Microsoft ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 188305 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?????? ???? ??? ??? WAN ????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? centralized ???? ???? ??, ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ???, ?? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ???? WAN ?? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????, ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? elections ?? ?? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? WAN ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??, ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????, ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????

??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? Microsoft Windows ?????? ????? ?? Browstat.exe ???????? ?? ?????? ??? TCP/IP ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????????? ??? ??, ??????? ??????? ?????? diagnosis, ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???

??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? datagrams, ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? 48-???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ??? (????? ?????????? ????? ?? ???-??? ????? ?? ??????? ???)?

??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? thing WINS ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? wasted ??????? ????????, ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???

???? ???????

  1. ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ?????:
    browstat ??????
    ????? ?? ???? ???? ??:
    ????? ?? ??? ??????DomainName??????????? \Device\NetBT_IEEPRO1 ??

    ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???
    ?????? ??????? ??? ??:MasterBrowser
    ?????? ??????? ????? 1381 ?? ??? ??
    1 ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ????BackupBrowser
    \\SmallerServer
    ????? ??? 100 ????? ???DomainName??????????? ??
    \Device\NetBT_IEEPRO1
    ????? ??? 1500 ????? ???DomainName??????????? ??
    \Device\NetBT_IEEPRO1
    ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??, ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??, ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????

    ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? "\Device\Protocol_NIC" ????????, ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???browstat?????

    ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????:
    browstat getmaster \device\netbt_el59x1domainname
    ?? ????? ????????????,getmaster????? ????? ?? ?? DomainName <1d>?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??, ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ??, ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??, ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? 36 ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????, ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????:</1d>
    browstat ????? \device\netbt_ieepro1 \\pdcname | findstr /i mbr
    ????, ?????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???

    ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??, ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?? election ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??, ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ?? election ?????????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???:
    browstat elect \device\netbt_ieepro1domainname
  2. ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?? "... \device" ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????:
    browstat ????? \device\netbt_ieepro1 \\masterbrowser| findstr /imissingserver
    ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??, ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????????? ???? ?????:
    \\MissingServerNT 04.00 (W, S, NT, PBR, DFS) ????? ?? "?????"
    \\MissingServer
    ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??, ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ??:
    browstat forceannounce \device\netbt_el59x1domainname
    ??, ?? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???:
    browstat \device\netbt_el59x1 ????? ????domainname
    ?? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???

    ??, ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????

  3. ??? PDC ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ???? ?????:
    browstat ????? \device\netbt_ieepro1 \\PDC| findstr /imissingserver
    ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????:
    \\MissingServerNT 04.00 (W, S, NT, PBR, DFS) ????? ?? "?????"
    \\MissingServer
    ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??, ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??? PDC, ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? DomainName ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? 138 UDP ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? <1b>??? ????? ?? it directed ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? announcement ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??? PDC, ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? (????? ?????? ??????? PDC ?? ?????-???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???, ?? ???, ????, ???? ????? PDC ???????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??.) </1b>

    ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? DomainName ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? <1b>?????????, ????? ???? ?????:</1b>
    browstat getpdc \device\netbt_el59x1domainname
    ???????? ???? ?? PDC ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??-????? ?? ???????? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? PDC ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? PDC ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????, ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???

  4. ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? 1 ??? ?? ??? ???, ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????
  5. Determine if the master browser has the missing server's name on the client's segment. Run the following command:
    browstat view \device\netbt_ieepro1 \\mbclientseg| findstr /imissingserver
    If the server has the entry, the output should be similar to:
    \\MissingServerNT 04.00 (W,S,NT,PBR,DFS) "Description" of server
    \\MissingServer
    If the master browser does not have the missing server's name, it is probably because of a name resolution problem. Verify that the master browser on the client's segment is able to resolve the DomainName<1b> name by running the following command: </1b>
    browstat getpdc \device\netbt_el59x1domainname
    Also, the master browser must be able to resolve the computer name of the PDC. To verify this, map a network drive to the PDC.

    If either of these tests does not work, resolve the name resolution problems.

  6. Determine the backup browsers on the client's segment. To reduce the demands on the segment master browser, when a client requests a browse list, it will choose a backup browser if one is available. Therefore, it is more likely that all the clients will use backup browsers. There are two ways to determine the local backup browsers for this segment.

    From the master browser's console, run the following command:
    browstat locallist \device\netbt_ieepro1 | findstr /i bbr
    This will return a list of entries similar to:
    \\BackupBrowserNT 04.00 (W, S, BDC, NT, BBR, DFS) ????? ?? "?????"
    \\BackupBrowser
    ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????:
    browstat ????? \device\netbt_ieepro1 \\masterbrowser0x40000000 | findstr /i bbr
    ???:: ???? ?? ????? CIFS ?????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????:

    FTP://FTP.Microsoft.com/developr/drg/cifs/cifsbrow.doc
  7. ??? ????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???, ?? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????:
    browstat ????? \device\netbt_ieepro1 \\backupbrowser| findstr /imissingserver
    ??? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????, ?? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? instruct ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? 12 ???? ?? ????????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? 6 ?? 7 ?? ????????
??? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
231312???????? ??? ?????????? ???? ??? ???????? ??

???-???? ?????

???? ??? ?????-???? ???? ????? ?? ??? PDC, ?? ??? ?? ?????-homed ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? PDC ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? PDC ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??, ??????? PDC ?????? ?? ???-homed ???? ???? ??? ?????-???? ???? ?????? ??? ??, ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???-homed. ???????? 12 ???? ?????? ??????? PDC ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?????-???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? issues ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? PDC ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? telling. ???????, ??????? PDC ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? IP ????, PDC ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? obtains ???????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????

???? ?????

?????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????, ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?????-???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ?? dedicate ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ????????, ???? ??? BDC ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??, ?? ??????? ?? ?? ????? Windows-?????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? IsDomainMaster ????????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? becoming ??? elections ?? ??????

??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????, ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? "??? ????? ???" ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??:
nbtstat - n
????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??-A??,-???????.

???????? ?? ???? WAN ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ?? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? elections ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ??, ??????? UDP ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? Strange ??????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????? UDP ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? elections ?? ???? "8003" ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???

????? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? Microsoft ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???????? exchanges, ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ???????????, ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???????, ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????-???? ???? ?? PDC, ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? PDC ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??, ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?????

Windows NT 4.0 ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? 64 KB ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??, ?? ?? ????? ?? truncated ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ????, ?? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???

??????

???? ??????? ?? ???, "Microsoft Windows NT ???????" ????? ???? ????? Microsoft ??? ???? ?? ??????:
HTTP://TechNet.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc767893.aspx

???

???? ID: 188305 - ????? ???????: 29 ??????? 2010 - ??????: 6.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Enterprise Edition
??????: 
kbinfo kbnetwork kbtshoot kbmt KB188305 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:188305

??????????? ???

 

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