??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? Windows 2000

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 199174 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
??? ????? ??? ???????. ????? "??? ??" ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??.

??????? ????

???? Windows 2000 Server ????? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????. ????? ?????? (?? ???? ???????) ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????. ??? Windows 2000 ??? ??? ?????? ??????? (????? ????? ?????) ? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????.

????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??????. ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????, ????? interdependencies ???? ???? ??? ????? ????????.

??? ??????

???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? "???" ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? (LAN).

???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????. ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? (IP) inter-site ?????. ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? Protocol (SMTP) inter-site ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? "?" ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????, ??? "???????" ? "????.

????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? "?????? ???? ??????? ? ????? ?????". ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????. ????? ????? ????? ????? ????.

??? ?????

???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? "Active Directory" ???? ???????? ????? ???????? (KCC) ?? ???????. ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????.

????? KCC ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ????. ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? KCC ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? KCC ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??????.

???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? NTDS ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????????. ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????. ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? intra ?? inter-site ???????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????. ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? (GC1) ????? ??????? ????????? ?? GC2 ? GC3 ? GC1 ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? (GC) ? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????.

??? ?????? ??????

?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? (WAN) ?????. ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????--?????? ???? ???? ??????.

???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ? ????? ????? ????????. ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????????. ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ????????. ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????. ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? KCC ???? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ???.

??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? NxN ?????? ???? ????.

?????? KCC ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???????. ???? ???????? ?????? KCC ??? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? WAN ??? ???????. ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? transitively ?? ????. ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???????.

??? ??? ?????? ??????

??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? A ? B ? C, ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????:
A-----(3)-----B-----(4)-----C
???? ?? ???????? ??????? ().

??? ??? ?????? B ??? ?????? (?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????) ? ?? ???? ??? ?????? A ??? ?????? C ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? - A-??? - ???? - C. ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? A ??? ?????? C ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? A ??????? B ? ??? ?????? B ?????? C. ????? infers ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? A ?????? C ?? ????? 7.

?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? A ?????? C ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????. ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ???????. ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? A ????? ?????? B ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? (?????? ??? ??? ?????? A ? B ??????) ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? (???? ???????? ??? ?????? A ?????? B ? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? A ?????? C) ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??????.

???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ???????. ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????. ?????? ????????? ?? Windows 2000.

???? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????. ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ??? (?? ?????? A ??? ?????? B ?? ?? ?????? B ??? ?????? C) ? ???? deduce KCC ???? ????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? A ??? ?????? C ?? ????? 7. ???? ?????? ?????? B ??? ?? ??? ????? IP. ??? ?? ??? KCC ??? ??? ?????? B ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????.

?? ???? ?????? ?????? KCC ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????.

????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????

???? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ????????. ??????? ???????? ???????:
  1. ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????.
  2. ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????.
  3. ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? (??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? (VPN) ??????? ???? ???????).
  5. ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????. ????? ??? ??? ?????? A ????? ??? ?????? ?????? B ?????? B ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? C infers ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? A ?????? C ?? ????? AB + BC.
???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????:
  • ?????: ??????? (???????) Angeles ??? (LA) ? Atlanta (ATL)
  • ????????: ENG (???? ???? ?????? EXEC ??? ?? ???? LA) ? EXEC
  • ???? ??????? ???????: LA ATL = T1; ??????? LA = T1; ATL ??????? = 128 ???? ????
  • ???????? ??????: ??????? NY-LA ?? 2 ? ??????? LA ATL ?? 2 (??? ???????? ATL ??????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???)
  • ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? LA ??????? ? LA ATL
      NY-----(2)--+-----LA 
    EXEC          +      EXEC
    ENG          SLB    / 
                  +    / 
                  +   / 
                  +  / 
                  + / 
                   / 
                 ATL
                  EXEC
                  ENG
    						
???? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????:
  • ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? EXEC ? ENG ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????.
  • ????? ??????? ??????? ATL ????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????.
  • ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ENG ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ATL ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ENG. ??? ?????, ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? LA ?????? ENG.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? LA ?? ??? LA ????? ATL ? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? inferred ??? ??????? ????? ATL ?? ????? 4. ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???? LA ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ATL ???? ????????.

?????? ??????

?? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???????. ????? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????, ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? SMTP ? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (????? ?????? ?????????). ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ???? ??????? ??????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit ? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ????? 6, "????? ?????? ???? ????????."

???????

???? ???????: 199174 - ????? ??? ??????: 06/???? ??????/1435 - ??????: 4.2
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP1
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
????? ??????: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbmt kbinfo KB199174 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????199174

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