????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? Windows NT ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 174419 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? subnetted ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????. ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? DNS ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????. ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?????. ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???????.

??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? IP ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????. ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? DNS ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ? reliance ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ????. ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? (IETF) 2317 RFC "Classless ADDR.ARPA IN ????? ?" ???? ?????? ???????? ???.

????? subnetted complements ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????. ???? ?? ? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? DNS ????? ?????? (A) ?? ??????? (PTR) ????? IP ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????.

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? Microsoft Windows DNS.

?????? ?????? ??? subnetted ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? DNS ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????. ????? ???????? subnetted ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???; ???? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????.

??????? ????

???? ????? IP "classful" ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????? IP ??? ????? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????? C ?? 192.168.1.0 ?? ???? ?????? ??????? 255.255.255.0 ???? ????? IP classful.

???? ????? IP "classless" ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? IP ??? ????? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????? C ?? 192.168.1.0 ?? ???? ?????? ??????? 255.255.255.192 ????? ???? IP classless. ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? IP ??????? ??? ???? ???????: 192.168.1.64 ? 192.168.1.128 192.168.1.192.

??? subnetting ????? IP, ??? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? IP ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????. ?????? 11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000 ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? classful ????? ????? C ? 255.255.255.0 ????? ???? ???? 11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000 ???? ?????? classless ??????? 255.255.255.192. ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????:
If the subnet mask is   The subnet mask bit-count is
   ---------------------   ----------------------------
   255.255.255.128          25
   255.255.255.192          26
   255.255.255.224          27
   255.255.255.240          28
   255.255.255.248          29
   255.255.255.252          30
   255.255.255.254          31

???? ??????

????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ADDR.ARPA IN ?? DNS. ????? ??????? ??????? ??? "????? ISP (?????)" ??? "?????? ???????" (????) ?? ????? "?????? ??????? ??????" (?????) ??? "?????? ?????? ??????" (????). ??? ???? ????????? ????????? ISP ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????.

??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? classless ? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???:
<subnet>-< ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? >.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??

<subnet>/ < ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? >.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??

<subnet>. < ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? >.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??

<subnet>SubnetX. 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa (??? X ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????) ??

<subnet>. 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
??? ???? ??????:
64 26.100.168.192.in addr.arpa ??

64/26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??

64.26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??

addr.arpa Subnet3.100.168.192.in ??

64.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? 64 ??? ??????? ?? 26 ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??.

?????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? "?????? ????? ?????" ? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? DNS ???? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? DNS ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? RFC (??????? ? ????? ??? ???.). Microsoft DNS ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????.

?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????.

????? ????????

????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? walking ???? ??? ??????? ????.
Parent Checklist                         Child Checklist
 ----------------                         ---------------
 <Parent DNS server name>                 <Child DNS server name>
 <Parent DNS server IP>                   <Child DNS server IP>
 <subnet mask>                            <subnet mask>
 <subnet><syntax><subnet mask bit count>  <subnet><syntax><subnet  mask bit 
                                          count>
??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ISP ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? C subnetted ??? ????? ????? 4 ???????? 255.255.255.192 ?? ???? ?????? ???????. ??????? 4 ??????? 192.168.100.0 ? 192.168.100.64 192.168.100.128 ? 192.168.100.192. ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? "?????? ???????" ?????? ?????? ???? ???? 64 ?????? 65 126 ??????? IP ??????.
Parent Checklist       Child Checklist
   ----------------       ---------------
   NS.microsoft.com       NS1.msn.com
   192.168.43.8           192.168.100.126
   255.255.255.192        255.255.255.192
   0-26                   64-26
   64-26
   128-26	
   192-26

????????? ????????? ????? ??????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003

????? ??? .Under DNS MMC (???? ?????? ???????? ?? Microsoft) ? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????????. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ? ?? ??? ??????? ???????. ??? ????? ??? ?? Active Directory ???? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? "? ???? ???" ?????? ". ??? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??? subnetted (??? ???? ??????? 192.168.100) ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? (??? ???? ??????? 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa) ??? subnetted ??? ????? C ? ???? ??? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? %systemroot%\winnt\system32\dns ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????. ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????. ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? (??? ???? ??????? 64-26). ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????. ???? ???????. ????? CNAME (????????) RR (????? ??????) ?????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ???????. ??? ???? ??????:
65 CNAME 65.64 26.100.168.192.in addr.arpa.
?????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000. ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???????. ??????? "????? ????? ?????? PTR" ?? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? (????) "?" ???? GUI.

????????? ????????? ????? ??????? Windows NT 4.0

?????? ???? ??????? ????? DNS Microsoft ?????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ??? ????? ??????? ?? addr.arpa ? ?????(?????) ?? addr.arpa ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? NS CNAME ? PTR ?? ?? ??? ???????.

?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????. ????? ????? ???? Microsoft DNS ??? ????? TCP/IP (????? IP ???? ?????? ???????, ???????? ?????????? ? ???) ?? ??????? ???? ????.
  1. ????? Windows NT ?????Microsoft ???? ????.
  2. ????? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ????????.
  3. ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? DNS.
  4. ?? ??????? DNS ? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? IP ????? DNS ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  5. ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? subnetted ???????? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ???? DNS ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??????? DNS.
    2. ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
    3. ???? 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? TAB.
    4. ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? "??? ???????" ?? 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns ???? ??????.
    5. ???? ??? "?????".
  6. ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? DNS Server ???????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ???? Microsoft DNS ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    • ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? Enter:
      NET STOP DNS
    ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? DNS ??? ????? "???????" ??????? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??????.
  7. ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? subnetted ???? ??? ???????? ???. ??? ???? ?????? ??? NS ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? DNS ??????. ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????:
    ;  Begin Delegation comments
    ;
    <subnet><syntax><subnet mask bit count>        NS     <Child DNS server name>
    ;  End delegation
    ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???:
    ;  Begin Delegation sub-zone:  64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
    ;
    64-26                   NS	NS1.msn.com.
    ;  End delegation
  8. ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? CNAME ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????. ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???:
    65    CNAME    65.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
          66    CNAME    66.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
          67    CNAME    67.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
          68    CNAME    68.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
          69    CNAME    69.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
          ...
          126   CNAME    126.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
    ???????? ?????? ? "..." ? ???? ??? ?????? IP ???????? ??????? ??? 67 126 ?????. ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????.
  9. ?????? ???????? 7 ? 8 ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????.
  10. ??? ????? ????? NS ? CNAME ???? ?????? ?????.
  11. ??? ????? ???? DNS ???????? ??? ???????? ???????:
    • ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ???? Microsoft DNS ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????.
    • ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? Enter:
      NET START DNS

????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003

  1. ??? ????? MMC DNS (Microsoft ????? ???? ??????).
  2. ???? ????? ?????, ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????????.
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ? ?? ??? ??????? ???????.
  4. ??? ????? ??? ?? Active Directory ???? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ? ???? ??? ??????.
  5. ??? ?????? "??? ????? ??? ???????". ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? (??? ???? ??????? 64 26.100.168.192.in addr.arpa) ???? ????? ????? C. ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ??? "??????".
  6. ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? %systemroot%\winnt\system32\dns ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????.
  7. ????? PTR (?????? ???????) ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????.

    ??? ???? ??????:
    PTR 65 host65.msn.com
  8. ?? ???? ????? ???? ????(??????) DNS ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? DNS ?????. ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? DNS ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? DNS ?????.

????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? Windows NT 4.0

  1. ????? Windows NT ?????Microsoft ???? ????.
  2. ????? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ????????.
  3. ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? DNS.
  4. ?? ??????? DNS ? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? IP ????? DNS ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  5. ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ???? DNS ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??????? DNS.
    2. ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
    3. ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?????. ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? "64 - 26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa" (???? ?????? ????????) ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????? Tab.
      Zone Name: 64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
               Zone File: 64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns or
      
               Zone Name: 64/26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
               Zone File: 64.26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns or
      
               Zone Name: 64.26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
               Zone file: 64.26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns or
      
               Zone Name: 64.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
               Zone file: 64.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns or
      
               Zone Name: Subnet64.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa
               Zone file: Subnet64.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns or
      ????? DNS Microsoft ?????? ????? ????? "??? ???" ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? "/" ? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? "/" ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? "/" ?? ??? ?????. ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? (64.26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns) ?????.
    4. ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? "??? ???????" ?? 64 26.100.168.192.in addr.arpa.dns ???? ??????.
    5. ???? ??? ?????.
    6. ??? ??????? ?? e ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??.
  6. ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? DNS ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ???? Microsoft DNS ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    • ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? Enter:
      NET STOP DNS
    ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? DNS ??? ????? "???????" ??????? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??????.
  7. ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????. ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? PTR ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????????. ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????:
    65                      PTR     host65.msn.com.
          66                      PTR     host66.msn.com.
          67                      PTR     host67.msn.com.
          ...
          126                     PTR     host126.msn.com.
    ???????? ?????? ? "..." ? ???? ??? ?????? IP ???????? ??????? ??? 67 126 ?????. ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????.
  8. ??? ????? ????? PTR ???? ?????? ?????.
  9. ??? ????? ???? DNS ???????? ??? ???????? ???????:
    • ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? "???? ??????" ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ???? Microsoft DNS ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??? "????".
    • ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? Enter:
      NET START DNS
  10. ??? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? IP ?? ????? ??? ???? ????????. ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? DNS ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????. ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? subnetted ??? ?????? ??? ???? DNS ?? ?????? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ISP. ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ???? DNS ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??????? DNS.
    2. ???? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????.
    3. ?????? ??? ?????: ???? 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??? ??? Server: ???? < ????? IP ????? DNS >. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? 192.168.43.8. ???? ???"??????".
    4. ?????? ??? "??? ???????": ???? 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa ??? ??? "??? ???????": ???? 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns. ???? ??? ??????.
    5. ?? ????? IP ???????? ??? ???? ???? < DNS ????? IP ????? >. ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??? 192.168.43.8. ???? ???????? "? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  11. ?? ???? ????? ???? ????(??????) DNS ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? DNS ?????. ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? DNS ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? DNS ?????.

????? ??????? ?????

??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????

;
;  Database file 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns for 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa zone.
;      Zone version:  4
;

@                       IN  SOA NS.microsoft.com. administrator.microsoft.com. (
                        	4           ; serial number
                        	3600        ; refresh
                        	600         ; retry
                        	86400       ; expire
                        	3600      ) ; minimum TTL

;
;  Zone NS records
;

@                       NS	NS.microsoft.com.

;
;  Zone records
;

;
;  Delegated sub-zone:  64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
;
64-26                   NS	NS1.msn.com.
;  End delegation

65                      CNAME	65.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
66                      CNAME	66.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
67                      CNAME	67.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
...
126                    CNAME	67.64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.
?????? ??? ???? ? "..." ? ???? ??? ?????? IP ???????? ??????? ??? 67 126 ?????. ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????.

???? subnetted ??? ????? ??? ????

;
;  Database file 64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.dns for 64-26.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa zone.
;      Zone version:  1
;

@                       IN  SOA NS1.msn.com. administrator.msn.com. (
                        	1           ; serial number
                        	3600        ; refresh
                        	600         ; retry
                        	86400       ; expire
                        	3600      ) ; minimum TTL

;
;  Zone NS records
;

@                       NS	NS1.msn.com.

;
;  Zone records
;

65                      PTR     host65.msn.com.
66                      PTR     host66.msn.com.
67                      PTR     host67.msn.com.
...
126                    PTR     host126.msn.com.
?????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? IP ?? ????? ??? 67 126. ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????.

?????

?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? DNS ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ftp ??????? Microsoft:

File Name: Dnswp.exe
??????:
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/bussys/winnt/winnt-docs/papers
???????: "DNS ? Microsoft Windows NT 4.0"

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? Classless IN-ADDR.ARPA ????? ? ???? 2317 RFC. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? RFC ??? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
185262????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????

???????

???? ???????: 174419 - ????? ??? ??????: 05/???/1428 - ??????: 3.4
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbarttypeinf kbhowto kbinfo kbnetwork KB174419 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????174419

????? ???????

 

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