TCP ??????? ? Microsoft Exchange: ?????? In-depth

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?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? Exchange Server ???? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? Exchange Server ? ???? Exchange, ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? (????) ? ???? ?????? ???????. ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? Exchange ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? Exchange ????????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? Microsoft Exchange.

??????? ????

???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? Exchange ? ?? ????? ?????????:

  1. ??????? ??? ????? POP3 ?????? Exchange Server. ????? ??????:

    • ????? ??????? ??????????
    • ????? ?????
  2. ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? IMAP4 ?????? Exchange Server. ????? ??????:

    • ????? ??????? ??????????
    • ????? ?????
  3. ????????? ??? ????? LDAP (???????? ?????? ???? ?????) ?????? ????????? Exchange Server.
  4. ????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? Exchange ? Exchange Server ????? ?????????.
  5. ????????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ?? ??? ?????? (intrasite ?????).
  6. ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ?? ?????? (????? ??? ???????). ????? ??? ??????? distinctions ?????? ?????:

    • ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? (RPC).
    • ?????? ??? ??????? ???? X.400.
??????: ???? "??? ????" ? "???? ???" ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? Exchange ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????. ????????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? WAN ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ????? ??.

?????????: ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ?????? ??????: "????????" ? "???????". ???? "????????" ??????? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? 1024. ???? "???????" ???? ????? inclusive ?? ????? ???? 1024.

???? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????.

??????? ??? ????? POP3 ?????? Exchange Server

????? Exchange 5.0 POP3? ???????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????. ???????? ??? POP3 ??? ????? ?????? "???? ??????" ? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ? Windows CE ???? Internet Mail ???? ?? Windows ? ??? Pegasus Eudora Pro ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server. ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? TCP.

-????? ??????? ??????????

??? ??????? POP3 ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? Exchange Server ?????? ????? ???????? ????????. ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ???. ?? ???? ??????? ?????? Basic ?? Windows NT ????????/????????? (?????? NTLM Windows) ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? POP3 ????? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 110. ????? Exchange Server ?????? 110 ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? POP3 ????? ???????. ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???????? SSL (???? ???? ??????? ??????) ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server ???????? ??? ???? 995. ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? Exchange ????? ?? ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 110 ?? ???? TCP 995 ??? POP3 ???????? ?????.

-????? ???????

????? POP3 ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server ?? ???? SMTP (Simple Mail ???????? ???). ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 25. ???? ???? ?????? ???? Internet Mail Service ??????? ???? TCP 25 ??????? SMTP ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? 821 RFC. ????? SMTP ?????? "???? ???? ??????" ? "???? Internet Mail Service ?????? ?????? 25 ????????? ??????? ?? ????? SMTP ????. ????? Microsoft Exchange Server POP3 ??? ?? ???? ?? RFC 1734 ? ??????? RFC-1957.

??????? ??? ??????? ??????? IMAP4 ?????? Exchange Server

???? Exchange ??????? 5.5 IMAP4 "???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????". IMAP4 ?? ?????? ????? ?? POP3 ? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ?? ????? IMAP4 ??? POP3 ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???. ???? IMAP4 ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????.

-????? ??????? ??????????

????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? IMAP4 ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Exchange Server ??? ????? ???????? ??? ?????????. ?? ?????? Basic ?? NTLM ? TCP ????? ?????? IMAP4 ???? TCP 143 ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? IMAP4 ????? ??????? ? ???????. ??? ?? ??????? ?????? SSL? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server ???? TCP 993. setups ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 143 ?? ???? TCP 993 ????? ???? ??? ?????????? ???? ?????? ????????.

-????? ???????

??? ?? ???? ????? ????? POP3 ????? ???????? ??? ??????? IMAP4 ????? ???????, ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server ?? ???? SMTP. ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 25. ???? ???? ?????? "?" ???? Internet Mail Service ??????? ???? TCP 25 ??????? SMTP ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? 821 RFC. ????? SMTP ?????? "???? ???? ??????" ? "???? Internet Mail Service ?????? ?????? 25 ????????? ??????? ?? ????? SMTP ????. ????? Microsoft Exchange Server IMAP4 ??? ?? ???? ?? RFC 2060 ? 2061 RFC.

????? ??? ????? ????????? Exchange Server ? ????? LDAP

LDAP (???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????) ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? Exchange Server ?????? ????? ???? ????????. ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???????. ?? ????? LDAP ?? Exchange ??????? 5.0.

???? LDAP ??????? ???????? Exchange Server ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????????. ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server ???????? ??? ???? 389. ??????? SSL ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server 636. ????? Microsoft Exchange Server LDAP ??? ?? ???? ?? RFC 1777.

??????? ??? ????? ????????? Exchange Server ?????? NNTP

??? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? (NNTP) ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? USENET ???? ????. ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? Exchange. ????? ????? NNTP ??????? ???????? Exchange Server ??? ?????? 119. ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? NNTP. ????? ???? Microsoft Exchange NNTP ??? ?? ???? ?? RFC 977.

??????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? Exchange ?????? Exchange Server

?????? ???? ??????? ???? Exchange ??? LAN ?? WAN ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? (RPC) ??????? ?????????? Exchange Server. ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server RPC ????? ??????? ?????? ???? TCP 135 ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? RPC ????????? ?? ??? ???? ??????.

????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? Exchange Server ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? RPC. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????. ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? Exchange Server.

??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????????? roadblock. ????? ???? ????????? 4.0 ?????????? ?????? ?? Exchange ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????.

?? ??? juncture ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? TCP ??? ?????? 135 ? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????. ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???????.

????????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ?? ??? ??????

???? ????????? intrasite ??? ????? ????????? Exchange Server ?????? RPC. ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 135 ????? ???? ?? ??????? Exchange Server ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ? ????? ???????.

??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? (MTAs) ?????? ?????? ?????. ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? Exchange Server ??????? ???????.

??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????, ????? ???? ??????? Exchange Server ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? RPC. ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ???? Exchange Server "????? ???? ????? ? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? Exchange Server ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? MTA ???????.

?? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? TCP ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ????. ?? ????? Exchange Server 4.0 Service Pack 4 ? ???? ??????? ?? Exchange Server 5.0 ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? MTA. ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? MTA ? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? 161931 ? "XCON: ????? ???? TCP/IP MTA # ?? X.400 ? RPC Listens." ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ???? "???? TCP/IP ?? RPC listens".

????????? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? TCP ??? ?????? 135 ? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????. ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? Exchange ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:

180795XADM: ??? ????? ???????? Intrasite ?????? ?? ??? ??? 1720

????????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ?? ????? ??????

-?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? (RPC)

???? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? mirrors ?????? intrasite ????????? ??? ????? ????????? Exchange Server. ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? Exchange Server ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? (MTAs).

??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? RPC 135 ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? MTA. ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? Q161931 ? "XCON: ????? ???? TCP/IP MTA # ?? X.400 ? RPC Listens." ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? "????? ???? TCP/IP ?? RPC". ????? ??? ?????? ?? Exchange Server ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 4 ? ???? ??????? ?? Exchange Server 5.0.

-?????? ??? ??????? ???? X.400

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? X.400 ??????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server ????? ???? ??? MTAs ???????? ???. ??? ???? RPC ??? ???? ??? ???????. ??????? ??? MTAs ???? RFC1006: ISO ??? TCP/IP. ???????? Exchange Server ? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? TCP 102 ????? ????????? ??? ??? MTAs. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? TCP 135 ??? ???? concerned ????? Exchange ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? RPC.

???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? 102 Exchange Server ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 4 "?" ???? ????????? ?? Exchange Server 5.0. ?????? ??????? 161931 ? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? "??? ???? RFC1006".

?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? TCP ???? TCP 102 ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ??????. ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???????.

???: ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? RFC1006 ?? ?????? ?????????? 102 ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? X.400 ??? ??? ???????. ??? ?? ?????? ???? MTAs ??? ??? ??????.

???????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? Exchange.

???????

???? ???????: 176466 - ????? ??? ??????: 06/????/1427 - ??????: 3.4
????? ???
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbusage KB176466 KbMtar
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???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????176466
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?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ? ?? ??? ??????? Microsoft ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????

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