INFO: ??????? ????? DCOM (DCOMCNFG.EXE) ??? Windows NT

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 176799 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
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??????

DCOMCNFG.EXE (????? DCOM) ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????? "?????? DCOM ????" ??? ????????. ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? DCOM ?????? ? ???????.

???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? Windows 95 ?Windows 98 ? Windows Me ? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????? Windows 95 ? Windows 98 ? Windows Me. ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? DCOM ??? ????? Windows NT ?? Windows 2000.

??????? ????

??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? DCOM ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????:

  • ?????????.
  • ????? ??????????.
  • ?????? ?????????.

????? ????? ?????????

???? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AppId\
??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????. ???? ????? DCOM ??? ?? ProgIDs (????? ??????) ?? ???? ??? "????? Microsoft Word" ?? "????? ?????? Microsoft Access". ?? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ProgID; ?? ??? ???????? GUID ?????? ???? ??? ? ??? "{4E6B942A-01B0-11 D 1-A9CB-00AA00B7B36F}."

???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? "?????" ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????.

??????? ????? ?????????

???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? "??????? ??????????" ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLE
?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? "??????? ??????????" ???? ????????:
"????? COM ??????" ??? ??? ?????????""
??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? DCOM. ??? ??? ??? ????, ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? DCOM.

??????: ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ???????.

????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? "??????? ??????????" ?? "????????? ????? COM ?????? ???????" ? ?? ?? ???????:

  1. ????? ???????? ?????????.
  2. ????? ???????? ?????????.
???? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????? DCOM ??? ??? ??????.

????? ???????? ????????? (????? ??????)

??????? ???????? ???????:
   Name                         Description
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------
   None                         No authentication.

   Connect                      Authentication occurs when a connection
                                is made to the server. Connectionless
                                protocols do not use this.

   Call                         The authentication occurs when a RPC call
                                is accepted by the server. Connectionless
                                protocols do not use this.

   Packet                       Authenticates the data on a per-packet
                                basis. All data is authenticated.

   Packet Integrity             This authenticates that the data has come
                                from the client, and checks that the
                                data has not been modified.

   Packet Privacy               In addition to the checks made by the other
                                authentication techniques, this encrypts
                                the packet.

   Default                      May vary depending upon operating system.
				
??????: ?? ??? ??????? "???????" ? "????????" ???????????? ???? ?????. Windows NT ? Windows 2000 ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ? UDP? ???? ???????. ??? ???? Windows 95 ?????? TCP, ??? ???????? ??? ???????. ???? ????? Windows 95 ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??? "???" ?? "???????" ???????.

????? ???????? ?????????

??? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????. ????? ????????:
   Name                         Description
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------
   Anonymous                    The client is anonymous. This setting is
                                not currently supported by DCOM.

   Identify                     The server can impersonate the client to
                                check permissions in the ACL (Access
                                Control List) but cannot access system
                                objects.

   Impersonate                  The server can impersonate the client and
                                access system objects on the client's
                                behalf.

   Delegate                     In addition to the Impersonate level, this
                                level can impersonate the client on calls
                                to other servers. This is not supported in
                                the current release of DCOM.
				
?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? "??????? ??????????" ???? ???????? "????? ???? ????? ????? ????" ? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ??????. ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ???? COM ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? artificially ??? ??? ???? ??? ???.

????? ??????? ?????? ??????????

???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? "?????? ?????????". ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? Windows ??? ?????? ??????:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLE
????? ??????:

  1. ??? ?????? ?????????: ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? DCOM ????? ???? ?????? "????? ?????" ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? "??????" ? "?????".
  2. ??? ??? ??????? ?????????: ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? DCOM ?????, ???? ?????? "????? ?????" ?????? ?? ??? ???????.
  3. ??? ??????? ?????????: ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? DCOM ?????????. ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ?????? DCOM ?????.

??????? ??????

???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?????????? ??????????. ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????:
   Group                  Description
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Interactive            Includes all users who log on to a Windows NT or
                          Windows 2000 system locally (at the console). It 
                          does not include users who connect to Windows NT
                          or Windows 2000 resources across a network or are
                          started as a server.

   Network                Includes all users who connect to Windows NT or 
                          Windows 2000 resources across a network. It does
                          not include those who connect through an
                          interactive logon.

   Creator/Owner          The Creator/Owner group is created for each
                          sharable resource in the Windows NT system. Its
                          membership is the set of users who either create
                          resource s(such as a file) and those who take
                          ownership of them.

   Everyone               All users accessing the system, whether locally,
                          remotely, or across the network.

   System                 The local operating system.
				
????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? Windows NT ? Windows 2000. ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????. ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????.

????? ???????

????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? DCOM ??????? ??????? ???? "?????" ??? ????? ??????? "?????????" ?? ????? DCOM. ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? (???, ????, ?????? ????) ?????? ?????? ??? ??? "????? ???????".

???

????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? (?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????) ? ??????? ???? (???? ???? ?? ??????? ????). ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ????? DCOM.

???? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{...CLSID...}
??? {... CLSID...} ?? CLSID ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??????.

????

??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? DCOM ?????? ???????. ???? ????? ???????? ????????:

  1. ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????????: ??? ???? ?????? ????? DCOM ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????????. ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????.
  2. ????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????: ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??????? DCOM ??? ?????? ??????.
  3. ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????: ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??????. (??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? Windows NT 4.0, Windows NT 4.0 ?? ????? ??????? ??????).
??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? DCOM ??? ???? ???? ???????. ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????.

??????

?? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????:

  1. ?????? ??????.
  2. ??? ????? ??????.
  3. ?????? ???????.
?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? "???? ???????."

??????

??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????. ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? DCOM:

  1. ?????? ????: ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????. ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????.
  2. ???????? ?????: ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ???????. ?? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? "?" ???????? ??????.
  3. ??? ????????: ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????.
  4. ???? ??????: ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????? Windows NT ? Windows 2000 ??????? DCOM.

???????

???? ???????: 176799 - ????? ??? ??????: 10/????/1427 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Visual Basic Control Creation Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic Enterprise Edition for Windows 6.0
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbdcom kbinfo KB176799 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????176799

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