How to create a categorized table in Word 97 or in Office Word 2003 from Visual FoxPro for Windows 5.0 and later versions

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SUMMARY

This article demonstrates how to create and format a table in Microsoft Word 97 or Microsoft Office Word 2003 from Visual FoxPro for Windows 5.0 and later using OLE automation. The table contains a grouping field, for instance, a state, company or customer sales ID. This example groups by country or region. The data for the Word document will be gathered using an SQL query into a temporary cursor.

MORE INFORMATION

For this code to work correctly, the first field in the query must be the group field used in the Word 97 report. For instance, if it is necessary to use all fields in a table for the report, but the field that is to be the group field is not the first field in the source table, then issue a query similar to this:
SELECT state,* FROM Customer GROUP BY state, custid INTO CURSOR category
				
This forces the group field, state in this example, to be the first field in the queried result.

NOTE: This code only works with the Service Release-1 for Word 97. Using prior versions of Word 97 causes a "Type Mismatch" and other OLE errors.

Create a program and enter the code given below. When the code is executed, the user will see two prompts. These prompts ask the user how the Word document should be formatted. The first prompt asks whether the user wants to have each grouping on its own page or not. The second question asks if the user wants underlines between the rows of the table or not. These questions are merely for viewing preferences and to show how the programmer may format the table in Word with these and other preferences.

Here is the sample code:
    */ Begin program code /*
       CLEAR
       SET TALK OFF
       SET CONSOLE OFF
       ctempfield = ""               && Variable to hold group category.
       headings_added = .F.
       newgrouppage = .F.

   * Make sure the FIRST field in the SELECT is the field the report
   * is categorized by. The Customer table is located in the
   * \VFP\Samples\Data folder. In Visual FoxPro 6.0, the Customer table is
   * in the Microsoft Visual Studio\Common\Samples\Data folder.
   
    ** We toggle the value of SET ENGINEBEHAVIOR in VFP 8.0 and
    ** 9.0 to allow this SELECT-SQL command to function. 
    **  For more information on the SET ENGIENBEHAVIOR command,
    ** see the VFP Help file. 

   IF "8.0"$VERSION() OR "9.0"$VERSION()
x=SET("enginebehavior")
SET ENGINEBEHAVIOR 70
   SELECT country, company, contact, title,maxordamt,phone;
   FROM HOME()+"Samples\Data\testdata!customer" GROUP BY;
      country,cust_id INTO CURSOR category
      SET ENGINEBEHAVIOR x
      ELSE
      SELECT country, company, contact, title,maxordamt,phone;
   FROM HOME()+"Samples\Data\testdata!customer" GROUP BY;
      country,cust_id INTO CURSOR category
endif

   IF _TALLY > 0
      oWord = CREATEOBJECT("Word.Application")
      oWord.Documents.Add
      owRange = oWord.Activedocument.Range(0,0)
      numcols = FCOUNT()-1   && Get number of fields for detail section
      oWord.Activedocument.Tables.Add(owRange, 1, numcols)

      * First prompt, separate pages for each group.
      nanswer = messagebox("Put each group on a new page?",36,;
         "Sepatate Pages")
      DO CASE
         CASE nanswer = 6         && Yes
            newgrouppage = .T.
         CASE nanswer = 7         && No
            headings_added = .F.
      ENDCASE

      WAIT WINDOW "Please wait while the data is formatted in Word.";
         + CHR(13)+"This may take several minutes..." NOWAIT

      DO WHILE !EOF()
         ctempfield = EVAL(FIELD(1)) && Set 1st field in table as category
         WITH oWord
            .Selection.Font.Reset
            .Selection.TypeText(EVAL(FIELD(1)))
            .Selection.SelectRow
            .Selection.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = 1
            .Selection.Font.Name = "Arial"
            .Selection.Font.Size = 16
            .Selection.Font.Bold = .T.
            .Selection.SelectRow
            .Selection.Cells.Merge
            .Selection.MoveRight(12)
            .Selection.Cells.Split(1,numcols)

            IF NOT headings_added && Put at least one heading in document
               .Selection.MoveRight(12)
               FOR i = 2 TO FCOUNT()
                  .Selection.Font.Italic = .T.
                  .Selection.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = 1
                  .Selection.Font.Name = "Times New Roman"
                  .Selection.Font.Size = 8
                  .Selection.TypeText((FIELD(i)))
                  .Selection.MoveRight(12)
                  headings_added = .T.
               ENDFOR
            ENDIF

            FOR i = 2 TO FCOUNT()
               curfield = EVAL(FIELD(i))
   * Check data type. Does not check Double, Float, Integer, General, Memo.
               IF TYPE((FIELD(i)))<>"C"
               DO CASE
                  CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "D"         && Date field
                     curfield = DTOC((FIELD(i)))
                  CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "N"         && Numerical
                     curfield = STR((FIELD(i)))
                  CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "Y"         && Currency
                     curfield = STR(EVAL(FIELD(i)),8,2)
                  CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "L"         && Logical
                     IF curfield
                        curfield = "True"
                     ELSE
                        curfield = "False"
                     ENDIF
                  CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "T"         && DateTime
                     curfield = TTOC(EVAL(FIELD(i)))
                  ENDCASE
                  .Selection.Font.Reset
                  .Selection.TypeText(curfield)
               ELSE
                  .Selection.Font.Reset
                  .Selection.TypeText(curfield)
               ENDIF
               .Selection.Font.Reset
               .Selection.MoveRight(12)
            ENDFOR
            SKIP
         ENDWITH

         DO WHILE ctempfield = EVAL(FIELD(1))   && Get other like records.
            WITH oWord
               FOR i = 2 TO FCOUNT()
                  curfield = EVAL(FIELD(i))
                  IF TYPE((FIELD(i)))<>"C"
                     DO CASE
                     CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "D"
                        curfield = DTOC((FIELD(i)))
                     CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "N"
                        curfield = STR((FIELD(i)))
                     CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "Y"
                        curfield = STR(EVAL(FIELD(i)),8,2)
                     CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "L"
                        IF curfield
                           curfield = "True"
                        ELSE
                           curfield = "False"
                        ENDIF
                     CASE TYPE((FIELD(i))) = "T"
                        curfield = TTOC(EVAL(FIELD(i)))
                     ENDCASE
                     .Selection.TypeText(curfield)
                  ELSE
                     .Selection.TypeText(curfield)
                  ENDIF
                     .Selection.MoveRight(12)
                  ENDFOR
            ENDWITH
            SKIP
         ENDDO

         IF RECNO() > RECCOUNT()   && Prevents an empty table/cells.
            EXIT
         ELSE
            IF newgrouppage
               headings_added = .F.    && False: add headings to each page.
               oWord.Selection.InsertBreak(2)  && Page break each category.
            ENDIF
         ENDIF
      ENDDO

      oWord.Selection.SelectRow   && Ensures no extra rows in the table.
      oWord.Selection.Rows.Delete

      * This section underlines or turns off all lines in the table.
      nanswer = MESSAGEBOX("Turn off underlines Y/N",36,;
         "No underlines in the table?")
      DO CASE
      CASE nanswer = 6       && Yes, turn off all underlines.
         WAIT WINDOW 'Formating table with no underlines in the table.';
            NOWAIT
         WITH oWord
            For Each aTable In .ActiveDocument.Tables && Format all tables.
               aTable.Borders(-1).LineStyle = 0         && Top border.
               aTable.Borders(-2).LineStyle = 0         && Left
               aTable.Borders(-3).LineStyle = 0         && Bottom
               aTable.Borders(-4).LineStyle = 0         && Right
               aTable.Borders(-5).LineStyle = 0         && Horizontal
               aTable.Borders(-6).LineStyle = 0         && Vertical
               aTable.Borders.Shadow = 0
            ENDFOR
         ENDWITH
      CASE nanswer = 7         && Number just underlines.
         WITH oWord
            WAIT WINDOW 'Formating table with underlines between records.';
               NOWAIT
            For Each aTable In .ActiveDocument.Tables && Format each table.
               aTable.Borders(-1).LineStyle = 0         && Top border
               aTable.Borders(-2).LineStyle = 0         && Left
               aTable.Borders(-3).LineStyle = 1         && Bottom
               aTable.Borders(-4).LineStyle = 0         && Right
               aTable.Borders(-5).LineStyle = 1         && Horizontal
               aTable.Borders(-6).LineStyle = 0         && Vertical
               aTable.Borders.Shadow = 0
            ENDFOR
         ENDWITH
         oWord.ActiveWindow.View.TableGridlines = .F. && No table gridlines
      ENDCASE

   * Get the number of pages in the Word report. The code adds the report
   * headings to the document header when the user chooses not to have the
   * report categories print on separate pages. Makes viewing groups
   * headings easier on other pages.
      numpages = oWord.ActiveDocument.ComputeStatistics(2)
      IF numpages > 1 AND NOT newgrouppage
         WITH oWord
            .Selection.MoveDown
            .ActiveWindow.ActivePane.View.Type = 3 && Put Word in Page view
            .ActiveWindow.ActivePane.View.SeekView = 9      && Open header.
            .Selection.ParagraphFormat.TabStops.ClearAll   && Clear tabs.

            * Printed header width is computed by subtracting margins
            * from page width. The margins are divided by 72. Word stores
            * these values as points; i.e. 72points/inch.
            pagewidth = 8.5-(.ActiveDocument.PageSetup.RightMargin+;
            .ActiveDocument.PageSetup.LeftMargin)/72
            tabspace = (pagewidth/(numcols))*72 && Convert inches to points
            tabstops = tabspace
            FOR i = 2 TO FCOUNT()
               .Selection.Font.Italic = .T.   && Format heading captions.
               .Selection.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = 1
               .Selection.Font.Name = "Times New Roman"
               .Selection.Font.Size = 8
               .Selection.TypeText((FIELD(i)))
               .Selection.TypeText(chr(9)) && Tab to set the next heading.
               .Selection.ParagraphFormat.TabStops.Add(tabstops) && Tab
               tabstops = tabstops+tabspace
            ENDFOR
         ENDWITH
      ENDIF
      WITH oWord
         .ActiveWindow.View.Type = 3 && Switch to page view. Normal view=1
         .ActiveWindow.ActivePane.View.SeekView = 0 && Open main document.
         .Selection.Homekey(6)               && Go to top of document.
         .Visible = .T.                     && Make Word visible.
         .Application.Activate               && Bring Word forward.
         .WindowState = 0    && Show Word in normal state. Maximized=1
         .ActiveWindow.ActivePane.View.ShowAll = 0 && No nonprinting items.
      ENDWITH
   ELSE
      =MESSAGEBOX("There were no records in the query.",16,;
         "Empty Query")
   ENDIF
   */ End program code /*
				

REFERENCES

For more information about obtaining Word for Windows 97 Service Release - 1, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
172475 How To Obtain and Install MS Office 97 SR-1
Microsoft Word Visual Basic Help

(c) Microsoft Corporation 1998, All Rights Reserved. Contributions by Dean Christopher, Microsoft Corporation

Properties

Article ID: 180901 - Last Review: February 21, 2014 - Revision: 2.4
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0a
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 7.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 8.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 9.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Word 97 Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft Office Word 2003
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbcode kbhowto kbinterop KB180901

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