How to programmatically install a True Type font in Visual FoxPro

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 186722 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q186722
Expand all | Collapse all

On This Page

SUMMARY

When installing a Visual FoxPro application that uses custom fonts or other fonts that are not part of the default Windows installation, it is necessary to install the fonts to assure that the application displays and prints as designed. Using Windows API calls, this can be accomplished within Visual FoxPro.

MORE INFORMATION

The following sample code demonstrates how to install a new font and make the font available after the computer reboots. When you use the program below, you must specify the location of the .ttf file, name of the .ttf file and the description for the font you want to install.

Sample code

*-- Code begins here
   CLEAR DLLS

   PRIVATE iRetVal, iLastError
   PRIVATE sFontDir, sSourceDir, sFontFileName, sFOTFile
   PRIVATE sWinDir, iBufLen
   iRetVal = 0

   ***** Code to customize with actual file names and locations.
   *-- .TTF file path.
   sSourceDir = "C:\TEMP\"

   *-- .TTF file name.
   sFontFileName = "TestFont.TTF"

   *-- Font description (as it will appear in Control Panel).
   sFontName = "My Test Font" + " (TrueType)"
   ******************** End of code to customize *****

   DECLARE INTEGER CreateScalableFontResource IN win32api ;
     LONG fdwHidden, ;
     STRING lpszFontRes, ;
     STRING lpszFontFile, ;
     STRING lpszCurrentPath

   DECLARE INTEGER AddFontResource IN win32api ;
       STRING lpszFilename

   DECLARE INTEGER RemoveFontResource IN win32api ;
       STRING lpszFilename

   DECLARE LONG GetLastError IN win32api

   DECLARE INTEGER GetWindowsDirectory IN win32api STRING @lpszSysDir,;
     INTEGER iBufLen

   #DEFINE WM_FONTCHANGE   29 && 0x001D
   #DEFINE HWND_BROADCAST  65535 && 0xffff

   DECLARE LONG SendMessage IN win32api ;
       LONG hWnd, INTEGER Msg, LONG wParam, INTEGER lParam

   #DEFINE HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE 2147483650   && (HKEY) 0x80000002
   #DEFINE SECURITY_ACCESS_MASK 983103     && SAM value KEY_ALL_ACCESS

   DECLARE RegCreateKeyEx IN ADVAPI32.DLL ;
      INTEGER, STRING, INTEGER, STRING, INTEGER, INTEGER, ;
           INTEGER, INTEGER @, INTEGER @

   DECLARE RegSetValueEx IN ADVAPI32.DLL;
           INTEGER, STRING, INTEGER, INTEGER, STRING, INTEGER

   DECLARE RegCloseKey IN ADVAPI32.DLL INTEGER

   *-- Fonts folder path.
   *-- Use the GetWindowsDirectory API function to determine
   *-- where the Fonts directory is located.
   sWinDir = SPACE(50)  && Allocate the buffer to hold the directory name.
   iBufLen = 50         && Pass the size of the buffer.
   iRetVal = GetWindowsDirectory(@sWinDir, iBufLen)

   *-- iRetVal holds the length of the returned string.
   *-- Since the string is null-terminated, we need to
   *-- snip the null off.
   sWinDir = SUBSTR(sWinDir, 1, iRetVal)
   sFontDir = sWinDir + "\FONTS\"

   *-- Get .FOT file name.
   sFOTFile  = sFontDir + LEFT(sFontFileName, ;
     LEN(sFontFileName) - 4) + ".FOT"

   *-- Copy to Fonts folder.
   COPY FILE (sSourceDir + sFontFileName) TO ;
     (sFontDir + sFontFileName)

   *-- Create the font.
   iRetVal = ;
     CreateScalableFontResource(0, sFOTFile, sFontFileName, sFontDir)
   IF iRetVal = 0 THEN
       iLastError = GetLastError ()
       IF iLastError = 80
          MESSAGEBOX("Font file " + sFontDir + sFontFileName + ;
          "already exists.")
       ELSE
           MESSAGEBOX("Error " + STR (iLastError))
       ENDIF
      RETURN
   ENDIF

   *-- Add the font to the system font table.
   iRetVal = AddFontResource (sFOTFile)
   IF iRetVal = 0 THEN
       iLastError = GetLastError ()
       IF iLastError = 87 THEN
           MESSAGEBOX("Incorrect Parameter")
       ELSE
           MESSAGEBOX("Error " + STR (iLastError))
       ENDIF
      RETURN
   ENDIF

   *-- Make the font persistent across reboots.
   STORE 0 TO iResult, iDisplay
   iRetVal = RegCreateKeyEx(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, ;
     "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Fonts", 0, "REG_SZ", ;
     0, SECURITY_ACCESS_MASK, 0, @iResult, ;
     @iDisplay) && Returns .T. if successful

   *-- Uncomment the following lines to display information
   *!*   *-- about the results of the function call.
   *!*      WAIT WINDOW STR(iResult)   && Returns the key handle
   *!*      WAIT WINDOW STR(iDisplay)  && Returns one of 2 values:
   *!*                                 && REG_CREATE_NEW_KEY = 1
   *!*                                 && REG_OPENED_EXISTING_KEY = 2

   iRetVal = RegSetValueEx(iResult, sFontName, 0, 1, sFontFileName, 13)

   *-- Close the key.  Don't keep it open longer than necessary.
   iRetVal = RegCloseKey(iResult)

   *-- Notify all the other application a new font has been added.
   iRetVal = SendMessage (HWND_BROADCAST, WM_FONTCHANGE, 0, 0)
   IF iRetVal = 0 THEN
       iLastError = GetLastError ()
           MESSAGEBOX("Error " + STR (iLastError))
      RETURN
   ENDIF

   ERASE (sFOTFile)
   *-- Code ends here
				

REFERENCES

MSDN Library: Tools and Technologies; SDK Documentation; Platform SDK; Setup and Systems Management Services; System Information; System Information Reference; System Information Functions

Properties

Article ID: 186722 - Last Review: January 24, 2005 - Revision: 3.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0b Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 5.0a
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 6.0 Professional Edition
Keywords: 
kbhowto KB186722

Give Feedback

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com