????? FSMO ?????? ????? ?? Windows

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 197132 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
??????
????? ??? ??????? ??? Windows 2000. ????? ??? ? Windows 2000 ?? 13 ????? 2010- ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? 2000 Windows ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000. ????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? Microsoft.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

Active directory ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????. ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????. ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? (DC) ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? DC ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????.

??????? ????

????? ????? ?????

????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? "???? active Directory"? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????. ????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? DC ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????? (?? "??? ???? wins")? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????. ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? "???? ??? wins". ?? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??????.

???? ????? ?????????? Windows ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????????? "???? active Directory".

???? ?????? ?????

???? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows? ???? Active Directory ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? DC ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????????. ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???????? (PDC) ?? ????????? ??????? ?? Windows (??? Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 ? 4.0)? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ??? PDC.

???? active directory ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? Windows ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? (DC) ?? ???????. ???? ??? ????? ???? Active Directory ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? (FSMO). ?? Windows ????? ???? ????? FSMO:

  • ?????? ???????
  • ????? ?????? ????????
  • RID ???????
  • ????? PDC
  • ?????? ????????

??? FSMO ?????? ???????

???? ??? fsmo ??????? ?? DC ??????? ?? ????????????????? ????? ?????? (?? orLDAP://cn=schema ???? ????? ??????? cn = ???????? dc =<domain>). DC onethat ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? DCs ?????? ?? ??????. ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??????.</domain>

??? FSMO ??????? ????? ??????

???? ??????? ??? fsmo ??????? ????????? ??????? DC ????? ??? ????? ??? ??????-???? ???? (Partitions\Configuration ????? orLDAP://CN=Partitions ??????? CN? ?????? DC = =<domain>). DC ?? onlyone ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????. ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????.</domain>

RID ??? FSMO ???????

???? ??? RID FSMO ??????? ?? ????? ???? RID ???????????? ??????? DC ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Dc ??? ???? ????. ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ????.

??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? DC ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ???? (SID) ??????. ???? ?????? SID ??? ????? ?? ??????? SID (??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????)? ?????? ID(RID) ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? SID ?? ????.

??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? Windows ?? ???? ???? RIDs ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? RID ??? ??? ?? ?? DC ????? ??? ? RIDs ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????. ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? RIDs ?? ???? RID ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? DC ??????. ????? ???? RID ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????.

??? FSMO ????? PDC

????? PDC ????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????. ????? Windows ??? ???? ???? ????? (??? Windows) ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? Kerberos. ???? ???????? ??? Windows ????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????. ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? Windows ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????.

????? PDC ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????. ????? PDC ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????. ???? ???? ????? ??? PDC FSMO ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ???.

?? ???? Windows? ????? ???? ??? ????? PDC ??????? ???????:
  • ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? DCs ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? PDC.
  • ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? PDC ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????.
  • ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? pdc.
  • ????? PDC ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? PDC ???????? ??? Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 ?? PDC ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ????????? ??????? ??.
???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? PDC ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? Windows 2000. ????? PDC ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? Windows 2000.

??? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????:
  • ????? Windows (????? ????? ???????? ???????) ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? (??? ????? ???? ????) ????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ? PDC? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????.
  • ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? (Bdc) ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows 2000? ????? ????? PDC ??? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????.
  • ????? Windows (????? ????? ???????? ???????) ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? Active Directory ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????. ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????? Windows NT.

??? FSMO ?????? ????????

??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???????????? ??? ???? ????? SID (???????? ?????? ????????????) ? GUID DN ?????? ?????? ????. ??????????????? ??? fsmo ?? DC ??????? ?? ????? SID ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????.

??????: ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? (IM) ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? server(GC) "?????? ??????? ????????". ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? "???? ????? ??????" ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ????. ???? ??? ???? "???? ????? ??????" ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????????. ??????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???????.

??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????.

??? ????? ???? ???????? "??? ?????????"? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????. ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ???? FSMO ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? 6.1.5.5 "??? FSMO ?????? ????????" ?? http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc223753.aspx

???????

???? ???????: 197132 - ????? ??? ??????: 23/????? ???????/1435 - ??????: 1.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Datacenter Edition (32-Bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition (32-Bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2012 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard
????? ??????: 
kbinfo kbmt KB197132 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????197132

????? ???????

 

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