the Creating an MX record section of this article.
  4. Type the FQDN of the mail server in the Mail Exchange Server DNS Name, for example, Mail.domain.com.

    ???:: There is a trailing dot, ".", after the Mail Exchange Server DNS Name. The FQDN that is used for the Mail Exchange Server must have a corresponding A record for that domain. If the Mail Exchange Server is a different computer than the DNS Server, the DNS Server must know where to redirect the mail traffic.
  5. The Preference Number is any number from 0 to 65535. In the case of multiple mail servers, this number identifies which mail server is to be used first. The lower the preference number, the higher the priority.
  6. ??? ????? ?????
???????? ??????? ?? ???, ????? ????? ???? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????:
174419How to Configure a Subnetted Reverse Lookup Zone on Windows NT

???

???? ID: 172953 - ????? ???????: 02 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 4.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft BackOffice Small Business Server 4.0
??????: 
kbhowto kbinfo kbnetwork kbmt KB172953 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:172953

??????????? ???

 

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