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INFO: Translating Automation Errors for VB/VBA (Long)
Article ID: 186063 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q186063
This article describes several methods you can use to obtain the message text for an error code. This article also contains a list of error codes and descriptions as found in Winerror.h.
NOTE: When errors are raised when working with the Automation in Visual Basic or with VBA (Visual Basic for Applications), the error does not always include the message text for the error.
Refer to Winerror.hWhen automating another application with Visual Basic or VBA, you may receive an error similar to the following:
The value -2147418094 corresponds to the decimal representation of the error code; 80010012 corresponds to the hexadecimal representation of the same code. This code is documented in the Microsoft Visual C++ header file Winerror.h. To locate the error code, search for the hexadecimal representation of the error code (that is, 80010012). The following is an excerpt from Winerror.h, which describes this error:
Run-time error '-2147418094 (80010012)':
Winerror.h is included with Microsoft Visual C++ and is also provided with the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) Library.
NOTE: Automation errors that are specific to a server application are not listed in Winerror.h. If you do not find the error code in Winerror.h, check the documentation for the server application. Usually, with application-specific errors, the last 4 digits of the hexadecimal representation of the error code refer to the application specific error.
Use FormatMessageYou can use the FormatMessage API function to determine the message text associated with an automation error code. The sample function below illustrates how you can use FormatMessage to obtain the message text:
The next example illustrates how you can use this function with your automation code. In this example, Microsoft Excel is the server application. Referencing a workbook object once it is destroyed (or closed) generates the error. To illustrate how to use the MessageText function, this example purposely generates an automation error by referencing a workbook object after the workbook has been closed:
Referencing the book object after the workbook is destroyed generates the run-time error -2147418094 (80010012). This is the message text returned by FormatMessage for this particular error:
NOTE: The FormatMessage function does not return errors that are specific to an application.
The callee (server [not server application]) is not available and disappeared; all connections are invalid. The call did not execute.
Use "Error Lookup"Microsoft Visual C++ version 5.0 includes a utility called "Error Lookup" that provides the message text for error codes.
To use this utility, start Microsoft Visual C++ and click Error Lookup on the Tools menu. Type the error code and click Lookup. As an example, if you had received the previously described error, -2147418094 (80010012), you would type the following text in "Error Lookup" and then click Lookup:
Error List from WINERROR.HThe following table describes the error codes contained in Winerror.h included with Microsoft Visual C++ version 5.0:
Automation Automation Error Error in Decimal in Hex Error Description -2147418113 (8000FFFF) Catastrophic failure. -2147942413 (8007000D) The Data is invalid. -2147467263 (80004001) Not implemented. -2147024882 (8007000E) Ran out of memory. -2147024809 (80070057) One or more arguments are invalid. -2147467262 (80004002) No such interface supported. -2147467261 (80004003) Invalid pointer. -2147024890 (80070006) Invalid handle. -2147467260 (80004004) Operation aborted. -2147467259 (80004005) Unspecified error. -2147024891 (80070005) General access denied error. -2147483647 (80000001) Not implemented. -2147483646 (80000002) Ran out of memory. -2147483645 (80000003) One or more arguments are invalid. -2147483644 (80000004) No such interface supported. -2147483643 (80000005) Invalid pointer. -2147483642 (80000006) Invalid handle. -2147483641 (80000007) Operation aborted. -2147483640 (80000008) Unspecified error. -2147483639 (80000009) General access denied error. -2147483638 (8000000A) The data necessary to complete this operation not yet available. -2147467258 (80004006) Thread local storage failure. -2147467257 (80004007) Get shared memory allocator failure. -2147467256 (80004008) Get memory allocator failure. -2147467255 (84009) Unable to initialize class cache. -2147467254 (8400A) Unable to initialize RPC services. -2147467253 (8000400B) Cannot set thread local storage channel control. -2147467252 (8000400C) Could not allocate thread local storage channel control. -2147467251 (8000400D) The user supplied memory allocator is unacceptable. -2147467250 (8000400E) The OLE service mutex already exists. -2147467249 (8000400F) The OLE service file mapping already exists. -2147467248 (80004010) Unable to map view of file for OLE service. -2147467247 (80004011) Failure attempting to launch OLE service. -2147467246 (80004012) There was an attempt to call CoInitialize a second time while single threaded. -2147467245 (80004013) A Remote activation was necessary but was not allowed. -2147467244 (80004014) A Remote activation was necessary but the server name provided was invalid. -2147467243 (80004015) The class is configured to run as a security id different from the caller. -2147467242 (80004016) Use of Ole1 services requiring DDE windows is disabled. -2147467241 (80004017) A RunAs specification must be A RunAs specification must be <domain name>\<user name> or simply <user name>. -2147467240 (80004018) The server process could not be started. The pathname may be incorrect. -2147467239 (80004019) The server process could not be started as the configured identity. The pathname may be incorrect or unavailable. -2147467238 (8000401A) The server process could not be started because the configured identity is incorrect. Check the username and password. -2147467237 (8000401B) The client is not allowed to launch this server. -2147467236 (8000401C) The service providing this server could not be started. -2147467235 (8000401D) This computer was unable to communicate with the computer providing the server. -2147467234 (8000401E) The server did not respond after being launched. -2147467233 (8000401F) The registration information for this server is inconsistent or incomplete. -2147467232 (80004020) The registration information for this interface is inconsistent or incomplete. -2147467231 (80004021) The operation attempted is not supported. -2147221504 (80040000) Invalid OLEVERB structure. -2147221503 (80040001) Invalid advise flags. -2147221502 (80040002) Can't enumerate any more, because the associated data is missing. -2147221501 (80040003) This implementation doesn't take advises. -2147221500 (80040004) There is no connection for this connection ID. -2147221499 (80040005) Need to run the object to perform this operation. -2147221498 (80040006) There is no cache to operate on. -2147221497 (80040007) Uninitialized object. -2147221496 (80040008) Linked object's source class has changed. -2147221495 (80040009) Not able to get the moniker of the object. -2147221494 (8004000A) Not able to bind to the source. -2147221493 (8004000B) Object is static; operation not allowed. -2147221492 (8004000C) User cancelled out of save dialog. -2147221491 (8004000D) Invalid rectangle. -2147221490 (8004000E) compobj.dll is too old for the ole2.dll initialized. -2147221489 (8004000F) Invalid window handle. -2147221488 (80040010) Object is not in any of the inplace active states. -2147221487 (80040011) Not able to convert object. -2147221486 (80040012) Not able to perform the operation because object is not given storage yet. -2147221404 (80040064) Invalid FORMATETC structure. -2147221403 (80040065) Invalid DVTARGETDEVICE structure. -2147221402 (80040066) Invalid STDGMEDIUM structure. -2147221401 (80040067) Invalid STATDATA structure. -2147221400 (80040068) Invalid lindex. -2147221399 (80040069) Invalid tymed. -2147221398 (8004006A) Invalid clipboard format. -2147221397 (8004006B) Invalid aspect(s). -2147221396 (8004006C) tdSize parameter of the DVTARGETDEVICE structure is invalid. -2147221395 (8004006D) Object doesn't support IViewObject interface. -2147221248 (80040100) Trying to revoke a drop target that has not been registered. -2147221247 (80040101) This window has already been registered as a drop target. -2147221246 (80040102) Invalid window handle. -2147221232 (80040110) Class does not support aggregation (or class object is remote). -2147221231 (80040111) ClassFactory cannot supply requested class. -2147221184 (80040140) Error drawing view. -2147221168 (80040150) Could not read key from registry. -2147221167 (80040151) Could not write key to registry. -2147221166 (80040152) Could not find the key in the registry. -2147221165 (80040153) Invalid value for registry. -2147221164 (80040154) Class not registered. -2147221163 (80040155) Interface not registered. -2147221136 (80040170) Cache not updated. -2147221120 (80040180) No verbs for OLE object. -2147221119 (80040181) Invalid verb for OLE object. -2147221088 (800401A0) Undo is not available. -2147221087 (800401A1) Space for tools is not available. -2147221056 (800401C0) OLESTREAM Get method failed. -2147221055 (800401C1) OLESTREAM Put method failed. -2147221054 (800401C2) Contents of the OLESTREAM not in correct format. -2147221053 (800401C3) There was an error in a Windows GDI call while converting the bitmap to a DIB. -2147221052 (800401C4) Contents of the IStorage not in correct format. -2147221051 (800401C5) Contents of IStorage is missing one of the standard streams. -2147221050 (800401C6) There was an error in a Windows GDI call while converting the DIB to a bitmap. -2147221040 (800401D0) OpenClipboard Failed. -2147221039 (800401D1) EmptyClipboard Failed. -2147221038 (800401D2) SetClipboard Failed. -2147221037 (800401D3) Data on clipboard is invalid. -2147221036 (800401D4) CloseClipboard Failed. -2147221024 (800401E0) Moniker needs to be connected manually. -2147221023 (800401E1) Operation exceeded deadline. -2147221022 (800401E2) Moniker needs to be generic. -2147221021 (800401E3) Operation unavailable. -2147221020 (800401E4) Invalid syntax. -2147221019 (800401E5) No object for moniker. -2147221018 (800401E6) Bad extension for file. -2147221017 (800401E7) Intermediate operation failed. -2147221016 (800401E8) Moniker is not bindable. -2147221015 (800401E9) Moniker is not bound. -2147221014 (800401EA) Moniker cannot open file. -2147221013 (800401EB) User input required for operation to succeed. -2147221012 (800401EC) Moniker class has no inverse. -2147221011 (800401ED) Moniker does not refer to storage. -2147221010 (800401EE) No common prefix. -2147221009 (800401EF) Moniker could not be enumerated. -2147221008 (800401F0) CoInitialize has not been called. -2147221007 (800401F1) CoInitialize has already been called. -2147221006 (800401F2) Class of object cannot be determined. -2147221005 (800401F3) Invalid class string. -2147221004 (800401F4) Invalid interface string. -2147221003 (800401F5) Application not found. -2147221002 (800401F6) Application cannot be run more than once. -2147221001 (800401F7) Some error in application program. -2147221000 (800401F8) DLL for class not found. -2147220999 (800401F9) Error in the DLL. -2147220998 (800401FA) Wrong OS or OS version for application. -2147220997 (800401FB) Object is not registered. -2147220996 (800401FC) Object is already registered. -2147220995 (800401FD) Object is not connected to server. -2147220994 (800401FE) Application was launched but it didn't register a class factory. -2147220993 (800401FF) Object has been released. -2146959359 (80080001) Attempt to create a class object failed. -2146959358 (80080002) OLE service could not bind object. -2146959357 (80080003) RPC communication failed with OLE service. -2146959356 (80080004) Bad path to object. -2146959355 (80080005) Server execution failed. -2146959354 (80080006) OLE service could not communicate with the object server. -2146959353 (80080007) Moniker path could not be normalized. -2146959352 (80080008) Object server is stopping when OLE service contacts it. -2146959351 (80080009) An invalid root block pointer was specified. -2146959344 (80080010) An allocation chain contained an invalid link pointer. -2146959343 (80080011) The requested allocation size was too large. -2147352575 (80020001) Unknown interface. -2147352573 (80020003) Member not found. -2147352572 (80020004) Parameter not found. -2147352571 (80020005) Type mismatch. -2147352570 (80020006) Unknown name. -2147352569 (80020007) No named arguments. -2147352568 (80020008) Bad variable type. -2147352567 (80020009) Exception occurred. -2147352566 (8002000A) Out of present range. -2147352565 (8002000B) Invalid index. -2147352564 (8002000C) Unknown language. -2147352563 (8002000D) Memory is locked. -2147352562 (8002000E) Invalid number of parameters. -2147352561 (8002000F) Parameter not optional. -2147352560 (80020010) Invalid callee. -2147352559 (80020011) Does not support a collection. -2147319786 (80028016) Buffer too small. -2147319784 (80028018) Old format or invalid type library. -2147319783 (80028019) Old format or invalid type library. -2147319780 (8002801C) Error accessing the OLE registry. -2147319779 (8002801D) Library not registered. -2147319769 (80028027) Bound to unknown type. -2147319768 (80028028) Qualified name disallowed. -2147319767 (80028029) Invalid forward reference, or reference to uncompiled type. -2147319766 (8002802A) Type mismatch. -2147319765 (8002802B) Element not found. -2147319764 (8002802C) Ambiguous name. -2147319763 (8002802D) Name already exists in the library. -2147319762 (8002802E) Unknown LCID. -2147319761 (8002802F) Function not defined in specified DLL. -2147317571 (800288BD) Wrong module kind for the operation. -2147317563 (800288C5) Size may not exceed 64K. -2147317562 (800288C6) Duplicate ID in inheritance hierarchy. -2147317553 (800288CF) Incorrect inheritance depth in standard OLE hmember. -2147316576 (80028CA0) Type mismatch. -2147316575 (80028CA1) Invalid number of arguments. -2147316574 (80028CA2) I/O Error. -2147316573 (80028CA3) Error creating unique tmp file. -2147312566 (80029C4A) Error loading type library/DLL. -2147312509 (80029C83) Inconsistent property functions. -2147312508 (80029C84) Circular dependency between types/modules. -2147287039 (80030001) Unable to perform requested operation. -2147287038 (80030002) %1 could not be found. -2147287037 (80030003) The path %1 could not be found. -2147287036 (80030004) There are insufficient resources to open another file. -2147287035 (80030005) Access Denied. -2147287034 (80030006) Attempted an operation on an invalid object. -2147287032 (80030008) There is insufficient memory available to complete operation. -2147287031 (80030009) Invalid pointer error. -2147287022 (80030012) There are no more entries to return. -2147287021 (80030013) Disk is write-protected. -2147287015 (80030019) An error occurred during a seek operation. -2147287011 (8003001D) A disk error occurred during a write operation. -2147287010 (8003001E) A disk error occurred during a read operation. -2147287008 (80030020) A share violation has occurred. -2147287007 (80030021) A lock violation has occurred. -2147286960 (80030050) %1 already exists. -2147286953 (80030057) Invalid parameter error. -2147286928 (80030070) There is insufficient disk space to complete operation. -2147286800 (800300F0) Illegal write of non-simple property to simple property set. -2147286790 (800300FA) An API call exited abnormally. -2147286789 (800300FB) The file %1 is not a valid compound file. -2147286788 (800300FC) The name %1 is not valid. -2147286787 (800300FD) An unexpected error occurred. -2147286786 (800300FE) That function is not implemented. -2147286785 (800300FF) Invalid flag error. -2147286784 (80030100) Attempted to use an object that is busy. -2147286783 (80030101) The storage has been changed since the last commit. -2147286782 (80030102) Attempted to use an object that has ceased to exist. -2147286781 (80030103) Can't save. -2147286780 (80030104) The compound file %1 was produced with an incompatible version of storage. -2147286779 (80030105) The compound file %1 was produced with a newer version of storage. -2147286778 (80030106) Share.exe or equivalent is required for operation. -2147286777 (80030107) Illegal operation called on non-file based storage. -2147286776 (80030108) Illegal operation called on object with extant marshallings. -2147286775 (80030109) The docfile has been corrupted. -2147286768 (80030110) OLE32.DLL has been loaded at the wrong address. -2147286527 (80030201) The file download was aborted abnormally. The file is incomplete. -2147286526 (80030202) The file download has been terminated. -2147418111 (80010001) Call was rejected by callee. -2147418110 (80010002) Call was canceled by the message filter. -2147418109 (80010003) The caller is dispatching an intertask SendMessage call and cannot call out via PostMessage. -2147418108 (80010004) The caller is dispatching an asynchronous call and cannot make an outgoing call on behalf of this call. -2147418107 (80010005) It is illegal to call out while inside message filter. -2147418106 (80010006) The connection terminated or is in a bogus state and cannot be used any more. Other connections are still valid. -2147418105 (80010007) The callee (server [not server application]) is not available and disappeared; all connections are invalid. The call may have executed. -2147418104 (80010008) The caller (client) disappeared while the callee (server) was processing a call. -2147418103 (80010009) The data packet with the marshalled parameter data is incorrect. -2147418102 (8001000A) The call was not transmitted properly; the message queue was full and was not emptied after yielding. -2147418101 (8001000B) The client (caller) cannot marshal the parameter data - low memory, etc. -2147418100 (8001000C) The client (caller) cannot unmarshal the return data - low memory, etc. -2147418099 (8001000D) The server (callee) cannot marshal the return data - low memory, etc. -2147418098 (8001000E) The server (callee) cannot unmarshal the parameter data - low memory, etc. -2147418097 (8001000F) Received data is invalid; could be server or client data. -2147418096 (80010010) A particular parameter is invalid and cannot be (un)marshalled. -2147418095 (80010011) There is no second outgoing call on same channel in DDE conversation. -2147418094 (80010012) The callee (server [not server application]) is not available and disappeared; all connections are invalid. The call did not execute. -2147417856 (80010100) System call failed. -2147417855 (80010101) Could not allocate some required resource (memory, events, ...) -2147417854 (80010102) Attempted to make calls on more than one thread in single threaded mode. -2147417853 (80010103) The requested interface is not registered on the server object. -2147417852 (80010104) RPC could not call the server or could not return the results of calling the server. -2147417851 (80010105) The server threw an exception. -2147417850 (80010106) Cannot change thread mode after it is set. -2147417849 (80010107) The method called does not exist on the server. -2147417848 (80010108) The object invoked has disconnected from its clients. -2147417847 (80010109) The object invoked chose not to process the call now. Try again later. -2147417846 (8001010A) The message filter indicated that the application is busy. -2147417845 (8001010B) The message filter rejected the call. -2147417844 (8001010C) A call control interfaces was called with invalid data. -2147417843 (8001010D) An outgoing call cannot be made since the application is dispatching an input-synchronous call. -2147417842 (8001010E) The application called an interface that was marshalled for a different thread. -2147417841 (8001010F) CoInitialize has not been called on the current thread. -2147417840 (80010110) The version of OLE on the client and server machines does not match. -2147417839 (80010111) OLE received a packet with an invalid header. -2147417838 (80010112) OLE received a packet with an invalid extension. -2147417837 (80010113) The requested object or interface does not exist. -2147417836 (80010114) The requested object does not exist. -2147417835 (80010115) OLE has sent a request and is waiting for a reply. -2147417834 (80010116) OLE is waiting before retrying a request. -2147417833 (80010117) Call context cannot be accessed after call completed. -2147417832 (80010118) Impersonate on unsecured calls is not supported. -2147417831 (80010119) Security must be initialized before any interfaces are marshalled or unmarshalled. It cannot be changed once initialized. -2147417830 (8001011A) No security packages are installed on this machine or the user is not logged on or there are no compatible security packages between the client and server. -2147417829 (8001011B) Access is denied. -2147417828 (8001011C) Remote calls are not allowed for this process. -2147417827 (8001011D) The marshalled interface data packet (OBJREF) has an invalid or unknown format. -2147352577 (8001FFFF) An internal error occurred. -2146893823 (80090001) Bad UID. -2146893822 (80090002) Bad Hash. -2146893821 (80090003) Bad Key. -2146893820 (80090004) Bad Length. -2146893819 (80090005) Bad Data. -2146893818 (80090006) Invalid Signature. -2146893817 (80090007) Bad Version of provider. -2146893816 (80090008) Invalid algorithm specified. -2146893815 (80090009) Invalid flags specified. -2146893814 (8009000A) Invalid type specified. -2146893813 (8009000B) Key not valid for use in specified state. -2146893812 (8009000C) Hash not valid for use in specified state. -2146893811 (8009000D) Key does not exist. -2146893810 (8009000E) Insufficient memory available for the operation. -2146893809 (8009000F) Object already exists. -2146893808 (80090010) Access denied. -2146893807 (80090011) Object was not found. -2146893806 (80090012) Data already encrypted. -2146893805 (80090013) Invalid provider specified. -2146893804 (80090014) Invalid provider type specified. -2146893803 (80090015) Provider's public key is invalid. -2146893802 (80090016) Keyset does not exist. -2146893801 (80090017) Provider type not defined. -2146893800 (80090018) Provider type as registered is invalid. -2146893799 (80090019) The keyset is not defined. -2146893798 (8009001A) Keyset as registered is invalid. -2146893797 (8009001B) Provider type does not match registered value. -2146893796 (8009001C) The digital signature file is corrupt. -2146893795 (8009001D) Provider DLL failed to initialize correctly. -2146893794 (8009001E) Provider DLL could not be found. -2146893793 (8009001F) The Keyset parameter is invalid. -2146893792 (80090020) An internal error occurred. -2146893791 (80090021) A base error occurred. -2146762751 (800B0001) The specified trust provider is not known on this system. -2146762750 (800B0002) The trust verification action specified is not supported by the specified trust provider. -2146762749 (800B0003) The form specified for the subject is not one supported or known by the specified trust provider. -2146762748 (800B0004) The subject is not trusted for the specified action. -2146762747 (800B0005) Error due to problem in ASN.1 encoding process. -2146762746 (800B0006) Error due to problem in ASN.1 decoding process. -2146762745 (800B0007) Reading / writing Extensions where Attributes are appropriate, and visa versa. -2146762744 (800B0008) Unspecified cryptographic failure. -2146762743 (800B0009) The size of the data could not be determined. -2146762742 (800B000A) The size of the indefinite-sized data could not be determined. -2146762741 (800B000B) This object does not read and write self-sizing data. -2146762496 (800B0100) No signature was present in the subject. -2146762495 (800B0101) A required certificate is not within its validity period. -2146762494 (800B0102) The validity periods of the certification chain do not nest correctly. -2146762493 (800B0103) A certificate that can only be used as an end-entity is being used as a CA or visa versa. -2146762492 (800B0104) A path length constraint in the certification chain has been violated. -2146762491 (800B0105) An extension of unknown type that is labeled 'critical' is present in a certificate. -2146762490 (800B0106) A certificate is being used for a purpose other than that for which it is permitted. -2146762489 (800B0107) A parent of a given certificate in fact did not issue that child certificate. -2146762488 (800B0108) A certificate is missing or has an empty value for an important field, such as a subject or issuer name. -2146762487 (800B0109) A certification chain processed correctly, but terminated in a root certificate which isn't trusted by the trust provider. -2146762486 (800B010A) A chain of certs didn't chain as they should in a certain application of chaining.
For additional information about this topic in Office 97 or Office 2000, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
253235For more information, visit the following Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) Web site:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/253235/ )FILE: OFFAUTMN.EXE Discusses Office 97 and 2000 Automation and Provides Sample Code
Article ID: 186063 - Last Review: February 12, 2007 - Revision: 6.2