ACC97: How to Read .LDB Files

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Article ID: 186304 - View products that this article applies to.
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Advanced: Requires expert coding, interoperability, and multiuser skills.

In Microsoft Access 97, the .ldb file is used to determine which records are locked in a shared database and by whom. It is created automatically when any user opens a database and deleted when the last user closes the database. While the .ldb file cannot be opened directly for reading, Microsoft provides a dynamic link library that exposes functions that you can use to read the .ldb file. This article contains sample code for using the DLL to read an .ldb file.

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.


The dynamic link library Msldbusr.dll contains functions that enable you to do the following:
  • View all computers that have logged into a database since the .ldb file was created.
  • View only computers that are currently logged into a database.
  • View computers that are causing a database file to be corrupted.
  • View the count of computers logged into a database.
Msldbusr.dll is part of the Jetutils.exe file. For more information about Jetutils.exe or Msldbusr.dll and its usage, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
176670 ACC: Microsoft Jet Utilities Available in Download Center
The following sample Visual Basic for Applications code calls the LDBUser_GetUsers function of Msldbusr.dll to print a list of computers currently connected to a database in the Debug window.

After installing Msldbusr.dll to the C:\Windows\System (Microsoft Windows 95) or C:\Winnt\System32 (Microsoft Windows NT) folder, follow these steps to create and use the sample function:
  1. Create a new module in Microsoft Access 97
  2. Type or paste the following function declaration statement into the Declarations section of the module:
          Declare Function LDBUser_GetUsers Lib "MSLDBUSR.DLL" _
          (lpszUserBuffer() As String, ByVal lpszFilename As String, _
          ByVal nOptions As Long) As Integer
  3. Type or paste the following sample function into the module:
          Public Function GetUsers(Optional StrDbPath As String)
             ReDim lpszUserBuffer(1) As String
             Dim intLooper As Integer
             Dim Cusers As Long
             Dim strMsgBox As String
             On Error GoTo Err_GetUsers
             ' Check to see if a database path was passed
             ' to the function. If the argument was not used,
             ' assume that we're to investigate the .ldb
             ' of the current database.
             If IsMissing(StrDbPath) Or StrDbPath = "" Then
                  StrDbPath = CurrentDb.Name
             End If
             ' Set Cusers to the number of computers currently connected
             ' to the database. Insert computer information into the
             ' lpszUserBuffer array.
             ' Arguments of LdbUser_Get Users:
             ' 1 =   All users who have logged in since the LDB file was
             ' created
             ' 2 =   Only users who are currently logged in
             ' 4 =   Only users who are causing the database file to be
             ' corrupted
             ' 8 =   Just return the count of users
             Cusers = LDBUser_GetUsers(lpszUserBuffer(), StrDbPath, 2)
             ' Print possible errors returned by the function.
             Select Case Cusers
                  Case -1
                       strMsgBox = "Can't open the LDB file"
                  Case -2
                       strMsgBox = "No user connected"
                  Case -3
                       strMsgBox = "Can't Create an Array"
                  Case -4
                       strMsgBox = "Can't redimension array"
                  Case -5
                       strMsgBox = "Invalid argument passed"
                  Case -6
                       strMsgBox = "Memory allocation error"
                  Case -7
                       strMsgBox = "Bad index"
                  Case -8
                       strMsgBox = "Out of memory"
                  Case -9
                       strMsgBox = "Invalid Argument"
                  Case -10
                       strMsgBox = "LDB is suspected as corrupted"
                  Case -11
                       strMsgBox = "Invalid argument"
                  Case -12
                       strMsgBox = "Unable to read MDB file"
                  Case -13
                       strMsgBox = "Can't open the MDB file"
                  Case -14
                       strMsgBox = "Can't find the LDB file"
             End Select
             If Not IsEmpty(strMsgBox) And strMsgBox <> "" Then
                  MsgBox strMsgBox, vbCritical, "Error"
                  Exit Function
             End If
             ' Print computer names to Debug window.
             For intLooper = 0 To Cusers - 1
                  Debug.Print "User"; intLooper + 1; ":"; _
             Exit Function
             MsgBox Err.Description
             Resume Exit_GetUsers
        End Function
  4. To test this function, type the following line in the Debug window, and then press ENTER:


For more information about Msldbusr.dll, review the Msldbusr.doc file found in Jetutils.exe.


Article ID: 186304 - Last Review: January 23, 2007 - Revision: 4.3
  • Microsoft Access 97 Standard Edition
kbhowto kbprogramming KB186304
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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