Article ID: 209231 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q209231
The Open statement is part of the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) language. This command allows you to open a text data file for reading, modifying, or adding to the file.
The Open statement does not open the text data file in Word as a document. The file is open in VBA for manipulation by your VBA macro.
NOTE: The Open statement should not be used to open a program's own file types. For example, do not use this Open statement to access Word documents, a Microsoft Excel worksheet, or a Microsoft Access database. Doing so may cause file corruption and loss of file integrity.
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. The correct syntax for the Open statement is as follows:
The Open statement syntax has the following parts.
Open pathname For mode [access] [lock] As [#]filenumber [Len=reclength]
Part Description --------------------------- pathname Required. String expression that specifies a file name may include directory or folder, and drive. mode Required. Keyword specifying the file mode: Append, Binary, Input, Output, or Random. If unspecified, the file is opened for Random access. access Optional. Keyword specifying the operations permitted on the open file: Read, Write, or Read Write. lock Optional. Keyword specifying the operations permitted on the open file by other processes: Shared, Lock Read, Lock Write, and Lock Read Write. filenumber Required. A valid file number in the range 1 to 511, inclusive. Use the FreeFile function to obtain the next available file number. reclength Optional. Number less than or equal to 32,767 (bytes). For files opened for random access, this value is the record length. For sequential files, this value is the number of characters buffered.
This macro creates or opens a file called Datafile.txt and puts the comma and quotation mark delimited data into the file. The data can then later be retrieved using the Input # statement.
For more information about writing data to files, in the Visual Basic Editor, click Microsoft Visual Basic Help on the Help menu, type writing data to files in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.
For more information about how to use the sample code in this article, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/212536/EN-US/ )OFF2000: How to Run Sample Code from Knowledge Base Articles
For more information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/226118/EN-US/ )OFF2000: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications
Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.