SAMPLE: PRTLGPCT.EXE: Print a Large Bitmap on Multiple Pages

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Article ID: 175084 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

The PaintPicture method of the Picture object allows you to print the picture. However, this method will adjust the picture size to fit on a single sheet of paper. This article shows you how to print a large picture on multiple sheets of paper.

The following files are available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:
Prtlgpct.exe
For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services
Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help to prevent any unauthorized changes to the file.
When you run the self-extracting file, the following files are expanded into the Printing Large Pictures Project on your hard drive:
  • Form1.frm 4,570 bytes
  • Prtlgpct.vbp 650 bytes
  • Prtlgpct.vbw 49 bytes
  • Readme.txt 5,113 bytes

MORE INFORMATION

To print a large picture over several sheets, you start by calculating the ratio of the picture's height and width to the maximum height and width the printer can print. From this ratio, you can calculate the number of pages required to print the picture completely. With each page, you use the PrintPicture method to print the maximum image on that sheet. Keep repeating this process on each successive page until the picture is completely printed.

The next section shows you how to create a sample program to demonstrate this technique.

Step-by-Step Example

  1. Start a new project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.
  2. Add three CommandButtons, a Common Dialog control, and a Picture control to Form1.
  3. Copy the following code to the Code window of Form1:
          Option Explicit
    
          Const constMaxValue = 32767
    
          Dim lngPrinterWidth As Long, lngPrinterHeight As Long
          Dim lngPictureWidth As Long, lngPictureHeight As Long
          Dim lngXCoor As Long, lngYCoor As Long
          Dim sngWidthRatio As Single, sngHeightRatio As Single
          Dim intPageWidth As Integer, intPageHeight As Integer
          Dim bytWidthCount As Byte, bytHeightCount As Byte
    
          Private Sub Form_Load()
             Command1.Caption = "Load Picture"
             Command2.Caption = "Print Single Page"
             Command3.Caption = "Print Multiple Pages"
          End Sub
    
          Private Sub Command1_Click()
             'Opens the common dialog box so you can select a picture file
             'to load into the Picture object.
             Dim picFile As Picture
             CommonDialog1.Filter = "JPEG files|*.jpg|BMP files|*.bmp"
             CommonDialog1.ShowOpen
    
             If CommonDialog1.filename <> "" Then
                Set picFile = LoadPicture(CommonDialog1.filename)
                Set Picture1.Picture = picFile
                Form1.Height = Picture1.Height + 1700
                Form1.Width = Picture1.Width + 1400
                Picture1.Left = 700
                Picture1.Top = 700
             End If
          End Sub
    
          Private Sub Command2_Click()
             'Print the picture on a single sheet. Picture object automatically
             'adjusts picture size to fit into a single sheet.
             Printer.PaintPicture Picture1.Picture, lngXCoor, lngYCoor
             Printer.EndDoc
             MsgBox "Done Sending Info to Printer"
          End Sub
    
          Private Sub Command3_Click()
             'Print the picture on multiple sheets.
    
             'Load the dimensions of the image and printer into memory
             lngPictureWidth = Picture1.Picture.Width
             lngPictureHeight = Picture1.Picture.Height
             lngPrinterWidth = Printer.Width
             lngPrinterHeight = Printer.Height
    
             'Calculate the ratios
             sngWidthRatio = lngPictureWidth / lngPrinterWidth
             sngHeightRatio = lngPictureHeight / lngPrinterHeight
    
             'Calculate how many pages are required to print the picture
             intPageWidth = constMaxValue - Int(constMaxValue - sngWidthRatio)
             intPageHeight = constMaxValue - Int(constMaxValue - _
                                                             sngHeightRatio)
    
             For bytWidthCount = 1 To intPageWidth
    
                'Calculate the x-offset
                lngXCoor = -lngPrinterWidth * (bytWidthCount - 1)
    
                For bytHeightCount = 1 To intPageHeight
    
                'Calculate the y-offset
                   lngYCoor = -lngPrinterHeight * (bytHeightCount - 1)
    
                   'Use the Paint Picture method to print the picture
                   Printer.PaintPicture Picture1.Picture, _
                                        lngXCoor, _
                                        lngYCoor, _
                                        lngPictureWidth, _
                                        lngPictureHeight
                   'start a new page
                   Printer.NewPage
                Next bytHeightCount
             Next bytWidthCount
    
             Printer.EndDoc
             MsgBox "Done Sending Info to Printer"
          End Sub
    
    					
  4. Press the F5 key to run the program. Click Load Picture to open the Common Dialog, and choose a picture file. Click Print Single Page to print the picture to a single page or Print Multiple Pages to print to multiple pages.

Properties

Article ID: 175084 - Last Review: February 24, 2014 - Revision: 3.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 32-Bit Enterprise Edition
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhowto kbprint kbfile kbsample KB175084

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