How To Use DCOM Config (DCOMCNFG.EXE) with Windows 95/98/Me

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Article ID: 182248 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

DCOMCNFG.EXE (known as DCOM Config) is a utility that can be used to secure distributed COM (DCOM) objects that have been created.

Because security is much more advanced on Windows NT and Windows 2000, the options differ on Windows NT and Windows 2000 systems. This article, written for those running DCOM Config on Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me systems, describes the options and settings in DCOM Config.

MORE INFORMATION

The DCOM Config's main window is divided into three tabs:
  1. Applications Tab.
  2. Default Properties Tab.
  3. Default Security Tab.
The following explains each tab in DCOM Config, beginning with the Applications tab.

Applications Tab

The Applications tab shows each of the items registered under the following registry key:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AppId\
Beneath this key are all of the objects that can be launched on a remote machine. DCOM Config displays just the ProgIDs (friendly names) of each object, such as "Microsoft Word Document" or "Microsoft Access Database." Some objects may register without registering a ProgID; in these cases, the GUID of the object will be displayed, such as "{4E6B942A-01B0-11D1-A9CB- 00AA00B7B36F}."

Properties for each application listed in the Applications tab can be viewed either by selecting an item and choosing the "Properties" button, or by double-clicking the application name.

Default Properties Tab

Each of the values displayed under the Default Properties tab may be found under the following key in the registry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLE
The first item in the Default Properties tab is a check box:
"Enable Distributed COM on this computer"
This is a global setting for the entire machine. When this option is checked, the machine allows the creation of DCOM objects. If it is not checked, no objects may be created via DCOM.

NOTE: You must reboot the system in order for a change in this setting to take effect.

The second part of the Default Properties tab is the Default Distributed COM Communication properties, which consists of two parts:
  1. Default Authentication Level
  2. Default Impersonation Level
These two options can only be modified if DCOM is enabled on this system.
  1. Default Authentication Level Authentication Levels are as follows:
    Name                         Description
    ---------------------------------------------------
    None                         No authentication.
    
    Connect                      Authentication occurs when a connection
                                 is made to the server. Connectionless
                                 protocols do not use this.
    					
    Unlike Windows NT and Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me machines can only accept calls on the 'None' or 'Connect' levels.

  2. Default Impersonation Level

    If no security is set at the object level, the server uses the security setting specified here as the default. The possible values are:
    Name                         Description
    -----------------------------------------------------
    Identify                     The server can impersonate the client to
                                 check permissions in the ACL (Access Control
                                 List) but cannot access system objects.
    
    Impersonate                  The server can impersonate the client and
                                 access system objects on the client's behalf.
    					
The last item on the Default Properties tab is a check box:
"Provide additional security for reference tracking"
This tells the server to track connected client applications by keeping an additional reference count. Checking this box uses more memory and may slow down COM, but it ensures that a client application cannot kill a server process by artificially forcing a reference count to zero.

Default Security Tab

On Windows 95 machines, there is an option under the Default Security tab for Default Access Permission. The value displayed here may be found in the Windows registry at the following location:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLE
Default Access Permission - This value determines the users who can access an object when no other access permissions are provided. For information on how to give individual access permissions to specific DCOM objects, see the "Application Properties" section later in this document.

An additional option under the Default Security tab is "Enable remote connection." This option must be selected in order to enable remote connections to DCOM Servers running on Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me. The value is stored as a Yes or No value in the Windows registry at the following location:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLE\EnableRemoteConnect

Application Properties

You may specify custom settings for individual DCOM applications by choosing the Properties button on the "Applications" tab in DCOM Config. This section describes each tab (General, Location, and Security) and setting found within Application Properties.

General

The General tab provides general information about the application. This tab displays the Application name, type (local server or remote server), and location (local path or remote computer). These settings are not modifiable through the DCOM Config interface.

The General Tab retrieves all of its information from subkeys of the following registry key:
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{...CLSID...}
where {...CLSID...} is the unique CLSID for the Object Server currently being viewed.

Location

This tab is used to determine where DCOM will execute the application. There are three possible choices:
  1. Run application on the computer where the data is located - If selected, DCOM will execute the application where the data is located. This is useful only if the application provides a data file for the server application.
  2. Run application on this computer - Indicates that the DCOM application should run on the local machine.
  3. Run application on the following computer - Allows you to specify a computer to execute on. This option should only be selected on DCOM Client machines to specify where the DCOM server is located. For DCOM Servers this option will not work as expected; Windows 95 and Windows 98 machines cannot delegate an application to execute on a different machine.

Security

On this tab, you may customize settings for individual application permissions. This tab is only available for objects capable of performing as DCOM Servers. You may customize the settings for the following permissions:
  • Use default access permissions.
  • Use custom access permissions.
With custom access permissions, you may specify individual users who may access the application. If you do not choose to use custom access permissions, the default security settings are used. For more information about the Security tab see the "Default Security" section earlier in this article.

REFERENCES

165101 : How To Use Win95 as a DCOM Server

176799 : INFO: Use DCOM Config (DCOMCNFG.EXE) on Windows NT

Properties

Article ID: 182248 - Last Review: February 9, 2006 - Revision: 3.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
Keywords: 
kbdcom kbhowto kbregistry KB182248
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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