Windows 98 ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 188867 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? Microsoft ???????? ???? ?????:
315854Windows 98 ?? Windows Me ?????? ????? ?????? ??????
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?? (???? ?? ???? ??) ???????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??, ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????, ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? VxD ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???

?? ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? (Msconfig.exe) ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ????????, Msconfig.exe ??? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??, ?? ????????? ?? ???????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????

????? booting Windows 98 ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?????????? Microsoft ???????? ???? ??? "????? Narrowing" ??? ?????:
192926Windows 98 ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????
??????????: ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? Windows 98 ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? Windows 98 ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??, ????? ???? ???? convenience ?? ??? ???-?????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??????:: ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ??? ?? ???????, ?? ???? ?????? ?? relate ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???, Microsoft ???????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? Microsoft ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??:
242450?????? ?? ????? Microsoft ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????

???? ???????

Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????

??? Windows 98 ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ????????-??? ??????????? bypasses ?? ?? ??????? ????????-??? ???????????, Windows 98 ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? VGA ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????, ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ????, ????? ?? ?? CTRL ????? ?? ???? ????Windows 98 ????????????? ????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ??? ????????????? ???. ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???, ?? ?? ???? ?? "Windows 98 ??????? ??? ???????? ???" ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??????

??? Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??, ?? ?? ???? ?? "Windows 98 Does ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ???" ??? ??????

Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????

????? ??? ?? ??? ?? Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???:
  • ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
    129972???????? ????? ?? ?????
  • ???? ???????? ?? CMOS ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ?? CMOS ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???
  • ???? ????????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???, ????? ???? ?? ???, PCI BIOS ????????, IRQ ?????, (?????? ?? ???, ?? COM1 ?????, ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? COM ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????) ???????? COM ????? ?? ???????? RAM chips ?? ????? ???? ????
  • ??? ?????? ??? Msdos. sys ????? (?????? ?? ???, ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????) ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???Msdos. sys ????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
    118579Windows Msdos. sys ????? ?? ???????
  • ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? (CVF) ?? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???DriveSpace ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????:
    130018???????? ????? ??? ??? ??? DriveSpace ?? ????? ???? ?? ???
    133175Windows 95 ??? DriveSpace ?????? ??????
??? ?? ??? ?? Windows 98 ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???, ?? Windows ????????? ????????? (Scanreg.exe) ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? Windows ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ????, ????? ?? CTRL ???? ????, ????????? ??????? ???????????????:scanreg???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????..Windows ????????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
183887Windows ????????? ????????? ????? (Scanreg.exe) ?? ?????
?? Scanreg.exe ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
186909????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??
??? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ?? Windows ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ???, ?? ??? ???, ????? ??????? ??? Windows 98 ???????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? (???? ??? ??????????? ????????) ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? ?? remnant ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???

Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??

??? Windows 98 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??, ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ????,????? ?????????.
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??? A, B ??? ????, ??? C. ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????, ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? Follow the instructions below the table to determine the cause of your problem.
                                              Boot A   Boot B   Boot C
          ------------------------------------------------------------
          Process Config.sys file             Yes      No       Yes
          Process Autoexec.bat file           Yes      No       Yes
          Process Winstart.bat (if available) Yes      Yes      No
          Process System.ini file             No       Yes      Yes
          Process Win.ini file                No       Yes      Yes
          Load Startup Group items            Yes      Yes      No
     
    						
    ???:: The Msconfig tool cannot disable a file that has the read-only attribute, although it behaves as though it can. To determine if the Msconfig tool has replaced the file you are attempting to disable with a copy of the file, text similar to the following text should appear at the beginning of the file:
          rem
          rem   *** DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE! ***
          rem
          rem   This file was created by the System Configuration Utility as
          rem   a placeholder for your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Your actual
          rem   AUTOEXEC.BAT file has been saved under the name AUTOEXEC.TSH.
          rem
     
    						
    ???:: If Windows 98 does not start normally under any of the following scenarios, see the "Troubleshooting Protected-Mode Driver Problems" section later in this article.

    First, try the Boot A option. If Windows 98 does not start normally under these conditions, try the Boot B option. If Windows 98 does start normally using the Boot A option, there is a problem in the System.ini or Win.ini file. To find which line in the System.ini or Win.ini file is causing the problem:

    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfigin the?????box type, and then clickOK.
    2. ????? ????Win.ini??? ?? ????? ????..
    3. Double-click the Windows folder.
    4. ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????load=, ??run=check boxes.
    5. ????? ????,OK.
    6. ?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???, ?? ????? ???????.
    ??? Windows 98 ??????? ??? ?? B ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??, ?? ??????? ?? ??????-??-stay-resident (TSR) ????????? ?? Config.sys ?? Autoexec.bat ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? "?????? ?????? TSR ????????" ??? ??????

    ??? ??? A ?? ??? B ???????? ?? ??? Windows 98 ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ????, C ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? Windows 98 ??????? ??? ?? ??? C ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??, ?? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? "?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????????" ??? ??????

    ??? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?? Windows 98 ??????? ????, ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???, ?? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????????????? ????? ????,????????????? ????? ????,????? ??????? ????? ????,?????? ?????????? ????,?????? ????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????? ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??.. ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????? "?????? ????? ????????? ?????" ??? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????:
    129605??? ??????? Windows ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????
    ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
    185836?????? ????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? (Sfc.exe)
If you are still unable to start Windows 98 normally, see the "Troubleshooting Protected-Mode Driver Problems" section later in this article.

Troubleshooting StartUp Folder Problems

The problem may be a result of a program that is run during startup. To determine which program is causing the problem:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ?????????????tab, and then click each check box to clear it.
  3. ????? ????,OK, ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????, ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????
If the problem is resolved, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ?????????????tab, click the first check box in the list to select it.
  3. ????? ????,OK. and then restart your computer when you are prompted to do so.
If the problem is still resolved, repeat steps 1-3, but click the next check box in the list to select it. When the problem returns, the last check box you selected is loading a program that is preventing Windows 98 to start normally. Contact the program's manufacturer for further assistance.

There may also be a problem with a TSR being loaded in the Winstart.bat file (if the Winstart.bat file exists). ???Winstart.bat ????? ??????? ????check box is available on the???????tab in System Configuration Utility, click the check box to clear it, clickOK, ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????

The Winstart.bat file is usually located in the Windows folder, and is used to load TSRs that are required only by Windows-based programs.

Troubleshooting TSR Problems

The problem may be a driver or TSR being loaded from the Config.sys or Autoexec.bat file. To determine if this is the case:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ????,????? ?????????????? ????, ?? ???? ???Autoexec.bat ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????
  3. ????? ????,OK, ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????, ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????
If the problem is resolved, the problem driver or TSR is being loaded from the Autoexec.bat file. If the problem is not resolved, the problem driver or TSR is being loaded from the Config.sys file. To determine which line in the Autoexec.bat or Config.sys file is loading the driver or TSR, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ????Autoexec.bat??,Config.systab, and then click the check boxes for all non-essential drivers and programs to clear them.
  3. ????? ????,OK, ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????, ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????
If the problem is resolved, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ????Autoexec.bat??,Config.systab, click the first check box in the list to select it.
  3. ????? ????,OK, ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????, ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????
If the problem is still resolved, repeat steps 1-3, but click the next check box in the list to select it. When the problem returns, the last check box you selected is loading the driver or TSR that is causing the problem. Contact the manufacturer of the program for further assistance.

If the problem is not resolved, run the Windows Registry Checker as there may be a problem with the system registry. To start Windows Registry Checker, click????????? ????? ????,????????????? ????? ????,????? ??????? ????? ????,?????? ?????????? ????,?????? ????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??..

Troubleshooting Protected-Mode Driver Problems

The problem may be a Windows 98 protected-mode driver. To determine if this is the case, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:Msconfig??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
  2. ????? ?????????????? ??,?????.
  3. ?? ???????????????, click a check box to select it.
  4. ????? ????,OK????? ????,OKagain, and then restart your computer.
If the problem is not resolved, repeat steps 1-4, but click a different check box to select it in step 3. When the problem is resolved, the last check box you selected is causing the problem.For additional information aboutadvanced settings, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
181966System Configuration Utility Advanced Troubleshooting
If the problem is not resolved, disable PCI bus IRQ steering in Windows.For additional information about how to do so, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
182628How to Disable PCI Bus IRQ Steering in Windows
If the problem is not resolved, follow these steps to disable devices in Device Manager:
  1. ????? ????,????????? ????? ????,?????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??????????? ????.
  2. ???-????? ??????????.
  3. ????? ?????????? ??????tab, disable all devices under the following branches:

    • Display adapters
    • Floppy disk controllers
    • Hard disk controllers
    • Keyboard
    • Mouse
    • ??????? ???????
    • ?????
    • PCMCIA socket
    • SCSI controllers
    • Sound, video, and game controllers
    To disable a device in Device Manager:

    1. Double-click the branch that contains the device you want to disable, click the device, and then click???.
    2. ????? ?????????????? ??,Disable In This Hardware Profile???? ??? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????OK.
    3. ???????? ?? ???????? ????..
  4. ??? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??, ?? ??? 3 ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????

    ???:: ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????:

    • COM ?????
    • ????? ????? ????????
    • ?????? ????? ????????
    • ????? ????????
    ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:

    1. ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???-????? ???????.
    2. ????? ?????????????? ??,?? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????
    3. ????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????. ?? ????????????????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???
    4. ????? ????,OK, ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????
If the problem is not resolved, run the Automatic Skip Driver Agent tool to enable any device that has been disabled. To start Automatic Skip Driver Agent, click????????? ????? ????,????????????? ????? ????,????? ?????, point to?????? ?????????? ????,?????? ????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???Automatic Skip Driver Agent????? ????????????? ??..For additional information about how to use Automatic Skip Driver Agent, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
186588Description of the Automatic Skip Driver Agent (Asd.exe) Tool
If the problem is not resolved, check for a damaged static virtual device driver (VxD) by following these steps:
  1. Restart your computer, press and hold down the CTRL key until theWindows 98 ????????????? ????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ??? ?????Step-By-Step Confirmation.
  2. Press Y at each prompt up to and including the "Load all Windows drivers?" prompt, and then press N to everything else. Note that you should make a list of all the items trying to load after this point. This prevents VxDs from loading and VxDs in the Windows\System\Vmm32 folder from overriding Windows internal VxDs (VxDs built into the Vmm32.vxd file).

Additional Notes

For information about known hardware issues, view the Hardware.txt file in the Windows folder.

For additional troubleshooting assistance, view the Bootlog.txt file in the root folder. The Bootlog.txt file lists the loading status of all real- mode and protected-mode drivers. If Windows 98 does not start properly, the Bootlog.txt file lists the last driver that loaded successfully, and lists a "LoadFail" entry for each driver that failed to load before the problem occurred.

???:: Some "LoadFail" entries in the Bootlog.txt file are normal entries. For a listing of normal "LoadFail" entries in the Bootlog.txt file, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
127970??? ???????? Bootlog.txt ???? ??? ???????? ????

???

???? ID: 188867 - ????? ???????: 02 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 4.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows 98 Standard Edition
??????: 
kberrmsg kbfatalexerr0d kbfatalexerr0e kbprb kbtshoot kbmt KB188867 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:188867

??????????? ???

 

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