How To Invoke a Parameterized ADO Query Using VBA/C++/Java

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Article ID: 181734
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Summary

In order to open a parameterized query within ActiveX Data Objects (ADO), you have to first open a Connection Object, then a Command Object, fill the Parameters Collection with one parameter in the collection for each parameter in the query, and then use the Command.Execute() method to open the ADO Recordset.

This article demonstrates how to perform this operation using VBA/VBScript, C++, and Java.

More information

All of the following code samples assume that an ODBC Data Source named "BIBLIO" that points to the Biblio.mdb file that ships with Visual Basic 5.0 and 6.0 exists. A parameterized query against the Authors table is performed, returning a recordset with all records where the field Au_ID < 5, and using a parameterized SQL statement. These code snippets are abbreviated from the ADO samples listed in the REFERENCES section.

VBA within Visual Basic or Microsoft Access and VBScript from ASP


Dim Conn1 As ADODB.Connection
Dim Cmd1 As ADODB.Command
Dim Param1 As ADODB.Parameter
Dim Rs1 As ADODB.Recordset

Dim i As Integer

' Trap any error/exception.
On Error Resume Next

' Create and Open Connection Object.
Set Conn1 = New ADODB.Connection
Conn1.ConnectionString = "DSN=Biblio;UID=admin;PWD=;"
Conn1.Open

' Create Command Object.
Set Cmd1 = New ADODB.Command
Cmd1.ActiveConnection = Conn1
Cmd1.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM Authors WHERE AU_ID < ?"

' Create Parameter Object.
Set Param1 = Cmd1.CreateParameter(, adInteger, adParamInput, 5)
Param1.Value = 5
Cmd1.Parameters.Append Param1
Set Param1 = Nothing

' Open Recordset Object.
Set Rs1 = Cmd1.Execute()
				
For VBScript users, you would replace the Dim statements with equivalent CreateObject calls, such as:
   Set conn1 = CreateObject( "ADODB.Connection.1.5" )
				
As ADO 1.x is not binary compatible, it is helpful to specify which version of ADO your script is referencing.

C++ Using #import

#import "C:\Program Files\Common Files\System\ado\msado15.dll" \ 
           rename( "EOF", "adoEOF" )
   ...
   _variant_t  vtEmpty (DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);
   _variant_t  vtEmpty2(DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);
   ...
   ADODB::_ConnectionPtr  Conn1;
   ADODB::_CommandPtr     Cmd1;
   ADODB::_ParameterPtr   Param1;
   ADODB::_RecordsetPtr   Rs1;

   // Trap any error/exception.
   try
   {
       // Create and Open Connection Object.
       Conn1.CreateInstance( __uuidof( ADODB::Connection ) );
       Conn1->ConnectionString =
                           _bstr_t(L"DSN=Biblio;UID=adimin;PWD=;");
       Conn1->Open( _bstr_t(L""), _bstr_t(L""), _bstr_t(L""), -1 );

       // Create Command Object.
       Cmd1.CreateInstance( __uuidof( ADODB::Command ) );
       Cmd1->ActiveConnection = Conn1;
       Cmd1->CommandText = _bstr_t(L"SELECT * FROM Authors "
                                   L"WHERE Au_ID < ?");

       // Create Parameter Object.
       Param1 = Cmd1->CreateParameter( _bstr_t(L""),
                                       ADODB::adInteger,
                                       ADODB::adParamInput,
                                       -1,
                                       _variant_t( (long) 5) );
       Param1->Value = _variant_t( (long) 5 );
       Cmd1->Parameters->Append( Param1 );

       // Open Recordset Object.
       Rs1 = Cmd1->Execute( &vtEmpty, &vtEmpty2, ADODB::adCmdText );

   }

   catch( CException *e ) { e->Delete(); }
   catch(...)             {  }   
				
For a demonstration of how to use a Parameterized Query either with classes generated by the Microsoft Foundation Class (MFC) ClassWizard, or using straight COM programming, please see the ADOVC sample referenced in the REFERENCES section.

Java

   msado15._Connection  Conn1   = new msado15.Connection();
   msado15._Command     Cmd1    = null;
   msado15._Recordset   Rs1     = new msado15.Recordset();
   boolean              bEOF;

   Variant              v1      = new Variant();
   Variant              v2      = new Variant();

   // Trap any error/exception.
   try
   {
       // Create and Open Connection Object.
       Conn1.putConnectionString( bstrAccessConnect );
       Conn1.Open( bstrEmpty, bstrEmpty, bstrEmpty, -1 );

       // Create Command Object.
       Cmd1= new msado15.Command();
       Cmd1.putActiveConnection( Conn1 );
       Cmd1.putCommandText( "SELECT * FROM Authors WHERE Au_ID < ?" );

       // Create Parameter Object.
       v1.putString( "P1" );
       v2.putInt( 5 );
       Cmd1.getParameters().Append(
            Cmd1.CreateParameter( v1.getString(),
                         msado15.DataTypeEnum.adInteger,
                         msado15.ParameterDirectionEnum.adParamInput,
                         0,
                         v2 ) );

       // Open Recordset Object.
       Rs1 = Cmd1.Execute( vtEmpty, vtEmpty2,
                           msado15.CommandTypeEnum.adCmdText );
       Rs1.Requery( -1 );

   }
   // Catch Blocks
   catch (com.ms.com.ComFailException e) { }
   catch(Exception e)                    { }
   
				
In this case, the requery may be necessary after opening the recordset.

References

For additional information, please see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
172403 SAMPLE: Adovb.exe Demonstrates How to Use ADO with Visual Basic
220152 Sample: ADOVC1 Simple ADO/VC++ Application

Properties

Article ID: 181734 - Last Review: June 22, 2014 - Revision: 3.0
Keywords: 
kbhowto kbmdacnosweep KB181734
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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