??????? ?????? NSlookup.exe

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 200525 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

Nslookup.exe ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? DNS ???????? ??????? ????????. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? TCP/IP ?? "???? ??????". ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? Nslookup.exe.

??????? ????

?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? Nslookup.exe:
  • ??? ?? ???? ?????????? TCP/IP ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? Nslookup.exe
  • ??? ????? ???? DNS ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? IPCONFIG /ALL ?? ???? ?????.
  • ???? ?????? Nslookup ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? (?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????)? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? DNS ??????? ?? att.com ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? www.microsoft.com? ???? ????????? ????? ??????? www.microsoft.com.att.com.????? ???? ????? ?????????. ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? Nslookup? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? Microsoft Windows NT Nslookup.exe
  • ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? "????? ????? ?? ????? ??????" ???????? ?? ????? ??????? DNS ???????? ?? ?????? ????? Microsoft TCP/IP? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????. ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? "??? ???? ???? ???????" (?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????) ??????.

???? ????? ?????? Nslookup.exe ?? ?????: ?????? ???? ??????. ???? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????????. ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????:

   nslookup [-option] [hostname] [server]
				

???? ?????? Nslookup.exe ?? ????? ????????? ???? nslookup ?? ???? ??????? ???:

   C:\> nslookup
   Default Server:  nameserver1.domain.com
   Address:  10.0.0.1
   >
				

???? ????? help ?? ? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???????. ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????????. ?????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ????????? CTRL+C. ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ???? exit ?? ???? ???????.

???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????????:

Commands:   (identifiers are shown in uppercase, [] means optional)

 NAME            - print info about the host/domain NAME using default  
                   server
 NAME1 NAME2     - as above, but use NAME2 as server
 help or ?       - print info on common commands
 set OPTION      - set an option

    all                 - print options, current server and host
    [no]debug           - print debugging information
    [no]d2              - print exhaustive debugging information
    [no]defname         - append domain name to each query
    [no]recurse         - ask for recursive answer to query
    [no]search          - use domain search list
    [no]vc              - always use a virtual circuit
    domain=NAME         - set default domain name to NAME
    srchlist=N1[/N2/.../N6] - set domain to N1 and search list to N1, N2,  
                          and so on
    root=NAME           - set root server to NAME
    retry=X             - set number of retries to X
    timeout=X           - set initial time-out interval to X seconds
    type=X              - set query type (for example, A, ANY, CNAME, MX,  
                          NS, PTR, SOA, SRV)
    querytype=X         - same as type
    class=X             - set query class (for example, IN (Internet), ANY)
    [no]msxfr           - use MS fast zone transfer
    ixfrver=X           - current version to use in IXFR transfer request

 server NAME     - set default server to NAME, using current default server
 lserver NAME    - set default server to NAME, using initial server
 finger [USER]   - finger the optional NAME at the current default host
 root            - set current default server to the root
 ls [opt] DOMAIN [> FILE] - list addresses in DOMAIN (optional: output to  
                  FILE)

    -a          -  list canonical names and aliases
    -d          -  list all records
    -t TYPE     -  list records of the given type (for example, A, CNAME,  
                   MX, NS, PTR, and so on)

 view FILE       - sort an 'ls' output file and view it with pg
 exit            - exit the program
				

???? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? Nslookup.exe ?? ???? ????? ????? set ?? ???? ???????. ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? set all. ???? ?????? ??? ????? set ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????.


????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????

????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? set type ?? ????? set q[uerytype] ?? ???? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???:
   C:\> nslookup
   Default Server:  ns1.domain.com
   Address:  10.0.0.1

   > set q=mx
   > mailhost
   Server:  ns1.domain.com
   Address:  10.0.0.1

   mailhost.domain.com     MX preference = 0, mail exchanger =
                           mailhost.domain.com
   mailhost.domain.com     internet address = 10.0.0.5
   >
				

???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? DNS ?????? ????? DNS ??????? ???? ??????. ???? ???? DNS ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????.


????????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???

????????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? server ?? ????? lserver ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???. ?????? ????? lserver ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? server ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????.

????:
   C:\> nslookup

   Default Server:  nameserver1.domain.com
   Address:  10.0.0.1

   > server 10.0.0.2

   Default Server:  nameserver2.domain.com
   Address:  10.0.0.2
   >
				

??????? ?????? Nslookup.exe ???? ????? ?????

???? ??????? ?????? Nslookup ???? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ls. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ????. ???? ???? ?????? ????? ls ???????:

   ls [- a | d | t type] domain [> filename]
				

???? ??????? ????? ls ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????. ???? ????????? -a ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? -d ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?????????? -t ??? ??????? ??? ?????.

????:

   >ls domain.com
   [nameserver1.domain.com]
    nameserver1.domain.com.    NS     server = ns1.domain.com
    nameserver2.domain.com                 NS     server = ns2.domain.com
    nameserver1                            A      10.0.0.1
    nameserver2                            A      10.0.0.2

   >
				

???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? DNS ???? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????. ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???????:
*** Can't list domain example.com.: Query refused

?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
193837 ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? DNS ?? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0

??????? ????? Nslookup.exe ????????

???? ?????? ??????????

??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? Nslookup.exe? ?? ???? ??????? ???????:
*** Can't find server name for address w.x.y.z: Timed out (*** ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? w.x.y.z: ?????? ??????)

??????: ???? w.x.y.z ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? "????? ??? ???? DNS".

*** Can't find server name for address 127.0.0.1: Timed out (*** ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? 127.0.0.1: ?????? ??????)

???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? DNS ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????. ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? DNS ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????.

???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? "????? ??? ???? DNS". ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? IP ????? DNS ???? ??? ??? ???????.

?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
172060 NSLOOKUP: ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? 127.0.0.1

????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? Nslookup.exe

?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? Nslookup.exe:

*** Can't find server name for address w.x.y.z: Non-existent domain (*** ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? w.x.y.z: ???? ??? ?????)


???? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? PTR ?????? IP ????? ????? ?????. ??? ??? ????? ?????? Nslookup.exe ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????. ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? PTR? ???? ????? ????? ???. ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ????? PTR ??????? ???????.

?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
172953 ????? ????? ???? Microsoft DNS ???????

??? ?????? Nslookup ?? ?????? ??????

??? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? Nslookup ??? ????? ??????? ????????:

*** ns.domain.com can't find child.domain.com.: Non-existent domain (*** ???? ??? ns.domain.com ?????? ??? child.domain.com.: ???? ??? ?????)
*** Can't list domain child.domain.com.: Non-existent domain (*** ????? ??? ?????? child.domain.com.: ???? ??? ?????)


?? ????? DNS? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????. ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?????. ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ???????. ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? DNS ?????? ??????.
?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? "????? ??????" ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? Microsoft. ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????. ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????. ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????.

???????

???? ???????: 200525 - ????? ??? ??????: 07/???? ?????/1435 - ??????: 1.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbinfo KB200525

????? ???????

 

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